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Case IH 385 Troubleshooting

The Case IH 385 is a 2WD or 4WD utility tractor from 85-series. This model was manufactured between 1985 and 1990. The Case IH 385 tractor is powered by D-155 3-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel engine with operating power of 46 hp (34.3 kilowatt) and 162 Nm (119 lb-ft) of peak torque at 1650 rev/min.

The IH 385 is fitted with three types of transmission. 1st type: 8x4 synchromesh transmission. 2nd type: 8x8 power shuttle transmission. Type 3: partial powershift transmission with 16 forward and 8 reverse gears. The max. travel speed (forward/reverse): 15.6 mph (25 km/h) and 18.9 mph (30.4 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a rated fluid flow of 11.3 gpm (42.8 lpm). The main relief pressure is 2500 psi (172 bar). The 4WD models are equipped with 8.3x24 front tires and 14.9x28 rear tires. The 6.00x16 front tires and 13.6x28 rear tires are used for 2WD tractors. The wheelbase is 79" (2000 mm) for models with 2-wheel drive (4x2) and 79.8" (2020 mm) for models with 4-wheel drive (4x4).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine starts hard or doesn't start

Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air.
Clogged fuel filter - Clean the filter or install new filter element.
Fuel injection nozzles are damaged or dirty - Inspect nozzles and replace if necessary.
Water in the fuel system - Change fuel and repair fuel system.
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Have it adjusted.
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Rebuild or replace pump.

Diesel starts but immediately stops

Clogged air filter element - Change air filter element.
Fuel filter element clogging - Clean the filter or install new filter element.
Poor fuel injection pump tightness - Look for any leaks of fuel pump Tighten it fast.
Dirty or defective injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors.
Defective fuel injection pump - Change or repair the pump.

Engine stalls while running

Engine is not fully warmed up - Warm up engine as required.
Fuel filter element is dirty - Service the filter.
Air in the fuel lines - Bleed the fuel lines.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Install a new kit of correctly balanced nozzles.
Wrong setting of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust fuel injection pump as required.

Engine stalls while idling

Low idle speed setting is not correct - Correct low idle settings.
Fuel injection pump damage - Repair or change injection pump.
Dirty or defective injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Valve clearance is wrong - Correct valve clearance.

Engine power is reduced

Air filter clogged - Carry out maintenance on air filter.
Clogged or defective injection nozzles - Change fuel injection nozzles.
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Adjust to correct pressure.
The valve clearance is incorrect - Adjustment procedure required.
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Adjust low idle speed.
Dirty fuel hoses or lines - Fuel lines and hoses need to be cleaned.
Leaking cylinder head gasket - Gasket should be replaced.
Damaged or leaking piston rings - Change piston rings.

Engine overheats

Not enough coolant - Refill to the correct level and inspect system for leaks.
Engine oil level is insufficient - Fill the crankcase with engine oil.
Radiator fins are clogged or radiator cap is faulty - Clean radiator or install new cap.
Fan belt is loose or defective - Belt change is required.
Engine is overloaded - Shift to lower gear or reduce the load.

Insufficient oil pressure

Engine oil level low - Fill the crankcase with oil.
Oil filter element clogging - Clean or change engine oil filter.
Different type of engine oil - Use correct viscosity oil.
Crankshaft bearing oil clearance is incorrect - Replace bearings.
Defective oil pump - Repair or change.

Engine noise or knocking

Engine oil level is insufficient - Fill the crankcase with engine oil.
Engine is not preheated - Normalize the temperature by warming up the engine.
Improper fuel injection timing - Set up as recommended.
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Adjustment required.
Fuel injectors are faulty or clogged - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Misaligned or defective connecting rod Replace or align connecting rod.
Pistons are worn or broken - Pistons need to be replaced.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Transmission oil pressure is insufficient

Low oil level - Add oil to the transmission housing.
Dirty transmission fluid filter element (if equipped) - Clean or change transmission fluid filter.
Relief valve malfunction - Replace relief valve.

