Home / Farm Tractors / John Deere Tractors / JD 6210

John Deere 6210 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 6210 is a 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive utility tractor from 6000 Ten series. This model was manufactured between 1999 and 2002. The JD 6210 tractor is powered by John Deere 4045T 4-cylinder turbocharged diesel engine with a max output power of 90 hp (67.1 kW) and 372 Nm (274 lb-ft) of peak torque at 1900 rev/min.

The John Deere 6210 is fitted with 3 types of transmission. 1st type: 12x4 SyncroPlus fully synchronized transmission. 2nd type: 16x16 SyncroPlus PowrReverser 4-speed powershift transmission.

3rd type: PowrQuad 4-speed powershift transmission with 24 forward and 24 reverse gears. The maximum forward speed - 25 mph (40.2 kph), maximum reverse speed - 25 mph (40.2 kph). The closed center pressure-flow compensating hydraulic system includes a variable displacement pump with a rated fluid flow of 25.4 gpm (96.1 lpm) or 18.9 gpm (71.5 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 200 bar (2900 psi).

The 2WD models are equipped with 7.50x18 front tyres and 16.9x30 rear tyres. The 12.4x24 front tyres and 16.9x30 rear tyres fit 4WD tractors. The wheel base is 94.5" (2400 mm). The John Deere 6210 is compatible with the following attachments: John Deere 620 loader with lift capacity to maximum height of 2707 lbs (1227 kg), or John Deere 640 loader with lift capacity to maximum height of 2970 lbs (1347 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine is not starting or hard starting
Fuel filter is clogged - Change filter element
No fuel injection - Open fuel cock to inject fuel
Air in fuel pipes - Bleed fuel pipes
Clogged or damaged injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Fuel injection pump is not operating properly - Replace or repair injection pump
Low engine compression - Inspect cylinder block and replace worn components
Engine stops unexpectedly while running
Engine not warmed up - Warm up the engine
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Bad fuel injection - Check and adjust
Plugged fuel filter - Filter maintenance required
Clogged fuel injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Diesel starts and immediately stops
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Repair or replace fuel injection pump
Fuel filter is clogged - Clean or change the filter
Damaged or clogged injector nozzles - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Fuel injection pump is not working correctly - Replace or rebuild injection pump
Dirty air cleaner - Service or replace the air cleaner
Engine stops while idling
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Normalize low idle speed
Fuel injection pump damage - Rebuild or replace pump
Dirty or defective injector nozzles - Service or replace nozzles if required
Improper valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Engine overheating
Coolant level is low - Top up coolant fluid. Check and repair damage to the cooling system if required
Cooling system parts are failed or system is clogged - Replace faulty parts or flush the cooling system
Engine oil level is low - Need to add engine oil
Damaged fan belt or unadjusted belt tension - Adjust correctly or install new belt
Thermostat fault - Check and change if necessary
Lack of engine power
Clogged fuel injectors - Service or change fuel injectors
Improper fuel injection pressure - Repair or replace injection pump
Dirty air filter element - Air filter maintenance required
Oil filter is dirty - Change or clean engine oil filter element
Engine is running overloaded - Load reducing is recommended
Valve clearance is not correct - Adjust valve clearance
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjust as required
Fuel pipes or hoses are clogged - Clean fuel system hoses and pipes
Insufficient engine compression: Worn or damaged valves - Valves need to be replaced
Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Incorrectly set fuel injection pump timing - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Faulty fuel injector nozzles - Service or replace nozzles if required
Engine oil level is low - Fill up the oil to required level
Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine
Main bearings or crankshaft wear - Crankshaft or bearings need to be replaced
Damaged or defective piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Flywheel mounting screws are loose - Tighten the screws
Diesel engine consuming too much oil
Oil leaks: Worn gaskets or seals - Change to repair leaks
Oil viscosity is wrong - Use correct viscosity oil
Worn or broken piston rings - Change piston rings
Damaged valve guides or valve stems - Replace the valves
Damaged pistons or cylinder liners - Check liners and pistons, install new components as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery won’t charge
Battery failing - Change the battery
Damaged battery cable harness - Check electrical cables for damage, repair or replace
Corroded or loose battery terminals and cables - Service or tighten battery terminals and cables
