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Case IH 1056XL Troubleshooting

The Case International 1056 XL is a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1985 to 1992. The components of Case IH 1056XL driveline system: International Harvester D358 six cylinder diesel engine and 16x8 IH total-synchron gear transmission.

A 358 cu.in (5.9L) engine has a cylinder bore of 3.87" (98.4 mm), piston stroke of 5.06" (128.5 mm), rated power of 105 hp (78.3 kW), and maximum torque of 378 Nm (279.7 lb-ft) at 1400 rev/min. The max. travel speed (forward/reverse): 17.4 mph (28 km/h) and 6.6 mph (10.6 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with flow of 11.9 gal/min (45 l/min). The main relief pressure is 175 bar (2540 psi). The 4-wheel drive models are equipped with 13.6R28 front tires and 18.4R38 rear tires. The 7.50x20 front tires and 18.9R38 rear tires are used for tractors with 2-wheel drive. The wheelbase is 103.4 in (2620 mm) for 2WD models and 102 in (2590 mm) for 4WD models.

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Diesel hard to start or doesn't start

Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Clean or change the filter.
Defective or clogged injection nozzle - Replace injection nozzles.
Water or dirt in fuel system - Drain, flush, and service the system.
Excessive valve clearance - Correct valve clearance.
Damaged fuel injection pump - Install a new pump or rebuild.

Engine starts but then stalls

Clogged air filter element - Change air filter element.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Replace filter element.
Problems with fuel injection pump tightness - Inspect fuel injection pump for leaks.
Fuel injectors are dirty or defective - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Fuel injection pump failure - Rebuild or replace pump.

Engine shuts off while running

Low coolant temperature - Warm up to required temperature.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Service or replace the filter.
Air in fuel system - Bleed fuel system.
Clogged or burnt injection nozzle - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Wrong setting of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust the pump as required.

Engine stops at low idle speed

Incorrect low idle setting - Adjust low idling as recommended.
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Replacement or repair required.
Damaged or clogged injectors - Clean fuel injectors or change it.
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance.

Engine power loss

Plugged air filter - Clean or replace element.
Fuel injection nozzles are dirty or defective - Check and replace nozzles if required.
Uneven fuel injection pressure - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly.
Valve clearance is not correct - Have it adjusted.
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Correct low idle settings.
Clogged fuel lines or hoses - Service fuel hoses and lines.
Leaking cylinder head gasket - Gasket should be replaced.
Piston rings are worn or damaged - Change piston rings.

Engine is overheated

Coolant level is low - The cooling system needs to be refilled and checked for faults.
Engine oil insufficient - Checking oil level and add if necessary.
Radiator core is dirty or radiator cap is damaged - Clean radiator or replace cap.
Fan belt is broken or worn - Change as required.
Diesel engine is overloaded - Shift to lower gear or reduce the load.

Oil pressure is insufficient

Low oil level - Add oil as required.
Clogged oil filter - Replace or service engine oil filter.
Different type of engine oil - Use oil of proper viscosity.
Crankshaft bearing has incorrect oil clearance - Bearing needs to be changed.
Oil pump is damaged - Repair or change.

Engine noises or knocks

Not enough engine oil - Need to add engine oil.
Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature - Warm up to required temperature.
Timing of fuel injection pump is incorrect - Adjust as recommended.
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjust as required.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Replace or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod failure or misalignment - Align or replace connecting rod.
Pistons are worn or broken - Pistons need to be replaced.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Low transmission fluid pressure

Transmission oil level is low - Fill up the transmission oil.
Transmission fluid filter is clogged (if fitted) - Clean or change transmission fluid filter.
Stuck relief valve - Install a new valve.

Transmission noises

Transmission oil level is low - Need to add transmission oil.
Transmission fluid is dirty - Transmission fluid change required.
Improper backlash or worn gears - Install new gears and adjust backlash properly.
Bearings are broken or worn - Replace faulty bearings.
Shift forks are worn or bent - Change defective shift forks.
Stuck or worn shaft splines - Shaft need to be replaced.

Hard to shift gears

Gear shift linkage is worn or rusty - Install a new gear shift linkage.
Shift forks are worn or bent - Change defective shift forks.
Gear shifting mechanism is defective - Defective parts must be replaced.
Unadjusted or worn clutch - Clutch needs to be replaced or adjusted.

Transmission oil leaking

High transmission fluid level - Drain the excess fluid.
Damaged seals or gaskets - Install new components.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic oil pressure is insufficient

Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Hydraulic fluid filter element is clogged - Install a new hydraulic filter element.
Defective hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Not adjusted hydraulic control valve - Need to adjust.
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Leaks in hydraulic pipes - Check the system and repair leaks.

Hydraulics overheating

Defective main relief valve - Relief valve must be changed.
Improper hydraulic fluid type - Use the proper type of hydraulic fluid.
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil.
Air trapped in hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.

Hitch can't lift or lifts too slowly

Excessive hitch loading - Reduce the load is required.
Hydraulic fluid level low - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Clogged hydraulic oil filter element - Install a new hydraulic filter element.
Hydraulic pump is defective - Change or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Defective main relief valve - Relief valve need to be replaced.
Defective hydraulic spool valve - Replace or repair the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Repair or replace hydraulic cylinder.
Suction line is loose or broken - Replace or repair.

Hitch fails to drop or drops slowly

Hydraulic spool valve is out of adjustment - Spool valve adjustment required.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
The hitch is not adjusted - The three-point hitch must be adjusted.
Worn hitch rock shaft - Install a new shaft.

Hitch lift or drop is not smoothly

Air trapped in hydraulic system - Bleed air from system.
Contaminated hydraulic fluid - Change hydraulic fluid.
Faulty hydraulic pump - Replace or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Hydraulic spool valve block is faulty - Repair or change the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Replace or repair hydraulic cylinder.

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel turns hard

Incorrectly assembled or damaged steering column - Reassemble the steering column correctly or change it.
Air lock in hydraulic steering system - Bleed air from system.
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in properly.
Front tyres are worn unevenly - Install new tyres.
Steering pump failure - Replace or repair steering pump.
Steering pump control valve is stuck or faulty - Replace or service control valve.
Lack of steering oil - Fill the steering system with oil.

Excessive steering wheel play

Steering column coupling or shaft has maximum wear - Change defective component.
Steering pump failure - Repair or change steering pump.
Loose or worn steering linkage components - Inspect and change as required.

Tractor is pulling to left or right

Front tires are worn unevenly - Install new tires.
Incorrect toe-in - Check toe-in and correct.
Steering linkage assembly is worn or loose - Change or repair steering linkage.
Front wheel bearings are defective or improperly adjusted - Adjust properly or replace bearings.

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge

Corroded or loose wire connections - Service or tighten cable connections.
Battery terminal connectors are defective - Install new terminal connectors.
Battery faulty cell - Install a new battery.
Worn or loose belt - Replace belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter motor cranks slow

Low battery output - Charge the battery.
Battery runs out quickly - Service charging system or install new battery.
Disconnected battery cables or bad terminals - Connect wires properly or change terminals.

Starter is not cranking

Battery is discharged or worn - Need to charge or replace the battery.
Battery wires are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check wires and connect correctly.
Low battery voltage - Battery needs to be recharged.
Starter motor failing - Starter should be replaced.



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