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Case IH 895 XL Troubleshooting

The Case IH 895XL is a 4-wheel drive utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1991 to 1994. The Case IH 895 XL is powered by Case International D268 four-cylinder direct injection liquid-cooled diesel engine with a rated power of 84 hp (62.5 kW) and 296 Nm (219.1 lb-ft) of peak torque at 1300 rpm.

The Case IH 895XL is fitted with 2 transmission options: 16x8 semi powershift transmission, or synchronized shuttle transmission with 8 forward and 8 reverse gears. Maximum travel speed (forward and reverse): 22.4 mph (36 km/h) / 25.2 mph (40.5 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with rated fluid flow of 13.5 gpm (51 liters per minute). The main relief pressure is 180 bar (2600 psi). The tractor was equipped with 7.50R16 front tires and 16.9R34 rear tires. The wheelbase is 88.6 inches (2250 mm). The Case IH 895 XL is compatible with Case 2255 loader with a lift capacity to maximum height of 2500 lbs (1134 kg), and breakout force of 3500 lbs (1587 kg).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine difficult to start or won't start

Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Dirty fuel filter - Service the filter.
Fuel injection nozzles fault - Clean or change injection nozzles.
Water in the fuel system - Change fuel and repair fuel system.
Excessive valve clearance - Have it adjusted.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Replace or rebuild injection pump.

Engine starts but stops suddenly

Dirty air filter - Clean or change.
Fuel filter plugged - Clean the filter or install new filter element.
Fuel injection pump has loose connections - Tighten the connections.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Rebuild or replace pump.

Engine shuts off while running

Engine is cold - Warm up the engine.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Service the filter.
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Fuel injection nozzles are dirty or defective - Test injection nozzles and change if necessary.
Timing of fuel injection pump is incorrect - Adjust the pump as required.

Engine stalls at idle

Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Adjust as required.
Fuel injection pump is defective - Repair or install a new fuel pump.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Test and replace fuel injectors if necessary.
Valve out of adjustment - Correct valve clearance.

Diesel engine is losing power

Air filter plugged - Clean or change.
Fuel injection nozzles are dirty or defective - Replace injection nozzles.
Improper fuel injection pressure - Adjust pressure to proper level.
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Adjustment procedure required.
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Adjust the low idle speed.
Clogged fuel lines or hoses - Service fuel lines and hoses.
Worn cylinder head gasket - Install new cylinder head gasket.
Piston rings are defective or leaking - Replace the piston rings as required.

Engine is overheated

Coolant level is low - Fill radiator to proper level and check components for faults.
Insufficient engine oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Radiator core is dirty or radiator cap is damaged - Replace cap or clean radiator.
Damaged or worn fan belt - The fan belt needs to be replaced.
Diesel engine is overloaded - Reduce load or shift to lower gear.

Oil pressure is insufficient

Low crankcase oil level - Fill crankcase to proper oil level.
Oil filter clogged - Clean or change engine oil filter.
Different type of engine oil - Use proper viscosity oil.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is incorrect - Install new bearings.
Worn oil pump - Repair or change.

Abnormal engine knocking or noise

Insufficient engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required.
Low coolant temperature - Warm up to required temperature.
Improper fuel injection timing - Adjust fuel injection pump as required.
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust as required.
Fuel injector fault - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Connecting rod misalignment or failure - Align or replace connecting rod.
Piston wear or scoring - Pistons need to be replaced.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Insufficient transmission oil pressure

Low fluid level - Add fluid to the transmission housing.
Transmission oil filter is dirty (if equipped) - Service or replace the transmission oil filter.
Relief valve failure - Change the valve.

Transmission noises

Lack of transmission fluid - Fill the transmission housing to proper fluid level.
Transmission fluid is contaminated - Transmission fluid change required.
Damaged gears or incorrect backlash - Adjust backlash correctly or replace the gears.
Worn or cracked bearings - Replace faulty bearings.
Worn or damaged gear shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced.
Shaft splines are stuck or worn out - Replace defective shaft.

Gear shift is hard

Stuck or worn gear shift linkage - Install new shift linkage.
Worn or damaged gear shift forks - Replace the shift forks.
Defective parts in the gearshift mechanism - Replace defective parts.
Clutch is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust or replace the clutch.

Transmission fluid leakage

Too much fluid in transmission - Excess fluid must be drained.
Worn seals or gaskets - Change defective seal or gaskets.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic oil pressure is low

Hydraulic fluid level low - Fill the system to proper hydraulic fluid level.
Clogged hydraulic fluid filter - Change the hydraulic filter element or service if required.
Defective hydraulic pump - Install a new hydraulic oil pump.
Incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve - Use the correct setting.
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.
Leaking hydraulic pipes - Check the hydraulic system and fix leaks.

Excessive hydraulic system heat

Main relief valve malfunction - Change relief valve.
Improper hydraulic fluid type - Use the proper type of hydraulic fluid.
Hydraulic fluid contamination - Change hydraulic fluid.
Air in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.

Hitch does not raise or raises very slowly

Hitch is under excessive load - Reduce hitch load.
Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Need to add oil.
Clogged hydraulic fluid filter element - Change the hydraulic filter element or service if required.
Damaged hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Damaged main relief valve - Relief valve must be changed.
Hydraulic control valve block is damaged - Install a new valve or repair it.
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.
Suction line is loose or broken - Replace or repair.

3-point hitch does not lower or lowers very slowly

Incorrect adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Adjust the spool valve correctly.
Damaged hydraulic cylinder - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Hitch is out of adjustment - Adjustment is required.
Lift arm shaft is worn - Change the shaft.

Hitch jerks when drop or lift

Air in hydraulic system - Bleed air from hydraulic system.
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic pump is defective - Install a new hydraulic fluid pump.
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective - Install a new hydraulic valve or repair it.
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel turns hard

Improperly mounted or worn steering column - Mount the steering column as required or change it.
Air in steering hydraulic system - Need to bleed air.
Incorrect toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in.
Tyre pressure is uneven - Adjust the tyre pressure.
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Steering pump needs to be replaced or repaired.
Faulty or stuck pump flow control valve - Replace or clean flow control valve.
Steering oil level is insufficient - Checking steering oil level and add it if necessary.

Excessive steering wheel free play

Steering column coupling or shaft is worn - Change defective part.
Steering pump not working - Install a new steering pump.
Steering linkage assembly is worn or loose - Replace or repair steering linkage.

Tractor pulls to right or left

Front tires are worn unevenly - Install new tires.
Not adjusted toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in.
Steering linkage components are loose or worn - Inspect and change as required.
Front wheel bearings are damaged or incorrectly adjusted - Adjust properly or replace bearings.

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged

Corroded or loose wire connections - Clean or tighten connections.
Electrical terminal connectors are faulty - Replace terminal connectors.
Battery bad cell - Battery change required.
Belt is damaged or loose - Adjust belt tension or change the belt.

Starter motor cranks slow

Battery voltage is low - Recharge the battery.
Battery does not hold charge - Service battery or change it.
Battery terminals are corroded or wires are disconnected - Connect wires correctly or change terminals.

Starter motor is not working

Battery is low or faulty - Change or recharge battery.
Wiring is incorrectly connected or disconnected - Inspect wiring and connect correctly.
Battery power is low - Battery needs to be recharged.
Starter motor is defective - Starter needs to be replaced.



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