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Ford 1320 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1320 is a 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive compact utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1987 to 1998. The Ford 1320 tractor is powered by 77.3 cubic inches Shibaura J823 3-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine with a rated power of 19 hp (14.2 kw) at 2500 rpm.

The Ford 1320 is fitted with 2 types of transmission. Type 1: gear transmission with 9 forward and 3 reverse gears. Type 2: two-range hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears. The maximum forward speed - 10.2 mph (16.4 km/h), max. reverse speed - 7.2 mph (11.6 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a rated capacity of 6.4 gpm (24.2 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 147 bar (2130 psi). The 2WD models are equipped with 6.50-10 front tyres and 12.4-16 rear tyres. The 25x8.50-14 front tyres and 13.6x16 rear tyres fit 4WD tractors. The wheel base is 63" (1600 mm). Compatible attachments for the Ford 1320 tractor: a 60" mid-mount mower deck, 78" front-mount blade, 63" front-mount snow blower, Ford 7108 front end loader, and Ford 757B backhoe.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine won't start or starts hard
Fuel filter clogging - Replace filter element
Closed fuel cock - Open fuel on-off cock to inject fuel
Air in fuel system - Air-bleed fuel system
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Install a new fuel pump or repair
Bad cylinder compression - Check cylinder block and replace damaged components
Engine shuts off unexpectedly while running
Engine is not preheated - Warm up the engine
Air in fuel system - Air-bleed fuel system
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Fuel filter is dirty - Filter maintenance required
Dirty or faulty injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Diesel starts and immediately shuts off
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Check the fuel injection pump timing setting
Fuel filter plugging - Replace the filter element
Damaged or clogged injector nozzles - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Fuel injection pump is not operating properly - Replace or repair injection pump
Air cleaner element clogging - Install new cleaner element or replace it
Engine stops while idle
Too low idle RPM - Normalize low idle speed
Defective fuel injection pump - Replace or rebuild injection pump
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Valve out of adjustment - Correct valve clearance needs to be set
Engine overheating
Insufficient coolant fluid - Fill radiator to proper level. Check the components of cooling system
Cooling system is dirty or cooling parts are failed - Change faulty components or flush the cooling system
Engine oil level low - Fill up the engine oil
Fan belt is worn or belt tension is improper - Adjust properly or replace the belt
Defective thermostat - Check and change if necessary
Low engine power
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Adjust to correct pressure
Dirty air filter - Replace filter or install new filter element
Engine oil filter is plugged - Clean or replace engine oil filter element
Engine overloaded - Load reducing required
Improper valve clearance - Correct valve clearance needs to be set
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Correct the settings
Fuel hoses or pipes are clogged - Service fuel pipes and hoses
Engine low compression: Leaking or broken valves - Have valves replaced
Engine knocks or noises
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Adjust the fuel injection pump timing correctly
Dirty or defective injector nozzles - Change injector nozzles
Lack of engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required
Engine is cold - Warm up engine as required
Crankshaft or main bearings failure - Have bearings or crankshaft replaced
Piston rings failure - Replace the piston rings as required
Loose flywheel screws - Inspect the flywheel screws and tighten securely
Engine consuming too much oil
External oil leaks: Damaged gaskets or seals - Replace to repair leaks
Oil viscosity is incorrect - Use oil of proper viscosity
Stuck or defective piston rings - Replace piston rings
Valve guides and stems are worn - Valves need to be changed
Scored cylinder liners or pistons - Check pistons and liners, replace as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge
Bad cell in battery - Replace the battery
Battery electrical wire harness failure - Inspect wires for defects, change or repair
Loose or corroded terminals and cables - Tighten or clean terminals and cables
Belt is damaged or belt tension is incorrectly adjusted - Adjust belt tension as required or change belt
Starter motor turns slow
Low battery power - Battery needs to be recharged
Battery will not hold charge - Battery needs to be serviced or replaced
Bad battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for malfunctions, replace or repair
Battery terminals and cables are loose or corroded - Tighten or service terminals and cables
Starter doesn't crank
Low battery output voltage - Charge the battery
Discharged or worn battery - Charge or change the battery
Starter motor is defective - Change or repair starter
Cables harness is improperly connected or disconnected - Inspect cables harness and reconnect it properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gears are hard to shift
Incorrectly adjusted or damaged clutch - Adjust correctly or replace
Loose or broken gear shift linkage - Service or replace shift linkage
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Change defective shift forks
Gear shifting mechanism is worn - Change worn components
Transmission fluid pressure is insufficient
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Fill the transmission housing with fluid
Transmission oil filter is plugged (if fitted) - Replace or clean transmission oil filter
Relief valve is defective - Change the valve
Transmission noises
Bearings are worn or damaged - Faulty bearings should be replaced
Not enough fluid in transmission - Check and refill the transmission fluid
Dirty transmission oil - Fill up with fresh transmission oil
Damaged gears or improper backlash - Change worn gears or set backlash correctly
Bent or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced
Transmission oil leaks
Broken gaskets or seals - Change defective gaskets or seal
Transmission housing is cracked - Replace housing or transmission assembly

