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Ford 1500 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1500 is a 2WD or 4WD compact utility tractor from Hundred compact series. This model was manufactured by Shibaura built between 1979 and 1982. The Ford 1500 tractor is equipped with a 69.2 cu.in (1.13 L) Shibaura LET862C two-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine rated at 19.9 Hp (14.8 kW).

The transmission consists of a dual plate clutch and gearbox with 12 forward and 4 reverse gears. Max. forward speed - 11.6 mph (18.6 kph), maximum reverse speed - 8.1 mph (13 kph). The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with rated fluid flow of 6.2 gal/min (23.5 l/min).

The hydraulic pressure is 127 bar (1850 psi). The 2-wheel drive models are equipped with 4.00x12 front tyres and 9.50x24 rear tyres. The 25x8.5-14 front tyres and 13.6-16 rear tyres fit 4-wheel drive tractors. The wheelbase is 60.2" (1520 mm) for 2WD models and 59.3" (1500 mm) for 4WD models.

The Ford 1500 is compatible with the following attachments: a 60" mid-mount mower deck, 60" front-mount snowblower, Ford 770 loader with lift capacity to full height of 700 lbs (317 kg), Ford 770A loader with lift capacity to max height of 600 lbs (272 kg), Ford 770B front end loader with lift capacity to maximum height of 800 lbs (362 kg), and Ford 757 backhoe with bucket digging force of 3000 lbs (1360 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine doesn't start or hard to start
Dirty fuel filter element - Change the filter element
No fuel supply from the tank - Open the fuel supply valve
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air
Clogged or damaged injectors - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Damaged fuel injection pump - Repair or change injection pump
Poor compression - Check cylinder block and replace defective parts
Engine stalls during operation
Engine is not warmed up to required temperature - Warm up engine to required temperature
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Uneven fuel injections - Repair or adjustment
Clogged fuel filter element - Change filter element
Dirty or damaged injectors - Service or change fuel injectors
Diesel engine stops after starting
Timing of fuel injection pump is wrong - Check and correct adjustments
Dirty fuel filter element - Clean the filter or install new filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty or defective - Install new set of properly balanced nozzles
Fuel injection pump damage - Replacement or repair required
Clogged air cleaner element - Service or change air cleaner
Engine stalls at low idle speed
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Test and adjust
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Rebuild or change fuel pump
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty or defective - Change injector nozzles
Valve clearance is not correct - Adjust to proper valve clearance
Engine is overheated
Lack of coolant in cooling system - Top up coolant fluid. Repair any leaks if necessary
Cooling system parts are failed or system is clogged - Replace faulty parts or service cooling system
Insufficient engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required
Worn fan belt or unadjusted belt tension - Adjust as required or replace belt
Thermostat failure - Thermostat needs to be replaced
Reduced engine power
Dirty or damaged injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Repair or replace injection pump
Air filter is clogged - Change or replace air filter element
Oil filter clogging - Change or clean engine oil filter element
Engine is running overloaded - Reduce engine load
Valve clearance is not correct - Adjustment procedure required
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Adjust the low idle speed
Fuel pipes or hoses are clogged - Clean fuel hoses and pipes
Engine compression too low: Valves are faulty or leaking - Change the valves
Engine noise or knocking
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Faulty fuel injector nozzles - Replace fuel injector nozzles
Engine oil level is insufficient - Checking oil level and add if necessary
Engine is not fully warmed up - Warm up engine to required temperature
Main bearings or crankshaft are worn out - Need to install new components
Piston rings are worn or broken - Piston rings need to be replaced
Flywheel bolts are loose - Bolts need to be tightened
High oil consumption
Oil leaking: Damaged seals or gaskets - Install new components
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use correct viscosity oil
Piston rings are defective or worn - Piston rings need to be replaced
Worn valve stems and valve guides - Valves must be replaced
Damaged cylinder liners or pistons - Inspect pistons and liners, replace as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged
Battery failing - Use a new battery
Battery wiring harness damage - Inspect battery wiring for damage, replace or repair
Corroded or loose cables and terminals - Service or tighten battery cables and terminals
Incorrect belt tension adjustment or worn belt - Change belt or adjust belt tension properly
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery capacity - Low battery charging, charge as required
Battery is not holding charge - Service or change the battery
Bad battery electrical wire harness - Check wires for malfunctions, repair or replace
Loose or corroded terminals and cables - Tighten or clean cables and terminals
Starter will not work
Low battery output - Low battery charging, charge as required
Discharged or defective battery - Need to charge or replace the battery
Starter motor is faulty - Replace or repair starter
Improperly connected or disconnected cables - Check battery cables and connect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard shifts
Failure or improper clutch adjustment - Adjust or replace the clutch
Gear shift linkage is damaged or loose - Change or repair shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced
Faulty gear shifting mechanism - Faulty parts must be changed
Low transmission oil pressure
Oil level is insufficient - Checking transmission oil level and add if necessary
Clogged transmission fluid filter element (if fitted) - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Damaged relief valve - Install a new relief valve
Transmission makes noise
Bearings are worn or broken - Change the bearings
Oil level is low - Checking transmission oil level and add if necessary
Dirty transmission fluid - Transmission fluid must be changed
Incorrect backlash or gears are defective - Replace gears or set backlash properly
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Replace the shift forks
Transmission fluid leakage
Seals or gaskets are damaged - Gaskets or seal replacement required
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is too hot
Hydraulic system pressure is not set correctly - Set the hydraulic pressure as required
Main relief valve incorrect adjustment or failure - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Insufficient hydraulic oil pressure
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Need to add fluid
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Service or replace the hydraulic filter
Hydraulic pump failure - Check the pump capacity and replace pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve is not set properly or defective - Change or adjust properly
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Hydraulic lines are leaking - Find leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
3-point hitch won't raise or raises slowly
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill up the hydraulic oil
Cold hydraulic fluid - Warm up the fluid
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Replace filter element or clean if required
Hydraulic pump failure - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary
Main relief valve incorrect adjustment or failure - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Hydraulic spool valve is not set properly or defective - Replace or set properly
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Check the cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Broken or loose suction line - Retighten or change
Three-point hitch dropping is too slow or cannot be dropped
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Set properly or replace
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Hitch cross shaft is damaged - Change the shaft
Internal mechanical malfunction with hitch - Replace defective or worn hitch components
Three-point hitch raises or lowers not smoothly
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Flow-rate pump and change pump if necessary
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic control valve - Replace or adjust properly
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Inspect the cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Hard Steering
Steering knuckle or steering column is stuck - Inspect steering column and knuckle, replace worn parts as required
Steering gearbox components are worn - Replace defective components of steering gearbox
Faulty drag link or tie rod - Replace or repair
Insufficient lubrication in steering box - Need to lubricate the gearbox
Not adjusted toe-in alignment - Check and adjust toe-in
Tires are not correctly inflated - Inflate tires as necessary
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column bearing or shaft is worn - Change faulty parts
Steering linkage assembly is worn or loose - Repair or replace steering linkage
Worn steering gearbox bearings - Replace the bearings
Front wheel hub bearings or steering knuckles are worn - Change hub bearings or knuckles
Damaged or worn steering tie-rod ends - Change faulty part
Tractor pulls to right or left
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Repair or replace steering linkage
Defective steering knuckle bushing - Replace knuckle bushing
Uneven tire pressure - Inflate the tires properly
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294