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John Deere 214 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 214 is a 200-series garden tractor. This model was manufactured between 1975 and 1987. The John Deere 214 is equipped with a 31.3 cubic inches Kohler K321AQS 1-cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine rated at 14 hp (10.5 kW). The Peerless 2300 belt-driven gear transmission has a 4 forward and 1 reverse gears.

The maximum forward speed - 7 mph (11.3 km/h), max. reverse speed - 3.7 mph (6 km/h). The John Deere 214 garden tractor was equipped with a manual steering system, band brakes, 15x6.50-8 front tires, and 23x10.50-12 rear tires.

The wheelbase is 46 inches (1160 mm). The tractor is compatible with the following attachments: a 38" mid-mount mower deck and 46" mid-mount mower deck. All decks have a cutting height of 1.5-3.5 inches (37-89 mm) and mechanical lift system.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine hard starting or not starting
No gasoline in tank - Add gasoline
Incorrect fuel grade - Use quality gasoline
Air in fuel system - Bleed fuel system
Damaged spark plug wiring connection - Check spark plug wiring connection, repair or change
Spark plug is faulty - Install new spark plug
Plugged fuel filter - Replace fuel filter
Brake pedal not depressed - Press the brake pedal
Carburetor is clogged - Clean the carburetor
Engine has bad compression - Check cylinder block and change wear parts
Choke cable is unadjusted or damaged - Replace cable or adjust properly
Rough engine running
Cooling fins are blocked - Need to clean or wash
Ignition failure - Inspect ignition system and change failed components
Stuck or defective choke cable - Clean or change the cable
Air filter element is plugged - Service or replace air filter
Clogged or damaged fuel pump - Clean or change fuel pump
Engine starts and stops suddenly
Spark plug is faulty - Change spark plug
Defective or dirty carburetor - Clean or replace carburetor
Faulty ignition coil - Ignition coil should be replaced
Worn or loose valve springs - Valve springs need to be changed
Stuck valves - Service the valves
Engine overheated
Engine oil insufficient - Fill the crankcase with engine oil
Engine overloaded - Load reducing is recommended
Air intake grill is clogged - Wash or clean as required
Carburetor fuel mixture is too lean - Adjust carburetor correctly
Ignition timing is wrong - Adjust ignition timing correctly
Wrong valve setting - Set the valves correctly
Engine knocking or noise
Stale or low octane fuel - Use proper gasoline
Engine is overloaded - Load reducing required
Engine oil level low - Check and refill engine oil
Too low idle RPM - Test and adjust
Fuel pump is clogged or faulty - Check fuel pump and change if required
Main bearings or crankshaft failure - Have bearings or crankshaft replaced
Valve clearance is improper - Check and adjust
Cylinder bore or piston rings are worn - Replace faulty components
Loss of engine power
Carburetor is incorrectly adjusted or clogged - Adjust the carburetor properly or clean it
Dirty air filter element - Service or replace air filter
Fuel pump is defective or dirty - Test fuel pump and change if necessary
Defective ignition - Check ignition and replace faulty components
Worn cylinder head gasket - Replace cylinder head gasket
Stuck or burned valves - Clean or change valves
Damaged or worn push rod - Push rod should be replaced
Worn cylinder block parts - Replace defective components
Engine uses too much fuel
Insufficient throttle opening - Adjust or replace throttle cable
Carburetor main jet is improperly adjusted - Adjust the carburetor main jet correctly
Spark plug is loose or defective - Spark plug need to be replaced or tightened
Burned, worn, or stuck valves - Replace or service valves
Sleeve, piston, or rings are damaged - Replace faulty parts
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Engine oil consumption is too high
Seals or gaskets are wearing excessively - Install new components
Damaged valve stems or valve guides - Replace the valves
Worn or stuck piston rings - Replace piston rings
Cylinder liner or piston is damaged - Inspect piston and liner, fit new components as necessary
Blocked breather hose or pipe - Clean or replace

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gears are hard to shift
Stuck or damaged gear shift linkage - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Shift forks need to be replaced
Gearshift mechanism is worn out - Repair or replace worn components if required
Excessive transmission noise
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Add fluid as required
Transmission fluid is dirty - Transmission fluid change required
Gears or bearings are damaged - Replace gears or bearings
Transmission jumps out of gear
Shift lever is damaged or installed improperly - Reinstall the lever properly or change it
Damaged or worn gears - Change gears
Shift forks or shift rods are faulty - Replace damaged forks or rods
Transmission slips
Drive belt/shaft is incorrectly adjusted or defective - Change belt/shaft or adjust it
Improper clutch/brake adjustment or faulty clutch/brake - Change clutch/brake or adjust it
Drive pulley is damaged or worn - Replace pulley

Mower Deck Troubleshooting
Mower vibration is excessive
Dirty or worn mower drive sheave - Change or clean sheave
Loose or worn drive belt - Adjust belt tension or replace belt
Mower blades are not balanced or warped - Change or balance blades
Blade bolts are not tightened well - Tighten it fast
Constant clogging of discharge chute
Fast ground speed - Use a lower speed
Grass is too high - Need to set low cutting height
Reduced engine speeds - Adjust throttle to full opening
Low cutting height - Adjust mower to higher cutting height
Drive belt installed improperly - Check drive belt for correct installation
Uncut grass when mowing
Deck clogged with grass clippings - Clean out the mower deck
Not sharp blades - Blades need to be sharpened
Worn or defective blades - Change the blades
High ground speed - Use a slower speed
Low cutting height - Must be set to high cutting height
Full grass bag - Clean grass bag
Blade scalped grass
Bumpy or not smooth lawn - Lawn needs to be leveled
Cutting level is too low - Need to set high cutting height
Fast ground speed - Select a slower speed
Incorrectly leveled mower deck - Adjust mower deck level properly
Blades are worn or bent - Replace the blades
Low tire pressure - Need to inflate tires
Mower cuts uneven
Tires are not correctly inflated - Inflate tires correctly
Improper mower deck level - Adjust mower deck level properly
Excessive blade dullness - Sharpen the blades
Damaged or worn blades - Blades need to be replaced
Cutting deck is clogged - Inspect and clean cutting deck
Deck housing is broken - Rebuild or replace mower deck
Bent or loose mower spindle - Replace or repair the spindle

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Electrical wire connections are loose or corroded - Service or tighten cable connections
Defective battery terminal connectors - Install new terminal connectors
Worn-out battery - Battery change required
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery power - Battery is drained, recharge it
Battery is draining quickly - Service or change the battery
Corroded battery terminals or disconnected wires - Connect wires properly or change terminals
Starter is not working
Battery is low or faulty - Recharge or change battery
Wiring harness is disconnected or improperly connected - Check wiring harness and connect as required
Low battery output voltage - Battery is drained, charge it
Incorrectly gapped or worn spark plug - Clean, gap or replace spark plug
Faulty solenoid or starter motor - Repair starter or install a new solenoid




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