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Case IH 885 XL Troubleshooting

The Case IH 885XL utility tractor manufactured from 1985 to 1990. The components of Case 885 XL powerline system: Case International D268 four-stroke 4-cylinder direct injection diesel engine and Torque Amplifier transmission with 16 forward and 8 reverse gears.

A 268 cubic inches engine has a cylinder bore of 3.94" (100 mm), piston stroke of 5.50" (140 mm), rated power of 83 Hp (61.9 kW), and max torque of 296 Nm (219.1 lb-ft) at 1300 rpm. The max. forward speed - 22.4 mph (36 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with rated capacity of 12.4 gallons per minute (46.9 liters per minute). The main relief pressure is 2600 psi (180 bar). The Case IH 885XL was equipped with a hydrostatic steering system, wet disc brakes, 12.4x24 front tires, and 16.9x34 rear tires. The wheelbase is 85.4 in (2160 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine starts hard or will not start

Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Fuel filter plugging - Clean or change the filter.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Install a new kit of correctly balanced nozzles.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
Excessive valve clearance - Check and adjust.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Rebuild or change fuel pump.

Engine starts and then shuts off

Clogged air cleaner - Service or replace the air filter.
Dirty fuel filter - Clean or change the filter.
Fuel injection pump is leaking - Repair any leaks.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Fuel injection pump is broken - Repair or install new pump.

Engine stalls while running

Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature - Warm up the engine.
Dirty fuel filter - Clean or replace the filter.
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Clogged or defective injection nozzles - If necessary, replace with a new nozzle.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.

Engine stops while idle

Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Correct the settings.
Fuel injection pump is not working correctly - Rebuild or change fuel pump.
Fuel injector fault - Replace fuel injectors.
Incorrect valve clearance - Check and adjust.

Engine power loss

Clogged air filter element - Air filter maintenance required.
Faulty fuel injection nozzles - Install a new kit of correctly balanced nozzles.
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Correct the pressure settings.
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Need to adjust valve clearance.
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjustment required.
Fuel lines or hoses clogging - Clean fuel hoses and lines.
Leaking cylinder head gasket - Change cylinder head gasket.
Piston rings are broken or leaking - Install new piston rings.

Engine overheats

Engine has a lack of coolant - Fill radiator to proper level and check components for faults.
Not enough engine oil - Fill up the oil to required level.
Dirty radiator fins or faulty radiator cap - Replace cap or clean radiator.
Fan belt is broken or worn - Belt replacement is recommended.
Engine overloaded - Load reducing required.

Oil pressure is low

Lack of oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Plugged engine oil filter - Service or replace engine oil filter.
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use correct viscosity oil.
Crankshaft bearing has excessive oil clearance - Change bearings.
Oil pump is defective - Remove and inspect oil pump.

Engine noises or knocks

Engine oil level is low - Fill up the oil to required level.
Engine is not preheated - Warm up engine as required.
Incorrect adjustment of fuel injection pump timing - Set the fuel pump timing correctly.
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Normalize low idle speed.
Dirty or defective injectors - Test and replace fuel injectors if necessary.
Connecting rod is defective or not aligned - Connecting rod needs to be replaced or aligned.
Pistons are broken or worn - Install new pistons.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Insufficient transmission oil pressure

Insufficient transmission fluid - Checking transmission fluid level and add if necessary.
Clogged transmission oil filter element (if fitted) - Clean or change transmission oil filter.
Relief valve is stuck - Install a new relief valve.

Transmission makes noise

Lack of transmission fluid - Need to add transmission fluid.
Transmission oil contamination - Transmission oil change required.
Damaged gears or incorrect backlash - Change the gears or set backlash properly.
Worn or cracked bearings - Replace faulty bearings.
Worn or bent shift forks - Install new shift forks.
Damaged or worn shaft splines - Change defective shaft.

Difficult to shift gears

Gear shift linkage is corroded or worn - Install a new gear shift linkage.
Shift forks are bent or worn out - Install new shift forks.
Defective parts in the gearshift mechanism - Replace defective parts.
Clutch is worn or not adjusted - Adjust or change the clutch.

Transmission fluid leakage

High transmission fluid level - Drain the excess fluid.
Broken seals or gaskets - Change defective gaskets or seal.

Hydraulic System Troubleshooting
Low hydraulic oil pressure

Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Dirty hydraulic fluid filter element - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary.
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Install a new hydraulic oil pump.
Hydraulic control valve is not set properly - Adjust properly.
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Install a new hydraulic cylinder or repair it.
Leaking hydraulic pipes - Check the system and repair leaks.

Hydraulics overheating

Main relief valve malfunctioning - Relief valve replacement required.
Hydraulic fluid type is improper - The proper type of fluid must be used.
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Fill up with new hydraulic fluid.
Air in hydraulic pipes - Bleed hydraulic pipes.

3-point hitch won't lift or lifts slowly

Excessive hitch loading - The load should be reduced.
Low hydraulic oil level - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Dirty hydraulic oil filter element - Change hydraulic filter element or clean if necessary.
Faulty hydraulic pump - Repair or replace hydraulic oil pump.
Main relief valve malfunctioning - Relief valve replacement required.
Defective hydraulic control valve block - Repair or change the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.
Disconnected or broken suction line - Change or connect properly.

3-point hitch does not lower or lowers very slowly

Hydraulic spool valve is out of adjustment - Spool valve adjustment required.
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Change or repair hydraulic cylinder.
The 3-point hitch is not adjusted - Adjust three-point hitch as required.
Worn lift arm shaft - Install a new shaft.

Hitch drop or lift is jerky

Air in hydraulic pipes - Bleed hydraulic pipes.
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil.
Faulty hydraulic pump - Replace or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Damaged hydraulic control valve - Repair or replace hydraulic valve.
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Install a new hydraulic cylinder or repair it.

Steering System Troubleshooting
Stiff steering

Improperly fitted or damaged steering column - Refit or change the steering column.
Air in steering system - Need to bleed air.
Improper toe-in - Check toe-in and correct.
Front tyres wear unevenly - Change the tyres.
Steering pump is worn - Install a new steering pump.
Damaged or stuck steering pump control valve - Clean or install new control valve.
Steering oil level low - Add oil to steering system.

Steering wheel free play is excessive

Steering column shaft or coupling is worn out - Change faulty part.
Steering pump failure - Repair or replace steering pump.
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Inspect and change as required.

Tractor is pulling to left or right

Uneven tyre pressure - Inflate the tyres properly.
Not adjusted toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in.
Worn or loose steering linkage joints - Repair or replace steering linkage.
Front wheel bearings are damaged or incorrectly adjusted - Install new bearings or adjust it correctly.

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged

Corroded or loose electrical wire connections - Tighten or service connections.
Battery terminal clamps are faulty - Replace terminal clamps.
Faulty cell in battery - Use a new battery.
Loose or worn belt - Replace belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter cranks slowly

Low battery output - Charge the battery.
Battery discharges quickly - Service battery or replace it.
Disconnected cables or faulty battery terminals - Connect wiring properly or install new terminals.

Starter motor won't turn

Battery is discharged or worn - Recharge or change battery.
Battery wiring is disconnected or improperly connected - Inspect wiring and connect as required.
Low battery power - Battery is drained, recharge it.
Faulty starter motor - Repair or change starter.



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