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Case IH 2096 Troubleshooting

The Case IH 2096 is a 96 series row-crop tractor. This model was manufactured from 1985 to 1989. The Case IH 2096 is equipped with a 359 cubic inches (5.9 liters) Cummins B6T-590 4-stroke 6-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine rated at 115,3 Hp (86 kW). The compression ratio is 17.5:1. The power shift transmission includes a dry clutch and gearbox with 12 forward and 3 reverse gears.

Max. forward speed - 18,1 mph (29,2 kph), maximum reverse speed - 8,1 mph (12,9 kph). The closed center hydraulic system includes a piston pump with a flow of 23 gpm (87,1 lpm). The main relief pressure is 155 bar (2250 psi).

The 2WD models are equipped with 11.00-16 front tyres and 18.4-38 rear tyres. The 16.9-28 front tyres and 18.4-38 rear tyres fit 4WD tractors. The wheel base is 108 in (2740 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine starts up hard or will not start

Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Fuel filter plugging - Service the filter.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Check and replace nozzles if required.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
Incorrect valve clearance - Need to adjust valve clearance.
Faulty fuel injection pump - Replace injection pump or repair it.

Engine starts but then stalls

Clogged air cleaner - Service air cleaner.
Fuel filter plugged - Service the filter.
Fuel injection pump leakage - Check the fuel injection pump for leaks and fix it.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Replace or repair injection pump.

Engine stops running suddenly

Low coolant temperature - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine.
Fuel filter plugged - Replace the filter element.
Air in the fuel system - Air bleeding.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Check and replace nozzles if required.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Check the fuel injection pump timing adjustment.

Engine stops at low idle speed

Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust the low idle speed.
Faulty fuel injection pump - Rebuild or replace pump.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Adjust valve clearance.

Engine loses power

Restricted intake air - Clean or replace the element.
Faulty or dirty injection nozzles - Change fuel injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly.
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Adjust low idle speed.
Dirt in the fuel hoses or lines - Fuel lines and hoses need to be cleaned.
Damaged cylinder-head gasket - Install new cylinder head gasket.
Defective or worn piston rings - Change piston rings.

Engine overheating

Insufficient coolant fluid - Add coolant and check the components of cooling system.
Engine oil insufficient - Fill the crankcase with engine oil.
Clogged radiator core or leaking radiator cap - Clean radiator or replace cap.
Fan belt is broken or worn - Replace as required.
Engine overload - Reduce engine load.

Low oil pressure

Engine oil insufficient - Fill crankcase to proper oil level.
Dirty oil filter element - Service or change engine oil filter element.
Oil grade or viscosity is incorrect - Use the specified type of engine oil.
Crankshaft bearing has excessive oil clearance - Bearing replacement required.
Worn oil pump - Replace as required.

Engine knocking or noise

Not enough engine oil - Fill up the engine oil.
Engine not warmed up - Warm up engine as required.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust the pump as required.
Too low idle RPM - Adjust low idle speed.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Test and replace fuel injectors if necessary.
Connecting rod is worn or not aligned - Align or change connecting rod.
Worn or scored pistons - Replace the pistons.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Transmission oil pressure is low

Transmission fluid level is low - Check and refill the transmission fluid.
Clogged transmission oil filter element (if fitted) - Service or change transmission oil filter.
Relief valve is damaged - Replace valve as required.

Transmission makes excessive noise

Transmission fluid insufficient - Fill the transmission housing to proper fluid level.
Transmission oil contamination - Transmission oil change required.
Backlash is incorrect or gears are damaged - Install new gears and adjust backlash properly.
Worn or broken bearings - Replace faulty bearings.
Damaged or worn gear shift forks - Change the shift forks.
Damaged or worn shaft splines - Shaft need to be changed.

Difficulty shifting gears

Stuck or worn gear shift linkage - Install a new gear shift linkage.
Worn or bent gear shift forks - Install new shift forks.
Defective parts in the gearshift mechanism - Replace defective parts.
Malfunction or incorrect clutch adjustment - Clutch needs to be adjusted or changed.

External fluid leaks

Transmission oil level is high - Correct the oil volume.
Seals or gaskets are worn - Install new seal or gaskets.

Hydraulic System Troubleshooting
Low hydraulic system pressure

Hydraulic oil level low - Need to add oil.
Dirty hydraulic fluid filter element - Service or replace the hydraulic filter.
Damaged hydraulic pump - Repair or replace hydraulic oil pump.
Hydraulic control valve is set improperly - The control valve must be set correctly.
Hydraulic cylinder not working - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Hydraulic piping is leaking - Check the system and repair leaks.

Hydraulic system overheated

Main relief valve malfunctioning - Change relief valve.
Incorrect hydraulic oil type - Use the correct type of hydraulic oil.
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed.
Air in hydraulic pipes - Bleed hydraulic pipes.

3-point hitch cannot be raised or raising is too slowly

Heavy load on the hitch - The load should be reduced.
Hydraulic fluid level low - Add fluid as required.
Dirty hydraulic oil filter element - Clean the hydraulic filter or install new filter element.
Hydraulic pump failure - Change or repair hydraulic oil pump.
Main relief valve malfunction - Relief valve must be changed.
Hydraulic control valve block is damaged - Repair or replace the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Suction pipe is disconnected or broken - Connect or replace pipe.

Hitch not lowering or hitch lowers slowly

Hydraulic control valve is out of adjustment - Need to make adjustment.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Change or repair hydraulic cylinder.
The three-point hitch is not adjusted - The 3-point hitch must be adjusted.
Damaged lift arm shaft - Replace the shaft.

Hitch jerks when drop or lift

There is air in the hydraulic system - Bleed hydraulic system.
Hydraulic fluid is dirty - Hydraulic fluid change required.
Hydraulic pump failure - Repair or replace hydraulic oil pump.
Defective hydraulic spool valve - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Damaged hydraulic cylinder - Change or repair hydraulic cylinder.

Steering Troubleshooting
Steering is stiff

Worn or incorrectly fitted steering column - Replace the steering column or refit it correctly.
Air in steering system - Bleed air.
Not adjusted toe-in - Check toe-in and correct.
Front tyres are worn unevenly - Install new tyres.
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Steering pump needs to be repaired or replaced.
Stuck or worn pump flow control valve - Replace or clean flow control valve.
Low steering fluid level - Fill the steering system with fluid.

Excessive steering wheel play

Worn steering column shaft or coupling - Change faulty part.
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Steering pump needs to be repaired or replaced.
Worn or loose steering linkage joints - Inspect and change as required.

Tractor pulls to left or right

Front tires are worn unevenly - Install new tires.
Not adjusted toe-in - Check toe-in and correct.
Steering linkage joints are worn or loose - Inspect and replace as required.
Defective or improperly adjusted front wheel bearings - Change or adjust bearings correctly.

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge

Electrical cable connections are loose or corroded - Clean or tighten wiring connections.
Battery terminal clamps are defective - Replace terminal clamps.
Defective battery - Battery replacement required.
Loose or worn belt - Need to adjust belt tension or replace belt.

Starter cranks slowly

Low battery voltage - Charge the battery.
Battery discharges quickly - Battery needs service or replacement.
Faulty battery terminals or disconnected cables - Connect wires properly or change terminals.

Starter does not work

Battery is low or faulty - Recharge or replace battery.
Battery wiring is disconnected or improperly connected - Inspect wiring and connect as required.
Low battery power - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor is defective - Starter needs to be replaced.



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