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Ford 2810 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 2810 is a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1983 to 1990. The components of Ford 2810 powerline system: a 158 cu.in (2.6 L) Ford vertical three-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine with a rated power of 34.3 hp (25.6 kW) and 8x2 Dual Range transmission, or mechanical shuttle transmission with 6 forward and 4 reverse gears.

Max. forward speed - 18.5 mph (29.8 km/h), max. reverse speed - 16.1 mph (25.9 km/h). The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a rated capacity of 7.7 gpm (29.2 lpm). The main relief pressure is 173 bar (2500 psi).

The 2-wheel drive models are equipped with 6.00x16 front tyres and 13.6x28 rear tyres. The 8.3x24 front tyres and 13.6x28 rear tyres fit 4-wheel drive tractors. The wheelbase is 77.5" (1960 mm) for models with 2WD and 84.1" (2130 mm) for models with 4WD.

The Ford 2810 is compatible with a Ford 776A loader with lift capacity to maximum height of 2500 lbs (1134 kg), Ford 776B loader with breakout force of 3750 lbs (1701 kg), or Ford 776F loader with breakout force of 4300 lbs (1950 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or hard to start
Plugged fuel filter - Clean the filter element
The fuel shut-off valve is closed - Open fuel shut-off valve
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air
Faulty or dirty injectors - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Replace or rebuild injection pump
Low engine compression - Check cylinder block and replace defective parts
Engine stalls while running
Engine is not warmed up to required temperature - Warm up engine to required temperature
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Fuel filter plugging - Change filter element
Faulty or dirty injectors - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Diesel starts and then stalls
Incorrectly set fuel injection pump timing - Fuel injection pump timing adjustment needs to be corrected
Fuel filter is clogged - Clean or replace the filter
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged or dirty - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Damaged fuel injection pump - Repair or change injection pump
Air cleaner element is clogged - Clean or replace the air cleaner element
Engine stalls when idling
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Test and adjust
Fuel injection pump is broken - Repair or change injection pump
Clogged or damaged injector nozzles - Check and change nozzles as required
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance
Engine is overheated
Lack of coolant in cooling system - Top up coolant. Any leaks must be repaired
Cooling system parts are failed or system is clogged - Service the cooling system or replace faulty components
Insufficient engine oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase
Fan belt tension is incorrect or belt is defective - Adjust belt tension correctly or change it
Thermostat failure - Check thermostat, replace if necessary
Engine power is too low
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Change fuel injectors
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Repair or replace injection pump
Air filter element is dirty - Clean or replace the air filter element
Oil filter is dirty - Service or change engine oil filter element
Engine is overloaded - Load reducing is recommended
Improper valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Adjustment required
Clogged fuel hoses or pipes - Fuel pipes and hoses need to be cleaned
Poor engine compression: Leaking or broken valves - Change the valves
Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Adjust the fuel injection pump timing correctly
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Check and change nozzles as required
Engine oil level is low - Fill up the engine oil
Engine is not warmed up to required temperature - Warm up engine as required
Crankshaft or main bearings failure - Worn parts replacement required
Broken or defective piston rings - Replace piston rings
The flywheel to crankshaft bolts are loose - Tighten bolts as required
High oil consumption
Oil leaking: Gaskets or seals are excessively worn - Replace worn parts to avoid leaks
Oil viscosity is wrong - Use proper viscosity oil
Worn or stuck piston rings - Change the piston rings as required
Damaged valve stems or valve guides - Install new valves
Damaged cylinder liners or pistons - Check liners and pistons, change as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge
Bad cell in battery - Replace the battery
Damaged battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for damage, replace or repair
Battery terminals and cables are corroded or loose - Clean or tighten cables and terminals
Belt wear or improper belt tension adjustment - Adjust belt tension as required or replace belt
Starter motor turns slow
Battery voltage is low - Battery is drained, charge it
Battery is draining quickly - Service battery or change it
Battery electrical wire harness damage - Check battery wires for damage, replace or change
Corroded or loose battery terminals and cables - Cables and terminals must be tightened or cleaned
Starter motor is not working
Low battery voltage - Charge the battery
Discharged or faulty battery - Charge or replace the battery
Faulty starter motor - Replace or repair starter
Disconnected or incorrectly connected cables - Need to reconnect cables correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard to shift gears
Clutch is unadjusted or worn - Clutch needs to be replaced or adjusted
Gear shift linkage is loose or broken - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Shift forks need to be changed
Gear shifting mechanism is worn - Change worn components
Insufficient transmission oil pressure
Low transmission oil level - Checking transmission oil level and add if necessary
Dirty transmission oil filter (if fitted) - Replace or clean transmission oil filter
Damaged relief valve - Replace the valve
Excessive transmission noise
Broken or worn bearings - Replace faulty bearings
Oil level is insufficient - Check transmission oil level and add oil as required
Transmission fluid contamination - Transmission fluid must be changed
Damaged gears or improper backlash - Set backlash properly or change the gears
Worn or damaged shift forks - Change defective shift forks
Transmission oil leaks
Gaskets or seals are damaged - Install new components
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is too hot
Incorrect hydraulic system pressure setting - Change the pressure settings
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust or change relief valve
Hydraulic fluid is dirty - Hydraulic fluid change required
Aeration in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Low hydraulic oil pressure
Not enough hydraulic oil in the system - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Install a new hydraulic filter element
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust correctly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Leakage in hydraulic lines - Find leaks in the system and fix it
Hitch won't lift or lifts slowly
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Need to add fluid
Hydraulic oil is too cold - Allow oil to warm
Hydraulic oil filter clogging - Change hydraulic filter element or clean if necessary
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic control valve block is not set properly or defective - Change or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required
Loose or damaged suction line - Tighten or replace
Hitch won't lower or lowers slowly
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Replace or set correctly
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Worn hitch rock shaft - Install a new shaft
The hitch has any internal mechanical damage - Change faulty or worn hitch components
Jerky lowering or lifting of the hitch
Air in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid is dirty - Hydraulic fluid change required
Hydraulic pump is defective - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve block - Change or adjust properly
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is very heavy to turn
Steering column is broken or incorrectly fitted - Steering column needs to be refit correctly or replaced
Air trapped in the steering system - Bleed the steering system
Steering filter is clogged - Install new steering filter element
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in properly
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Steering pump stopped working - Repair or change steering pump
Damaged or worn steering cylinder - Inspect and change as required
Worn steering gear box parts - Change defective steering box parts
Steering fluid level low - Checking steering fluid level and add it if necessary
Oil leakage in the steering system - Tighten the steering hose and pipe joints
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column coupling or shaft is extremely worn out - Change defective part
Worn or damaged steering cylinder - Repair or change the steering cylinder
Damaged steering gearbox components - Change defective steering gear box components
Steering pump is worn - Install a new hydraulic steering pump
Faulty or worn steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Replace failed component
Front wheels wander to right or left
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in wheels properly
Worn or faulty steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Replace failed component
Damaged steering gear box parts - Replace defective components of power steering gearbox
Steering cylinder malfunction - Repair or change steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are worn or incorrectly adjusted - Adjust correctly or replace bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294