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John Deere 160 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 160 is a two-wheel drive lawn tractor from Late 100 series. This model was manufactured between 1986 and 1988.

The components of John Deere 160 driveline system: a 28.2 cubic inches (460 cc) Kawasaki FB460V four-cycle OHV single cylinder forced air-cooled gasoline engine with a maximum power of 12.5 Hp (9.3 kW) and Peerless 801-038A belt-driven gear transmission with 5 forward and 1 reverse gears. The engine has a float fixed main jet carburetor, diaphragm type pulse pump, and semi-cyclone type air cleaner with dual element.

The maximum forward speed - 4.9 mph (7.9 kph), max. reverse speed - 2.3 mph (3.7 kph). The John Deere 160 tractor is equipped with 15x6.00-6 front tyres and 18x8.50-8 rear tyres. The wheelbase is 44.7" (1130 mm). The John Deere 160 is compatible with 36", 38" mid-mount 2-blade rear-discharge mower decks with cutting height of 1.5-3.5 in (38-90 mm), 42" front-mount blade with manual lift, and 38" front-mount snowblower.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine hard to start or doesn't start
No fuel in fuel tank - Fill it up
Low-quality gasoline - Change fuel
Water or air in fuel system - Remove air or water from system
Spark plug wire is loose or disconnected - Inspect the spark plug wire connection, replace or repair
Spark plug is faulty - Spark plug need to be replaced
Clogged fuel filter - Change fuel filter
Brake pedal not depressed - Press the brake pedal
Incorrect carburetor adjustment - Adjust carburetor idle mixture screw
Engine has bad compression - Check cylinder block and change wear parts
Unadjusted or worn throttle cable - Replace cable or adjust correctly
Irregular engine running
Air intake screen is plugged - Need to wash or clean
Ignition system malfunction - Inspect ignition system and change failed components
Faulty or stuck choke cable - Change or service the cable
Air filter is blocked - Change or clean air filter
Fuel pump is defective or dirty - Service or replace fuel pump
Engine starts and then shuts off
Damaged spark plug - Change spark plug as required
Carburetor is clogged or faulty - Replace or service carburetor
Damaged ignition coil - Ignition coil should be replaced
Damaged or weak valve springs - Install new valve springs
Valves are stuck - Valves need to be cleaned
Engine overheats
Engine oil insufficient - Fill up the engine oil
Engine is overloaded - Reduce the load
Air intake screen is blocked - Need to wash or clean
Carburetor mixture is too lean - Adjust carburetor properly
Wrong ignition timing - Ignition timing needs to be set properly
Valve setting is incorrect - Valves needs to be adjusted properly
Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Stale fuel - Change fuel
Engine overload - Reduce the load
Low engine oil level - Fill up the engine oil
Incorrect low idle setting - Adjust idling as required
Dirty or faulty fuel pump - Check fuel pump and change if required
Worn crankshaft or main bearings - Change or repair worn components
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Piston rings or cylinder bore are worn - Change faulty components
Engine loses power
Improperly or clogged carburetor - Clean or properly adjust carburetor
Air filter is blocked - Clean or change air filter
Fuel pump is dirty or defective - Clean or replace fuel pump
Ignition system failure - Test ignition and replace failed parts
Blown cylinder head gasket - Replace cylinder head gasket
Stuck or burned valves - Service or change valves
Worn or damaged push rod - Push rod needs to be changed
Cylinder block components are faulty - Change defective components
Engine using too much gasoline
Choke opening is not full - Replace or adjust choke cable
Carburetor main jet adjustment is improper - Adjust the carburetor main jet properly
Defective or loose spark plug - Re-tighten or replace spark plug
Valves are stuck, worn, or burned - Service or change valves
Worn sleeve, rings, or piston - Replace faulty parts as required
Valve clearance is improper - Check and adjust
Engine using too much oil
Seals or gaskets are defective - Replace worn parts to avoid leaks
Valve stems and guides are worn - Change the valves
Piston rings are defective or worn - Replace piston rings
Scored cylinder liner or piston - Check piston and liner, change as required
Breather pipe or hose is clogged - Service or change

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gear hard to shift
Stuck or damaged gear shift linkage - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Worn or bent shift forks - Replace defective shift forks
Defective parts in the gearshift mechanism - Replace defective parts
Transmission is excessively noisy
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Add fluid as required
Transmission fluid is contaminated - Fill up with new transmission fluid
Bearings or gears are worn - Replace bearings or gears
Transmission pops out of gear
Improperly installed or damaged shifting lever - Replace or install shift lever correctly
Gears are worn or damaged - Change gears
Shift rods or shift forks are faulty - Replace defective forks or rods
Transmission slips
Worn drive shaft/belt or improper drive shaft/belt adjustment - Replace belt/shaft or adjust it
Improper clutch/brake adjustment or faulty clutch/brake - Install a new brake/clutch or adjust it
Drive pulley is damaged or worn - Install a new pulley

Mower Deck Troubleshooting
Excessive mower vibration
Drive sheave of mower deck is dirty or worn - Replace or service sheave
Defective or loose drive belt - Adjust belt tension or install a new belt
Bent or unbalanced cutting blades - Balance blades or replace it
Blade bolts are not tightened well - Bolts need to be tightened
Discharge chute is constantly plugged
Fast ground speed - Use a slower speed
Long grass - Need to set low cutting height
Engine rpm is too low - Open choke fully
Low cutting height - Use correct cutting height
Drive belt installation is not correct - Check drive belt for correct installation
Uncut grass when mowing
Discharge area is clogged - Clean mower deck as required
Blades are too dull - Sharpen the blades
Damaged or worn blades - Install new blades
Fast mowing speed - Need to slow down
Cutting height is too low - Must be set to high cutting height
Filled grass bag - Remove grass from bag
Blade scalped grass
Lawn is not level or bumpy - Roll or level the lawn
Cutting level is too low - Use a higher cutting height
High mowing speed - Need to slow down
Mower deck is not leveled properly - Deck needs to be adjusted properly
Blades are worn or bent - Install new blades
Tires are not properly inflated - Need to inflate tires
Mower cutting is uneven
Low tire inflation - Correct tire pressure
Incorrectly leveled mower deck - Deck should be adjusted correctly
Not sharp blades - Sharpen the blades
Blades are defective or worn - Change the blades
Deck clogged with grass clippings - Inspect and clean cutting deck
Broken mower deck housing - Replace or rebuild mower deck
Mower spindle is loose or defective - Change or repair the spindle

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged
Loose or corroded cable connections - Service or tighten cable connections
Battery terminal connectors are faulty - Replace terminal connectors
Battery faulty cell - Install a new battery
Starter cranks slow
Low battery output - Recharge the battery
Battery runs out quickly - Service charging system or replace battery
Corroded battery terminals or disconnected wires - Check cable connections and change or clean terminals
Starter will not crank
Battery is drained or defective - Recharge or replace battery
Battery cables are disconnected or improperly connected - Inspect cables and connect properly
Low battery output voltage - Battery needs to be recharged
Spark plug gapped improperly or faulty - Clean, gap or change spark plug
Starter motor or solenoid failing - Starter/solenoid should be replaced




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