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John Deere D130 Troubleshooting

The John Deere D130 is a D100 series lawn tractor. This model was manufactured from 2011 to 2017. The John Deere D130 tractor is powered by 40.03 cu.in (656 cc) Briggs and Stratton 407777 4-cycle V-twin cylinder OHV vertical-shaft air-cooled gasoline engine with a rated power of 21 hp (15.7 kW), or 44.2 cu.in (724 cc) Briggs and Stratton 44S677 4-cycle vertical-shaft 2-cylinder OHV air-cooled gasoline engine with a max power of 22 hp (16.4 kW).

The JD D130 is fitted with a belt-driven hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears. The maximum travel speed (forward/reverse): 5.5 mph (8.8 km/h) and 3.2 mph (5.1 km/h). The lawn tractor was equipped with a manual steering system, mechanical disc brakes, 15x6.00-6 front tires, and 20x10.00-8 rear tires. The wheelbase is 49" (1240 mm).

The John Deere D130 is compatible with the following attachments: a 42" mid-mount 2-blade mower deck with cutting height of 1.0-4.0 in (25-102 mm), 43.25" front-mount 2-stage snow blower with mechanical lift system, and 46" front-mount blade.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine won't start or difficult to start
Empty fuel tank - Fill gasoline up
Low-quality gasoline - Change gasoline
Air in the fuel pipes - Bleed the fuel pipes
Damaged spark plug wiring connection - Inspect spark plug wiring connection, change or repair
Faulty spark plug - Change spark plug as required
Fuel filter is clogged - Fuel filter needs changing
Safety contact for brake pedal defective - Install new part
Carburetor settings incorrect - Adjusting as required
Poor compression - Inspect and replace wear parts
Choke cable is worn or not adjusted properly - Change cable or adjust properly
Unstable engine running
Cooling fins are clogged - Clean and wash as required
Defective ignition - Check ignition and replace faulty components
Throttle cable is defective or stuck - Change or clean the cable
Dirty air filter element - Change or clean air filter
Clogged or defective fuel pump - Inspect fuel pump and change as required
Engine starts but stops suddenly
Damaged spark plug - Change spark plug
Faulty or clogged carburetor - Service or repair carburetor
Defective ignition coil - Ignition coil must be replaced
Bad or damaged valve springs - Valve springs need to be changed
Valves are stuck - Clean the valves
Engine overheating
Not enough engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required
Engine is overloaded - Reduce engine load
Air intake screen is blocked - Clean and wash as required
Carburetor mixture is too lean - Make the correct settings
Ignition timing is wrong - Ignition timing needs to be adjusted correctly
Valve setting is incorrect - Set the valves correctly
Engine knocks or noises
Stale or low octane fuel - Use proper fuel
Excessive engine load - Load reducing required
Insufficient engine oil - Fill up the engine oil
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Test and adjust
Clogged or defective fuel pump - Clean or replace fuel pump
Crankshaft or main bearings failure - Install new parts as as required
Improper valve clearance - Check and adjust
Damaged piston rings or cylinder bore - Replace faulty parts
Engine lacks power
Carburetor is dirty or incorrectly adjusted - Adjust carburetor properly or service it
Dirty air filter element - Change or service air filter
Fuel pump is faulty or clogged - Service or change fuel pump
Ignition system problems - Check ignition system and replace faulty parts
Defective cylinder head gasket - Replace the head gasket
Valves are stuck or burned - Service or change valves
Worn or bent push rod - Push rod should be replaced
Faulty cylinder block parts - Defective parts need to be replaced
Engine uses too much fuel
Choke doesn't open well - Adjust or replace choke cable
Improper carburetor main jet adjustment - Adjust it correctly
Faulty or loose spark plug - Re-tighten or change the spark plug
Stuck, worn, or burned valves - Service or replace valves
Sleeve, piston, or rings are damaged - Replace defective parts as required
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications
Engine using too much oil
Damaged seals or gaskets - Replace worn parts to avoid leaks
Worn valve stems and valve guides - Change the valves
Worn or stuck piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Cylinder liner or piston is damaged - Check liner and piston, install new components as required
Plugged breather hose or pipe - Replace or service

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
Excessive HST transmission noise
Defective or not adjusted speed control pedal linkage - Change or adjust linkage
Excessive transmission load - Reduce the load is required
Low transmission oil level or contaminated oil - Add oil to the correct level or fill the transmission with fresh oil
Transmission parts are worm or defective - Change or repair defective parts
Hard to shift
Loose or broken shift linkage - Change defective linkage
Hydrostatic pump is faulty or seized - Repair or change pump
Transmission shift control components are defective or misadjusted - Adjust properly or change
Loss of power
Low fluid level - Add fluid to the transmission housing
Faulty or worn drive sheave - Replace sheave
Shifting linkage is misadjusted or broken - Adjust properly or replace linkage
Worn or out of adjustment speed control linkage - Adjust or replace linkage
Transmission leakage
Transmission gaskets or seals are worn - Install new seals or gaskets
Final drive shaft leaks - Replace shaft seals
Transmission case is cracked - Change broken case

Mower Deck Troubleshooting
Mower vibrates excessively
Drive pulley of mower deck is damaged or dirty - Clean or change pulley
Drive belt is damaged or loose - Change belt or adjust belt tension
Cutting blades are not balanced or warped - Balance or change blades
Loose blade mounting bolts - Bolts need to be tightened
Discharge chute is regularly plugged
High mowing speed - Select a slower speed
Tall grass - Use a lower cutting height
Engine rpm is too low - Open choke fully
Cutting level is too low - Adjust mower to higher cutting height
Improper drive belt installation - Install drive belt correctly
Streaking of uncut grass
Discharge chute is plugged - Need to clean the mower deck
Blades are excessively dull - Need a blade sharpening
Defective or worn blades - Replace the blades
High ground speed - Use a lower speed
Cutting level is too low - Need to set high cutting height
Filled bagger - Remove grass from bagger
Blades scalp the grass
Lawn is not level or bumpy - Level the lawn
Low cutting height - Must be set to high cutting height
Mowing speed is too high - Use a lower speed
Incorrect level of mower deck - Level the deck properly
Worn or bent blades - Install new blades
Low tire inflation - Inflate tires as required
Uneven cutting
Incorrect tire pressure - Need to inflate tires
Incorrect level of mower deck - Deck needs to be adjusted properly
Blades are too dull - Need to sharpen the blades
Worn or bent blades - Blades must be changed
Cutting deck is clogged - Check cutting deck and clean as necessary
Deck shell is broken - Rebuild or replace mower deck
Mower spindle is bent or loose - Change or repair the spindle

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery won’t charge
Loose or corroded wire connections - Clean or tighten connections
Defective battery terminal clamps - Terminal clamps should be changed
Worn-out battery - Install a new battery
Starter turns slow
Battery capacity is low - Battery needs to be recharged
Battery will not hold charge - Battery needs to be serviced or replaced
Disconnected wiring or bad battery terminals - Connect wires properly or change terminals
Starter is not cranking
Battery is low or faulty - Charge or replace the battery
Disconnected or improperly connected wiring harness - Inspect battery wiring harness and connect as required
Low battery output voltage - Battery needs to be recharged
Spark plug dirty or improperly gapped - Clean and gap or replace
Starter motor or solenoid is defective - Replace solenoid or repair starter




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