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John Deere E160 Troubleshooting

The John Deere E160 is a E100 series lawn tractor with cast-iron front axle. This model was manufactured between 2018 and 2020. The components of John Deere E160 driveline system: Briggs and Stratton 44U877 4-cycle vertical-shaft 2-cylinder OHV air-cooled gasoline engine and belt-driven hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears.

A 44.2 cu.in (724 cc) engine has a cylinder bore of 3.12" (79 mm), piston stroke of 2.89" (73 mm), and rated power of 24 hp (17.9 kW). Max. forward speed - 5.5 mph (8.8 kph), maximum reverse speed - 3.2 mph (5.1 kph).

The John Deere E160 is equipped with a manual steering system, wet disc brakes, 15x6.00-6 front tires, and 20x10.00-8 rear tires. The wheelbase is 49 in (1240 mm). Compatible attachments for the tractor: a 48" mid-mount 3-blade mower deck with cutting height of 1.0-4.0 in (25-102 mm), 44" front-mount two-stage snowblower with manual lift system, and 46" front-mount blade.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine won't start or difficult to start
Gas tank is empty - Fill it up
Wrong grade of gasoline - Change gasoline
Air in the fuel system - Air bleeding
Spark plug wire is loose or disconnected - Inspect the spark plug wire connection, replace or repair
Spark plug is defective - Change spark plug
Fuel filter is plugged - Change fuel filter
Defective safety switch - Replace if required
Carburetor is not adjusted - Check carburetor float adjustment
Bad engine compression - Inspect cylinder block and replace worn components
Damaged or incorrectly adjusted choke cable - Adjust properly or replace the cable
Engine runs unevenly
Cooling fins are blocked - Clean and wash as required
Ignition system malfunction - Inspect ignition system and change failed components
Defective or stuck throttle cable - Service or replace the cable
Air filter element is clogged - Change or service air filter
Clogged or defective fuel pump - Clean or install new fuel pump
Engine starts and stops
Defective spark plug - Change spark plug
Dirty or faulty carburetor - Clean or change carburetor
Ignition coil is defective - Install a new ignition coil
Valve springs are damaged or weak - Replace valve springs
Valves are stuck - Valves need to be cleaned
Engine overheats
Engine oil level is insufficient - Need to add engine oil
Excessive engine load - Reduce the load
Clogged cooling fins - Clean and wash as required
Too lean carburetor mixture - Set the carburetor properly
Ignition timing is incorrect - Adjust ignition timing as required
Valve setting is incorrect - Set the valves correctly
Abnormal engine knocking or noise
Stale fuel - Use correct gasoline
Engine is running overloaded - Reduce load
Engine oil level is low - Check oil level and add oil as required
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Need to adjust idle speed
Fuel pump is dirty or defective - Clean or replace fuel pump
Crankshaft or main bearings wear - Repair or replace defective parts
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance
Damaged cylinder bore or piston rings - Replace faulty components
Lack of engine power
Carburetor is clogged or incorrectly adjusted - Clean or correctly adjust carburetor
Air filter element is plugged - Replace or service air filter
Fuel pump is dirty or defective - Check fuel pump and change if required
Defective ignition system - Inspect ignition system and change failed components
Worn cylinder head gasket - Install new cylinder head gasket
Valves are burned or stuck - Service or change valves
Bent or worn push rod - Install a new push rod
Worn cylinder block components - Replace defective parts
Engine using too much gasoline
Choke doesn't open well - Adjust or replace choke cable
Improper carburetor main jet adjustment - Adjust main jet as required
Spark plug is defective or loose - Spark plug need to be tightened or replaced
Valves are worn, stuck, or burned - Replace or clean valves
Worn sleeve, piston, or rings - Replace faulty components
Improper valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Engine using too much oil
Seals or gaskets are defective - Defective components must be replaced
Worn valve stems and valve guides - Replace the valves
Piston rings are seized or worn - Have piston rings replaced
Worn cylinder liner or piston - Check piston and liner, replace as required
Plugged breather pipe or hose - Change or service

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
HST transmission noises
Bent or unadjusted speed control pedal linkage - Repair or adjust linkage
Excessive loading - Load needs to be reduced
Oil is dirty or oil level is too low - Change transmission oil or top up to proper level
Damaged or worn components of transmission - After disassembling and inspection, change faulty components
Hard shifting
Shift linkage is corroded or worn - Lubricate or replace linkage
Defective or stuck hydrostatic pump - Replace or repair pump
Transmission shift control components are worn or unadjusted - Adjust correctly or replace
Loss of power
Transmission oil level is low - Check and refill the transmission oil
Drive pulley is worn or faulty - Replace pulley
Shifting linkage is broken or misadjusted - Replace or adjust linkage
Defective or not adjusted speed control pedal linkage - Adjust or repair linkage
Transmission leaking
Broken transmission gaskets or seals - Install new seals or gaskets
Final drive shaft leaks - Change shaft seals
Transmission housing is cracked - Housing needs to be replaced

Mower Deck Troubleshooting
Mower vibrates too much
Drive pulley of mower deck is damaged or dirty - Replace or service pulley
Loose or defective drive belt - Change belt or adjust belt tension
Mower blades are not balanced or warped - Balance or change as needed
Blade bolts are not tightened well - Tighten bolts as required
Discharge chute is constantly plugged
High ground speed - Need to slow down
Long grass - Must be set to low cutting height
Reduced engine speeds - Adjust carburetor to higher rpm
Low cutting height - Change cutting height adjustment
Improper drive belt installation - Install drive belt correctly
Mower leaving random uncut of grass
Deck is plugged with grass - Inspect and clean cutting deck
Not sharp blades - Sharpen the blades
Blades are worn or damaged - Blades need to be replaced
Ground speed is too fast - Select a slower speed
Cutting height is too low - Adjust mower to higher cutting height
Full bagger - Remove grass from bagger
Blades scalp the grass
Bumpy or not smooth lawn - Lawn needs to be leveled
Mower cuts too low - Adjust mower to higher cutting height
Fast ground speed - Use a lower speed
Mower deck is not leveled properly - Level the deck correctly
Damaged or bent blades - Replace the blades
Tires are not properly inflated - Need to inflate tires
Uneven cut
Low tire pressure - Correct tire pressure
Deck is not leveled correctly - Deck should be adjusted correctly
Blades are excessively dull - Need to sharpen the blades
Blades are worn or damaged - Blades need to be replaced
Discharge chute is plugged - Clean mower deck as required
Broken mower deck shell - Replace or rebuild mower deck
Bent or loose mower spindle - Spindle needs to be repaired or replaced

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Loose or corroded electrical wiring connections - Tighten or service connections
Faulty battery terminal connectors - Install new terminal connectors
Battery bad cell - Battery change required
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery power - Low battery charging, charge as required
Battery drains quickly - Service or change the battery
Terminals are faulty or battery cables are disconnected - Connect wiring correctly or install new terminals
Starter doesn't crank
Battery is drained or defective - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced
Battery cables are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check cables and connect as needed
Low battery power - Battery is drained, charge it
Spark plug faulty or incorrectly gapped - Replace or clean and gap
Solenoid or starter motor is faulty - Starter/solenoid needs to be replaced




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