Defective belt or improperly adjusted belt tension - Replace belt or adjust belt tension correctly
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery power - Recharge the battery
Battery does not hold charge - Service charging system or replace battery
Battery wiring harness failure - Inspect electrical cables for defects, repair or replace
Corroded or loose cables and terminals - Clean or tighten terminals and cables
Starter motor is not working
Battery power is low - Recharge the battery
Drained or defective battery - Recharge or change battery
Starter motor is faulty - Repair or install a new starter
Improperly connected or disconnected wiring harness - Inspect wiring harness and connect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gears are hard to shift
Worn or misadjusted clutch - Adjust or install new clutch
Gear shift linkage is stuck or damaged - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Bent or worn shift forks - Change defective shift forks
Gear shifting mechanism is worn - Change worn components
Low transmission oil pressure
Low transmission oil level - Add transmission oil as required
Transmission oil filter clogging (if fitted) - Replace or service transmission oil filter
Relief valve is defective - Change relief valve
Transmission noise
Bearings are worn or damaged - Replace faulty bearings
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Fill the transmission housing with fluid
Contaminated transmission oil - Change transmission oil
Gears are worn or backlash is improper - Replace gears or adjust backlash properly
Bent or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be changed
External oil leaks
Gaskets or seals are broken - Seals and gaskets need to be replaced
Transmission housing is cracked - Replace housing or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is overheated
Hydraulic system pressure is not corrected - The pressure must be adjusted correctly
Main relief valve incorrect adjustment or failure - Adjust or change relief valve
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Aeration in hydraulic system - Check the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Insufficient hydraulic oil pressure
Hydraulic oil level is insufficient - Fill up the hydraulic oil
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Hydraulic pump failure - Flow-rate pump and change pump if necessary
Hydraulic spool valve is defective or set improper - Replace or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Leakage in hydraulic pipes - Detect leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Three-point hitch lifting is too slow or cannot be lifted
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid is too cold - Allow fluid to warm
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Hydraulic pump is defective - Check pump flow and install new pump if necessary
Main relief valve is defective or unadjusted - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic control valve block is not set properly or defective - Replace or set correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Broken or loose suction line - Retighten or change
Hitch does not lower or lowers very slowly
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve block - Adjust correctly or replace
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Hitch rock shaft is damaged - Change the shaft
Internal mechanical failure of the hitch - Replace worn or faulty hitch components
3-point hitch lift or lower is jerky
Aeration in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Set correctly or replace
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel turns hard
Steering column is worn or improperly fitted - Refit properly or change the steering column
Air trapped in the steering system - Need to bleed air
Improper toe-in adjustment - Adjust toe-in properly
Improper tire pressure - Check the pressure and inflate tires as required
Steering pump malfunction - Steering pump needs to be replaced or repaired
Hydrostatic steering unit is defective or worn - Repair or change the steering unit
Steering fluid level low - Checking steering fluid level and add it if necessary
Steering system oil leak - Tighten the steering pipe and hose joints
Steering wheel has too much free-play
Steering column coupling or shaft is extremely worn out - Replace faulty part
Hydrostatic steering unit is worn or defective - Repair or change the steering unit
Faulty steering pump - Replace or repair steering pump
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change failed part
Tractor is pulling to right or left
Low tire pressure - Inflate the tires
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in properly
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are defective - Replace damaged component
Damaged or worn hydrostatic steering unit - Repair or change the steering unit
Damaged steering cylinder - Replace or repair steering cylinder
Improperly adjusted or worn front hub bearings - Replace or adjust the bearings correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294