Transmission noise

Low oil level - Need to add transmission oil.
Transmission oil is contaminated - Change the oil.
Improper backlash or worn gears - Adjust backlash properly or replace the gears.
Worn or cracked bearings - Change the bearings.
Shift forks are worn or bent - Change defective shift forks.
Shaft splines are damaged or worn - Change the shaft.

Difficulty shifting gears

Corroded or worn gear shift linkage - Change or lubricate shift linkage.
Worn or damaged gear shift forks - Change defective shift forks.
Worn parts of the gear shifting mechanism - Change worn parts.
Unadjusted or worn clutch - Adjust or install new clutch.

Transmission fluid leakage

High transmission oil level - Correct the oil level.
Damaged gaskets or seals - Change defective gaskets or seal.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Insufficient hydraulic fluid pressure

Hydraulic oil is insufficient - Checking hydraulic oil level and add if necessary.
Dirty hydraulic fluid filter element - Change hydraulic filter element or clean if necessary.
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Repair or replace hydraulic fluid pump.
Hydraulic control valve is not set properly - Adjust properly.
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.
Leaking hydraulic pipes - Find leaks in the system and fix it.

Hydraulic system overheats

Damaged main relief valve - Change relief valve.
Incorrect type of hydraulic oil - The correct type of oil must be used.
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil.
Air in hydraulic lines - Bleed hydraulic lines.

3-point hitch won't lift or lifts slowly

Heavy load on the hitch - Reduce the load is required.
Hydraulic fluid is insufficient - Checking hydraulic fluid level and add if necessary.
Dirty hydraulic oil filter element - Service the hydraulic filter or change if required.
Faulty hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic oil pump.
Main relief valve is faulty - Change relief valve.
Hydraulic spool valve is defective - Repair or change the valve.
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Repair or change hydraulic cylinder.
Suction line is broken or disconnected - Connect or replace.

Hitch won't drop or drops slowly

Hydraulic control valve block is set improperly - Set properly.
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Install a new hydraulic cylinder or repair it.
Misadjusted hitch - Adjust three-point hitch as required.
Lift arm shaft is damaged - Install a new shaft.

Jerky lifting or lowering of three-point hitch

Air in hydraulic pipes - Bleed hydraulic pipes.
Dirty hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed.
Defective hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic oil pump.
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty - Install a new valve or repair it.
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Repair or install a new hydraulic cylinder.

Steering Troubleshooting
Steering is difficult

Incorrectly installed or worn steering column - Install the steering column correctly or replace it.
Air in steering hydraulic system - Bleed the system of air.
Incorrect toe-in - Adjust toe-in properly.
Uneven wear on front tires - Replace the tires.
Faulty steering pump - Replace or repair steering pump.
Pump flow control valve is worn or stuck - Clean or replace control valve.
Insufficient steering oil - Need to add steering oil.

Steering wheel has too much free-play

Worn steering column coupling or shaft - Replace faulty part.
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Install a new steering pump.
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Repair or change steering linkage.

Tractor is pulling to left or right

Uneven tyre pressure - Inflate the tyres properly.
Incorrect toe-in - Check toe-in and correct.
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Replace or repair steering linkage.
Improperly adjusted or defective front wheel bearings - Adjust correctly or install new bearings.

Electrical Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged

Wiring connections are loose or corroded - Tighten or service connections.
Electrical terminal connectors are faulty - Replace terminal connectors.
Battery is defective - Change the battery.
Worn or loose belt - Adjust belt tension or change the belt.

Starter motor cranks slow

Low battery output voltage - Low battery charging, charge as required.
Battery drains quickly - Battery needs to be serviced or replaced.
Disconnected wiring or bad battery terminals - Check cables and service or change terminals.

Starter motor is not working

Battery is low or faulty - Charge or change the battery.
Wiring harness is disconnected or improperly connected - Check wiring harness and connect as required.
Battery voltage is low - Recharge the battery.
Faulty starter motor - Repair or install a new starter.



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MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
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