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Case IH 2294 Troubleshooting

The Case IH 2294 is a four-wheel drive or two-wheel drive row-crop tractor. This model was manufactured between 1984 and 1988. The components of IH 2294 powerline system: 504 cu.in (8.3 L) Case 504BDT six-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine and 3-speed power shift transmission with 12 forward and 3 revers gears.

The engine has a cylinder bore of 4.63" (117 mm), piston stroke of 5.0" (127 mm), rated power of 154 Hp (114.8 kW), and maximum torque of 637 Nm (471.8 lb-ft) at 1575 rpm. The maximum travel speed (forward and reverse) is 18.1 mph (29.2 kph) and 8.1 mph (12.2 kph).

The closed center hydraulic system used a piston pump with rated capacity of 23 gallons per minute (87 liters per minute). The hydraulic system pressure is 2250 psi (155 bar). The rear lift capacity is 6600 lbs (2995 kg) at 600mm behind pin. The 2WD models are equipped with 11.00x16 front tyres and 18.4x38 rear tyres. The 14.9x28 front tyres and 18.4x38 rear tyres fit 4WD tractors. The wheelbase is 104 inches (2640 mm).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine hard to start or doesn't start

Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Clean or replace the filter.
Fuel injection nozzles fault - If necessary, replace with a new nozzle.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
Excessive valve clearance - Correct valve clearance.
Fuel injection pump damage - Repair or install a new fuel pump.

Diesel starts but stalls suddenly

Dirty air filter - Clean or change.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Filter maintenance required.
Fuel injection pump leakage - Check the fuel injection pump for leaks and fix it.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Faulty fuel injection pump - Rebuild or install a new injection pump.

Engine shuts off while running

Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature - Warm up the engine.
Fuel filter plugging - Replace filter element.
Air in the fuel pipes - Bleed the fuel pipes.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Change fuel injection nozzles.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Set it up as required.

Engine stalls when idle

Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjust the low idle speed.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Repair or replace injection pump.
Defective fuel injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Valve clearance is wrong - Check and adjust.

Loss of engine power

Dirty air cleaner - Replace air filter element.
Clogged or burnt injection nozzle - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Correct the pressure settings.
Improper valve clearance - Correct valve clearance needs to be set.
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Adjust low idle speed.
Fuel lines or hoses are clogged - Service fuel lines and hoses.
Blown cylinder head gasket - Cylinder-head gasket replacement required.
Piston rings are worn or damaged - Piston rings replacement required.

Engine overheated

Lack of coolant in cooling system - Fill radiator to proper level and check components for faults.
Insufficient engine oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Dirty radiator core or faulty radiator cap - Clean radiator or replace cap.
Damaged or worn fan belt - Fan belt must be replaced.
Engine is running overloaded - Load reducing is recommended.

Oil pressure is insufficient

Engine oil insufficient - Fill crankcase to proper oil level.
Clogged oil filter - Clean or replace engine oil filter element.
Wrong oil viscosity - Drain crankcase and refill with correct oil.
Incorrect crankshaft bearing oil clearance - Bearings need to be reinstalled.
Defective oil pump - Remove and inspect oil pump.

Engine noises or knocks

Engine oil level is low - Check oil level and add oil as required.
Engine is not preheated - Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature.
Timing of fuel injection pump is incorrect - Adjust fuel injection pump as required.
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Correct the settings.
Clogged or defective injectors - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is misaligned or defective - Need to change or align the connecting rod.
Worn or broken pistons - Replace the pistons.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Transmission fluid pressure is insufficient

Lack of transmission fluid - Check and refill the transmission fluid.
Dirty transmission fluid filter element (if equipped) - Replace or service transmission fluid filter.
Defective relief valve - Replace valve as required.

Transmission noise

Lack of transmission oil supply - Check and refill the transmission oil.
Transmission oil contamination - Fill up with fresh transmission oil.
Gears are damaged or backlash is incorrect - Adjust backlash properly or replace the gears.
Bearings are broken or worn - Bearings need to be replaced.
Damaged or worn gear shift forks - Replace the shift forks.
Shaft splines are worn or damaged - Shaft need to be replaced.

Difficulty shifting gears

Corroded or worn gear shift linkage - Lubricate or replace shift linkage.
Worn or damaged gear shift forks - Install new shift forks.
Worn out parts of the gearshift mechanism - Replace worn parts.
Clutch is out of adjustment or defective - Adjust or install new clutch.

Transmission fluid leakage

Too much oil in transmission - Drain the excess oil.
Damaged seals or gaskets - Install new components.

Hydraulic System Troubleshooting
Low hydraulic oil pressure

Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Clogged hydraulic fluid filter element - Change the hydraulic filter element or service if required.
Damaged hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Hydraulic control valve is not set properly - Adjust properly.
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Leaks in hydraulic pipes - Inspect the system for leaks and fix it.

Hydraulic system is overheated

Damaged main relief valve - Change relief valve.
Incorrect hydraulic oil type - Use the correct type of hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil.
Air in hydraulic lines - Bleed hydraulic lines.

3-point hitch fails to lift or lifts slowly

Excessive loading on the hitch - The load should be reduced.
Hydraulic fluid level low - Add fluid as required.
Hydraulic fluid filter element is clogged - Install a new hydraulic filter element.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Repair or replace hydraulic oil pump.
Faulty main relief valve - Replace relief valve.
Faulty hydraulic spool valve - Repair or change the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.
Loose or broken suction line - Tighten the pipe or replace it.

Three-point hitch cannot be dropped or dropping is too slow

Hydraulic control valve is set improperly - The control valve must be set correctly.
Hydraulic cylinder not working - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Three-point hitch has not been adjusted - Adjust the 3-point hitch.
Worn hitch rock shaft - Replace the shaft.

Hitch lift or drop is not smoothly

Air in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil.
Defective hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Faulty hydraulic spool valve - Install a new valve or repair it.
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Change or repair hydraulic cylinder.

Steering Troubleshooting
Steering is stiff

Defective or incorrectly mounted steering column - Change steering column or mount correctly.
Air in steering system - Air-bleed steering system.
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in properly.
Uneven wear on front tires - Replace the tires.
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Replace or repair steering pump.
Stuck or faulty steering pump control valve - Install a new flow control valve or clean it.
Steering oil level low - Add oil to steering system.

Excessive free play of steering wheel

Steering column coupling or shaft is extremely worn out - Change defective component.
Hydraulic steering pump is defective - Replace or repair steering pump.
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Replace or repair steering linkage.

Tractor is pulling to left or right

Front tires are worn unevenly - Install new tires.
Improper toe-in - Adjust toe-in wheels.
Loose or worn steering linkage parts - Check and change as required.
Damaged or improperly adjusted or worn front wheel bearings - Replace the bearings or adjust it properly.

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged

Loose or corroded wire connections - Tighten or service connections.
Electrical terminal connectors are faulty - Change terminal connectors.
Battery failing - Install a new battery.
Loose or worn belt - Belt needs to be adjusted or changed.

Starter motor turns slow

Low battery output - Low battery charging, charge as required.
Battery is draining quickly - Service charging system or change battery.
Disconnected wires or corroded battery terminals - Connect cables properly or replace terminals.

Starter does not work

Battery is low or faulty - Recharge or change battery.
Battery wires are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check wires and connect correctly.
Low battery power - Charge the battery.
Faulty starter motor - Starter should be replaced.



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MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
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