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Ford 5600 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 5600 tractor was manufactured from 1982 to 1984. The Ford 5600 driveline system components: Ford 4-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel engine and 8x2 gear transmission, or Dual power transmission with 16 forward and 4 reverse gears.

A 233 cubic inches (3.8 L) engine has a cylinder bore of 4.2" (107 mm), piston stroke of 4.2" (107 mm), rated power of 69 hp (51.5 kW), and maximum torque of 247 Nm (182 lb-ft) at 1200 rpm. The maximum travel speed (forward/reverse): 16.8 mph (27 km/h) and 8.1 mph (13 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with rated capacity of 9.7 gpm (36.8 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 145 bar (2100 psi). The rear hitch lift capacity is 3340 lbs (1515 kg) at pin. The Ford 5600 tractor is equipped with 7.50x16 front tires, 16.9x30 rear tires, differential mechanical wet disc brakes, and power steering system. The wheelbase is 87.5 inches (2220 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine doesn't start or hard to start
Fuel filter is clogged - Replace the filter element
Fuel shut-off valve closed - Open the fuel shut-off valve
Air in fuel system - Air-bleed fuel system
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Service or change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump is not operating properly - Rebuild or replace pump
Low compression - Check cylinder block and replace worn parts
Engine stops during operation
Low coolant temperature - Warm up engine to required temperature
Water, dirt, or air in fuel system - Drain, flush, fill, and bleed system
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Fuel filter plugging - Service or replace the filter
Clogged or damaged injectors - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Engine starts and immediately stalls
Incorrectly set fuel injection pump timing - Adjust the fuel injection pump timing correctly
Fuel filter clogging - Service or replace the filter
Fuel injector nozzles are faulty - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Install a new pump or rebuild
Clogged air cleaner element - Replace cleaner or install new cleaner element
Engine stops when idling
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Correct the settings
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replace injection pump or repair it
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty - Check and change nozzles as required
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Need to adjust valve clearance
Engine overheating
Insufficient coolant fluid - The cooling system needs to be refilled. Check and repair damage to the cooling system if required
Cooling system is clogged or cooling components are defective - Service the cooling system or replace faulty components
Engine oil level is insufficient - Checking oil level and add if necessary
Damaged fan belt or unadjusted belt tension - Adjust properly or change the belt
Thermostat failure - Replace the thermostat
Diesel engine loses power
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Improper fuel injection pressure - Correct the pressure settings
Air filter element is dirty - Install new filter element or replace it
Oil filter element is dirty - Change or service engine oil filter
Engine is running overloaded - Shift to lower gear or reduce the load
Valve clearance is wrong - Check and adjust
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Correct low idle settings
Fuel pipes or hoses are dirty - Service fuel pipes and hoses
Lack of compression: Inlet or outlet valves are defective - Valve replacement required
Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Incorrectly set fuel injection pump timing - Check and correct settings
Faulty fuel injector nozzles - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Low engine oil level - Fill up the oil to required level
Engine not warmed up - Warm up engine to required temperature
Worn crankshaft or main bearings - Install new parts
Stuck or worn piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Loose flywheel screws - Check the flywheel screws and tighten as required
Excessive oil consumption
Oil leaking: Gaskets or seals may be damaged - Replace defective parts
Crankcase oil too light - Use proper viscosity oil
Piston rings are seized or worn - Change piston rings
Valve stems and guides are worn - Need to replace the valves
Pistons or cylinder liners are damaged - Inspect liners and pistons, replace as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery is not charging
Battery is defective - Battery change required
Bad battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for malfunctions, replace or repair
Loose or corroded battery cables and terminals - Tighten or service terminals and cables
Improper belt tension adjustment or damaged belt - Replace belt or properly adjust belt tension
Starter turns slowly
Low battery power - Battery is drained, charge it
Battery won’t hold charge - Service battery or replace it
Battery electrical wire harness failure - Inspect wires for defects, change or repair
Battery cables and terminals are loose or corroded - Tighten or service terminals and cables
Starter doesn't crank
Low battery voltage - Battery needs to be recharged
Discharged or defective battery - Recharge or change battery
Defective starter motor - Starter should be replaced
Disconnected or incorrectly connected cables - Need to reconnect cables correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gears are hard to shift
Misadjusted or defective clutch - Adjust clutch or change if necessary
Gear shift linkage is damaged or loose - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Bent or worn shift forks - Replace the shift forks
Defective gearshift mechanism - Replace defective components
Insufficient transmission oil pressure
Low transmission oil level - Checking transmission oil level and add if necessary
Transmission fluid filter clogging (if fitted) - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Relief valve is defective - Replace the valve
Transmission noises
Damaged or worn bearings - Change the bearings
Insufficient fluid supply - Fill up the transmission fluid
Transmission fluid contamination - Transmission fluid must be changed
Backlash is incorrect or gears are worn - Set backlash correctly or change the gears
Worn or damaged shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced
External oil leaks
Gaskets or seals are damaged - Gaskets or seal replacement required
Transmission housing is cracked - Replace housing or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is overheated
System pressure has not been adjusted correctly - Pressure needs to be adjust correctly
Main relief valve is damaged or adjusted improperly - Adjust or change relief valve
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Air in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Insufficient hydraulic oil pressure
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Replace filter element or clean if required
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Replace or adjust properly
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Hydraulic lines are leaking - Find leaks in the system and fix it
3-point hitch lifts slowly or won't lift
Lack of hydraulic oil - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic oil is too cold - Allow oil to warm
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Replace filter element or clean if required
Defective hydraulic pump - Check pump flow and change pump if necessary
Main relief valve is defective or unadjusted - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic control valve - Adjust correctly or replace
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required
Damaged or disconnected hydraulic suction pipe - Connect or replace the pipe
Three-point hitch dropping is too slow or cannot be dropped
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve - Set correctly or replace
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Damaged hitch cross shaft - Change the shaft
The hitch is defective if there is internal mechanical damage - Change damaged or worn hitch components
Jerky lifting or lowering of 3-point hitch
Air trapped in the hydraulic system - Check the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Contaminated hydraulic fluid - Change hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Check pump capacity and change if necessary
Hydraulic control valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is very heavy to turn
Steering column is defective or improperly assembled - Change steering column or assemble properly
Aeration in steering system - Bleed the system of air
Dirty steering filter - Steering filter maintenance required
Incorrect toe-in adjustment - Adjust toe-in wheels properly
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Install a new steering pump
Steering control valve is defective or worn - Change or repair steering control valve if required
Damaged steering gear box parts - Repair power steering gearbox
Relief valve is seized or worn - Replace or install new relief valve
Steering oil level is low - Fill up steering oil to required level
Steering system oil leak - Retighten the connections of the hydraulic steering lines and hoses
Excessive steering wheel play
Steering column shaft or coupling has maximum wear - Change faulty component
Steering control valve has wear or damage - Check and replace as required
Damaged steering gear box parts - Change defective steering gear box components
Steering pump not working - Steering pump needs to be replaced or repaired
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are defective - Change failed part
Front wheels wander to right or left
Low tire pressure - Inflate the tires
Improper toe-in - Check toe-in and correct
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are defective - Replace failed part
Faulty steering gear box components - Repair power steering box
Steering control valve is worn or defective - Inspect and replace as required
Front hub bearings are worn or incorrectly adjusted - Change or adjust the bearings properly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294