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
HST transmission is excessively noisy
Low fluid level or contaminated fluid - Change fluid or top up to proper level
Speed control rod linkage is worn or not adjusted - Change or adjust rod linkage
Relief valve failure - Change the valve
Excessive loading - Reduce transmission load
Transmission parts are worm or defective - After disassembly and checking, replace worn components
Transmission oil overheated
Insufficient oil supply - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Transmission oil filter element is clogged - Change or clean the transmission oil filter
Cooling components are defective or plugged - Inspect all cooling components and service or change if necessary
Transmission is under excessive load - Reduce transmission load
Power is too low
Fluid level is low - Add transmission fluid as required
Charge pressure is too low - Check charge pressure
Relief valve is worn or damaged - Replace relief valve
Transmission oil leaking
Worn gaskets or seals - Install new components
High pressure inside the transmission case - Replace or repair defective components
Plugged oil return tube - Clean or replace return tube

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheating
Improper hydraulic system pressure setting - Set the pressure properly
Main relief valve malfunction or incorrect adjustment - Replace or set up the relief valve
Contaminated hydraulic fluid - Change hydraulic fluid
Aeration in hydraulic system - Check the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid pressure too low
Not enough hydraulic oil in the system - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic fluid filter element is dirty - Service the hydraulic filter or change if required
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve - Set properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Leakage in hydraulic pipes - Find leaks in the system and fix it
Hitch cannot be lifted or lifting is too slow
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Cold oil in hydraulic system - Wait for oil to warm up
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust or change relief valve
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Set correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Suction pipe is damaged or loose - Repair or change
Hitch not dropping or hitch drops slowly
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Replace or set properly
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Lift arm shaft is damaged - Replace the shaft
The hitch has any internal mechanical damage - Change worn or damaged hitch components
Hitch jerks when drop or lift
Air in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Hydraulic oil is dirty - Hydraulic oil change required
Hydraulic pump failure - Check pump performance and change it if necessary
Hydraulic control valve block is not set properly or defective - Adjust properly or change
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering is stiff
Worn or improperly mounted steering column - Mount the steering column properly or change it
Aeration in steering system - Bleed the steering system
Steering filter is dirty - Replace steering filter element
Improper toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Steering pump stopped working - Replace or repair steering pump
Power steering control unit is damaged or worn - Check and replace as required
Relief valve failure or seizing - Service or replace the relief valve
Insufficient steering oil - Need to add steering oil
Oil leakage in the steering system - Tighten connections of hydraulic hoses and pipes in steering system
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column shaft or coupling is worn out - Change defective part
Power steering control unit is defective or worn - Check and replace as required
Steering pump is faulty - Steering pump needs to be replaced or repaired
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are worn - Change failed component
Tractor is pulling to right or left
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Incorrect toe-in - Adjust toe-in correctly
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are defective - Change damaged component
Damaged or worn power steering control unit - Replace or repair steering unit as required
Steering cylinder is defective - Change or repair steering cylinder
Incorrectly adjusted or worn front hub bearings - Adjust correctly or replace bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294