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John Deere E130 Troubleshooting

The John Deere E130 lawn tractor was manufactured from 2018. The John Deere E130 powerline components: Briggs and Stratton 44N677 four-cycle vertical-shaft V-twin OHV air-cooled gasoline engine and belt-driven hydrostatic transmission.

A 44.2 cubic inches engine has a cylinder bore of 3.12" (79 mm), piston stroke of 2.89" (73 mm), and rated power of 22 hp (16.4 kW). The maximum travel speed (forward and reverse): 5.5 mph (8.8 km/h) / 5.5 mph (8.8 km/h). The John Deere E130 was equipped with a manual steering system, wet disc brakes, 15x6.00-6 front tires, and 20x10.00-8 rear tires.

The wheelbase is 49 inches (1240 mm). Compatible attachments for the tractor: a 42" mid-mount mower deck with cutting height of 1.0-4.0 inches (25-102 mm), 46" front blade, and 42" front-mount single-stage snow blower with manual lift system.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine difficult to start or won't start
No gasoline in tank - Fill gasoline up
Wrong fuel grade - Use correct fuel grade
Air in the fuel pipes - Bleed the fuel pipes
Spark plug wiring connection is defective - Inspect the spark plug wire connection, replace or repair
Spark plug is faulty - Replace spark plug
Fuel filter is dirty - Change fuel filter
Brake pedal not pushed down - Push the brake pedal down
Carburetor problems - Carburetor diagnostics required
Low compression - Check and replace worn parts
Throttle cable is worn or adjusted improperly - Adjust correctly or replace the cable
Unstable engine running
Air intake screen is plugged - Wash or clean as required
Ignition system failure - Check ignition system and replace faulty parts
Defective or stuck throttle cable - Change or clean the cable
Air filter element is plugged - Clean or change air filter
Fuel pump is damaged or dirty - Clean or change fuel pump
Engine starts but then shuts off
Spark plug is damaged - Install new spark plug
Dirty or faulty carburetor - Replace or service carburetor
Ignition coil is defective - Replace ignition coil as necessary
Bad or broken valve springs - Change valve springs
Valves are stuck - Valves must be cleaned
Engine overheating
Engine oil insufficient - Need to add engine oil
Excessive engine load - Reduce engine load
Clogged cooling fins - Need to wash or clean
Too lean carburetor mixture - Set the carburetor properly
Improper ignition timing - Set the ignition timing properly
Incorrect valve setting - Adjust valves as required
Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Low octane fuel - Use proper fuel
Engine overload - Reduce engine load
Lack of engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust as required
Clogged or damaged fuel pump - Check fuel pump and replace if necessary
Main bearings or crankshaft failure - Crankshaft or bearings need to be replaced
Valve clearance is incorrect - Need to adjust valve clearance
Worn cylinder bore or piston rings - Replace faulty components
Low engine power
Clogged or improperly adjusted carburetor - Service or properly adjust carburetor
Plugged air filter - Replace or service air filter
Clogged or damaged fuel pump - Test fuel pump and replace if necessary
Ignition system problems - Check ignition and replace faulty components
Damaged cylinder-head gasket - Replace the head gasket
Valves are burned or stuck - Service or replace valves
Push rod is worn or damaged - Push rod needs to be changed
Faulty cylinder block components - Replace defective components as required
Engine uses too much fuel
Insufficient choke opening - Inspect choke cable and adjust as required
Incorrect adjustment of carburetor main jet - Adjust the carburetor main jet correctly
Defective or loose spark plug - Replace or tighten spark plug
Valves are worn, stuck, or burned - Change or service valves
Worn rings, piston, or sleeve - Replace faulty parts as required
Valve clearance is incorrect - Need to adjust valve clearance
High oil consumption
Damaged gaskets or seals - Defective components must be replaced
Valve guides and stems are worn - Valves must be replaced
Piston rings are stuck or broken - Install new piston rings
Scuffed piston or cylinder liner - Inspect liner and piston, fit new parts as necessary
Breather hose or pipe is blocked - Service or replace

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
Hydrostatic transmission noises
Speed control pedal linkage is bent or not adjusted - Adjust or install new linkage
Excessive transmission load - Reduce loading
Oil is dirty or oil level is too low - Change transmission oil or top up to proper level
Worn or defective transmission components - After disassembly and inspection, replace defective components
Difficult shifting
Corroded or worn shift linkage - Lubricate or change linkage
Hydrostatic pump is worn or stuck - Change or repair pump
Damaged or unadjusted transmission shift control components - Adjust correctly or replace
Power is too low
Low fluid level - Checking transmission fluid level and add if necessary
Drive pulley is worn or faulty - Change pulley
Misadjusted or faulty shifting linkage - Adjust correctly or change linkage
Worn or unadjusted speed control linkage - Replace or adjust linkage
Transmission leaking
Worn transmission seals or gaskets - Replace gaskets or seals
Final drive shaft is leaking - Install new shaft seals
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Mower Deck Troubleshooting
Excessive mower vibration
Mower deck drive sheave is clogged or worn - Clean or change sheave
Drive belt is defective or loose - Adjust belt tension or change the belt
Cutting blades are bent or unbalanced - Balance or replace blades
Blade bolts are not tightened well - Bolts should be tightened
Discharge chute is constantly plugged
Fast ground speed - Use a lower speed
Grass is too long - Adjust mower to lower cutting height
Low engine speeds - Open choke fully
Mower deck set to low cutting - Use correct cutting height
Drive belt installation is not correct - Check drive belt for correct installation
Uncut grass when mowing
Deck clogged with grass clippings - Mower deck needs to be cleaned
Blades are too dull - Blades need to be sharpened
Worn or damaged blades - Blades must be changed
High mowing speed - Select a slower speed
Cutting height is too low - Must be set to high cutting height
Filled grass bag - Grass bag must be empty
Blades scalp the grass
Lawn is uneven or bumpy - Level the lawn
Mower cuts too low - Raise the cutting height
High mowing speed - Operate at slower speed
Mower deck is not leveled properly - Deck should be adjusted correctly
Bent or worn blades - Blades need to be replaced
Incorrect tire pressure - Check and inflate the tires
Mower cuts uneven
Incorrect tire pressure - Check and inflate the tires
Mower deck is not leveled properly - Adjust the level of mower deck correctly
Excessive blade dullness - Sharpen the blades
Blades are worn or damaged - Replace the blades
Deck is plugged with grass - Clean mower deck as required
Deck shell is broken - Replace or repair the deck
Loose or defective mower spindle - Install new spindle or repair it

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged
Wiring connections are corroded or loose - Tighten or service cable connections
Faulty battery terminal clamps - Change terminal clamps
Faulty cell in battery - Battery replacement required
Starter cranks slow
Battery voltage is low - Battery is drained, recharge it
Battery is draining quickly - Service or change the battery
Bad battery terminals or disconnected wiring - Connect wiring properly or install new terminals
Starter doesn't crank
Battery is low or faulty - Recharge or replace battery
Disconnected or improperly connected wiring harness - Inspect battery wiring harness and connect as required
Low battery output - Battery is drained, recharge it
Improperly gapped or dirty spark plug - Clean, gap or replace spark plug
Starter motor or solenoid is defective - Repair starter or install a new solenoid




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