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Ford 5000 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 5000 is a two-wheel drive row-crop tractor. This model was manufactured between 1965 and 1976. The Ford 5000 driveline consists of a Ford 4-cyl. diesel or gasoline engine, and 8x2 sliding gear or 10x2 full powershift transmission.

A 3.8 cubic inches diesel engine power is 69 hp (51.5 kW) and max. torque is 182 ft-lb (247 Nm) at 1400 rev/min. Max. forward speed - 16.8 mph (27 km/h), max. reverse speed - 8.1 kph (13 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a flow of 6.0 gpm (22.7 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 2500 psi (173 bar). The rear tire size: 12.4x38, and front tire size: 7.5x16. The wheelbase is 87.5 in (2220 mm) for standard models, and 96 in (2430 mm) for row-crop models.

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or hard to start
Plugged fuel filter - Service the filter
Fuel supply valve is closed - Open fuel supply valve
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump failure - Rebuild or install a new injection pump
Engine has low compression - Inspect and replace faulty parts
Engine shuts off unexpectedly while running
Engine is not preheated - Warm up engine as required
Air in fuel lines - Bleed fuel lines
Bad fuel injection - Check and adjust
Plugged fuel filter - Clean or change the filter
Dirty or faulty injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Diesel engine stops after starting
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Check the fuel injection pump timing setting
Fuel filter plugging - Replace filter element
Dirty or defective injector nozzles - Change injector nozzles
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Repair or install a new fuel pump
Air cleaner clogging - Replace or service air cleaner element
Engine stops when idle
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Adjustment required
Damaged fuel injection pump - Change or repair the pump
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance
Engine is overheated
Coolant level is low - Top up coolant fluid. Check radiator and hoses for leaks
Cooling system is dirty or cooling parts are failed - Service the cooling system or change faulty parts
Engine oil insufficient - Check and refill engine oil
Improper fan belt tension or damaged belt - Adjust as required or change belt
Defective thermostat - Check and replace if required
Engine power is too low
Dirty or damaged injectors - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Adjust to correct pressure
Clogged air filter - Replace or service air filter element
Oil filter is clogged - Service or replace engine oil filter
Diesel engine overloaded - Load reducing is recommended
Valve clearance is not correct - Adjust valve clearance
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Adjustment required
Restricted fuel pipes or hoses - Clean fuel hoses and pipes
Engine compression too low: Valves are faulty or leaking - Replace the valves
Engine noises or knocks
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Correct injection timing
Fuel injector nozzles are faulty - Service or replace injector nozzles
Engine oil level low - Checking oil level and add if necessary
Coolant temperature is low - Normalize the engine temperature
Crankshaft or main bearings failure - Need to install new components
Worn or broken piston rings - Replace piston rings
Loose flywheel bolts - Check flywheel bolts and tighten properly
Excessive engine oil consumption
External oil leaks: Seals or gaskets are defective - Change worn parts according to specifications
Oil viscosity is incorrect - Use oil of correct viscosity
Stuck or defective piston rings - Change the piston rings as required
Valve stems or guides are damaged - Change the valves
Damaged pistons or cylinder liners - Inspect pistons and liners, replace as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Battery bad cell - Use a new battery
Battery wiring harness damage - Inspect battery wiring for damage, replace or repair
Corroded or loose battery terminals and cables - Service or tighten battery terminals and cables
Incorrect belt tension adjustment or worn belt - Change belt or properly adjust belt tension
Starter motor turns slow
Battery capacity is low - Battery needs to be recharged
Battery is not holding charge - Service charging system or change battery
Bad battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for malfunctions, replace or repair
Loose or corroded cables and terminals - Tighten or service cables and terminals
Starter motor won't turn
Low battery power - Recharge the battery
Drained or worn battery - Charge or replace the battery
Faulty starter motor - Starter needs to be changed
Improperly connected or disconnected cables - Check battery cables and connect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gear shift is hard
Worn or incorrectly adjusted clutch - Adjust or install new clutch
Gear shift linkage is stuck or damaged - Repair or change shift linkage
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Install new shift forks
Faulty parts in the gear shifting mechanism - Change faulty parts
Transmission oil pressure is insufficient
Not enough fluid in transmission - Add transmission fluid as required
Dirty transmission oil filter (if fitted) - Replace or service transmission oil filter
Relief valve failure - Replace relief valve
Transmission makes excessive noise
Cracked or worn bearings - Faulty bearings should be changed
Not enough fluid in transmission - Fill the transmission housing with fluid
Contaminated transmission fluid - Change transmission fluid
Damaged gears or improper backlash - Change worn gears or set backlash correctly
Damaged or worn shift forks - Install new shift forks
Transmission fluid leaking
Gaskets or seals are defective Seals and gaskets replacement required
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Excessive hydraulic system heat
Hydraulic system pressure is incorrect - Hydraulic pressure needs to be set correctly
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust relief valve or change if required
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Fill up with new hydraulic fluid
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Check the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Insufficient hydraulic fluid pressure
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Need to add fluid
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Hydraulic pump failure - Test pump flow rate and replace pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust correctly or replace
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Leakage in hydraulic pipes - Detect leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Three-point hitch lifting is too slow or cannot be lifted
Not enough hydraulic oil in the system - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid is too cold - Allow fluid to warm
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Clean the hydraulic filter or install new filter element
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Check pump performance and change it if necessary
Main relief valve failure or incorrect setting - Replace or set up the relief valve
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic control valve - Change or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Broken or disconnected suction line - Connect or replace
3-point hitch won't drop or drops slowly
Hydraulic spool valve is defective or set improper - Replace or adjust properly
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Hitch rock shaft is worn Install a new shaft
Mechanical components of the hitch are defective - Replace worn or faulty hitch components
Hitch lowering or lifting is not smoothly
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil
Hydraulic pump not working - Check pump performance and change it if necessary
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve - Replace or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is difficult to turn
Steering column is broken or improperly installed - Steering column must be installed properly or replaced
Air in steering system - Bleed the steering system
Clogged steering filter element - Service or replace the steering filter
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in properly
Incorrect tire pressure - Inflate the tires correctly
Steering pump malfunction - Steering pump needs to be repaired or replaced
Steering cylinder is defective or worn - Check and replace as required
Faulty steering gear box components - Replace defective components of power steering gearbox
Relief valve seizing or failure - Flush relief valve or change if necessary
Lack of steering fluid - Need to add steering oil
Oil leaks in the steering system - Tighten the steering pipe and hose joints
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column shaft or coupling is worn out - Replace faulty part
Damaged or worn steering cylinder - Replace or repair steering cylinder as required
Faulty steering box components - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Steering pump is worn - Replace or repair steering pump
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are defective - Replace failed component
Tractor is pulling to right or left
Tires are incorrectly inflated - Inflate as required
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in correctly
Faulty or worn steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Replace damaged component
Faulty steering gear box parts - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Steering cylinder is defective - Replace or repair hydraulic steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are defective or improperly adjusted - Adjust correctly or replace bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294