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Mahindra 6530 Troubleshooting

The Mahindra 6530 is a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive utility tractor from 30 Series. This model was manufactured from 2008 to 2020. The Mahindra 6530 tractor is powered by 152.4 cu.in (2.5 L) 4-cycle 3-cylinder direct injection turbo diesel engine with a rated power of 65 Hp (48.5 kW). The Mahindra 6530 is fitted with a two transmission options: synchro shuttle transmission with 8 forward and 8 reverse gears, or constant mesh transmission with 8 forward and 8 reverse gears.

The maximum travel speed (forward/reverse): 21.6 mph (34.8 km/h) and 20.9 mph (33.7 km/h). The open center hydraulic system has a gear pump with a rated capacity of 10.8 gpm (41 lpm). The 2WD models are equipped with 9.50x15 front tires and 16.9x28 rear tires. The 11.2x24 front tires and 16.9x30 rear tires are used for 4WD tractors. Compatible attachments for the tractor: Mahindra ML266 front end-loader with a maximum lift height of 128" (3250 mm), and Mahindra 50B backhoe with maximum digging depth of 133" (3370 mm).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine starts up hard or will not start

There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system.
Fuel filter plugging - Install new filter element.
Clogged or burnt injection nozzle - Check injection nozzles and replace if required.
Dirt or water in fuel system - Drain water or flush dirt from the system.
Valve clearance is not correct - Adjust valve clearance.
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Replacement or repair required.

Engine starts and immediately shuts off

Intake air restriction - Change air filter element.
Fuel filter plugged - Install new filter element.
Fuel injection pump is leaking - Repair any leaks.
Dirty or defective injectors - Replace fuel injectors.
Fuel injection pump failure - Repair or change injection pump.

Engine stalls after running

Coolant temperature is low - Warm up to required temperature.
Fuel filter element is clogged - Change the filter element.
Air in fuel tank - Bleed fuel tank.
Fuel injection nozzles are damaged or dirty - Clean or replace injection nozzles.
Improper fuel injection timing - Adjust as recommended.

Engine stops while idling

Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Adjust as required.
Faulty fuel injection pump - Replace or rebuild injection pump.
Clogged or defective injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and change as required.
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications.

Engine power is reduced

Restricted intake air - Replace air filter element.
Damaged or dirty injection nozzles - Service or change injection nozzles.
Uneven fuel injection pressure - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly.
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjustment procedure required.
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Adjust as required.
Clogged fuel hoses or lines - Clean fuel system lines and hoses.
Blown cylinder head gasket - Install a new gasket.
Piston rings are broken or leaking - Install new piston rings.

Engine overheats

Lack of engine coolant - Refill to the correct level and inspect system for leaks.
Insufficient engine oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Dirty radiator core or faulty radiator cap - Clean radiator or install new cap.
Excessive wear of the fan belt - Replace as required.
Diesel engine is overloaded - Load reducing is recommended.

Oil pressure too low

Oil level is insufficient - Fill up the engine oil.
Clogged oil filter - Change or clean engine oil filter element.
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use proper viscosity oil.
Excessive crankshaft bearing oil clearance - Bearing needs to be changed.
Oil pump failure - Install a new pump.

Engine knocks or noises

Engine oil insufficient - Add oil to the engine crankcase.
Low coolant temperature - Warm up the engine.
Fuel injection pump timing is not adjusted - Check the fuel injection pump timing adjustment.
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Adjust the low idle speed.
Clogged or defective injectors - Change or clean fuel injectors.
Connecting rod is worn or not aligned - Alignment procedure or replacement is required.
Worn or scored pistons - Replace the pistons as required.

Transmission Troubleshooting
Transmission oil pressure is insufficient

Lack of transmission fluid - Check and refill the transmission fluid.
Dirty transmission fluid filter element (if equipped) - Replace or service transmission fluid filter.
Relief valve is damaged - Install a new valve.

Excessive transmission noise

Transmission oil insufficient - Fill up the transmission oil.
Transmission oil is contaminated - Transmission oil change required.
Defective gears or improper backlash - Install new gears and set backlash correctly.
Bearings are broken or worn - Replace the bearings.
Worn or damaged gear shift forks - Install new shift forks.
Shaft splines are stuck or worn out - Shaft need to be changed.

Hard shifts

Rusty or worn gear shift linkage - Lubricate or replace the shift linkage.
Worn or bent gear shift forks - Change defective shift forks.
Gearshift mechanism is damaged - Replace or repair the mechanism.
Clutch is out of adjustment or defective - Replace or adjust clutch.

Transmission oil leakage

High transmission oil level - Correct the oil level.
Seals or gaskets are broken - Seals and gaskets replacement required.

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic oil pressure is low

Insufficient hydraulic fluid - Fill up the hydraulic fluid.
Hydraulic oil filter is clogged - Clean or change hydraulic filter.
Defective hydraulic pump - Change or repair hydraulic fluid pump.
Hydraulic control valve is set improperly - The control valve must be set correctly.
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Change or repair hydraulic cylinder.
Hydraulic piping is leaking - Identify leaks in the system and repair it.

Hydraulic system is overheated

Faulty main relief valve - Install a new relief valve.
Incorrect hydraulic fluid type - Fill up with the proper type of fluid.
Hydraulic fluid contamination - Change hydraulic fluid.
Air in hydraulic lines - Bleed hydraulic lines.

Hitch can't lift or lifts too slowly

Hitch is under excessive load - Reduce the load is required.
Low hydraulic oil level - Check and refill the hydraulic oil.
Clogged hydraulic oil filter - Clean or replace the hydraulic filter.
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Repair or replace hydraulic fluid pump.
Faulty main relief valve - Relief valve replacement required.
Damaged hydraulic spool valve - Repair or replace hydraulic valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Replace or repair hydraulic cylinder.
Disconnected or broken suction line - Change or connect properly.

3-point hitch won't lower or lowers slowly

Hydraulic control valve is out of adjustment - Need to make adjustment.
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Replace or repair hydraulic cylinder.
The 3-point hitch is not adjusted - Adjustment is required.
Hitch cross shaft is worn - Install a new shaft.

Hitch drop or lift is jerky

Air in hydraulic lines - Bleed hydraulic lines.
Dirty hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed.
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Replace or repair hydraulic oil pump.
Faulty hydraulic control valve - Repair or replace the valve.
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Replace or repair hydraulic cylinder.

Steering System Troubleshooting
Difficult steering

Improperly fitted or damaged steering column - Refit or change the steering column.
Air lock in the steering system - Bleed air from system.
Incorrect toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in.
Front tyres are worn unevenly - Install new tyres.
Steering pump stopped working - Repair or replace steering pump.
Steering pump control valve is faulty or stuck - Change or flush control valve.
Steering oil insufficient - Check and refill steering oil.

Excessive steering wheel free play

Steering column coupling or shaft has maximum wear - Replace faulty part.
Steering pump malfunction - Check the hydraulic steering pump and change if necessary.
Steering linkage components are loose or worn - Repair or change steering linkage.

Tractor is pulling to left or right

Uneven wear on front tyres - Replace the tyres.
Not adjusted toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in.
Worn or loose steering linkage joints - Inspect and change as required.
Worn or incorrectly adjusted or worn front wheel bearings - Adjust correctly or change bearings.

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery cannot be charged

Electrical cable connections are loose or corroded - Clean or tighten connections.
Battery terminal clamps are defective - Change terminal clamps.
Dead cell in battery - Replace the battery.
Belt is loose or defective - Change belt or adjust belt tension.

Starter cranks slowly

Low battery capacity - Low battery charging, charge as required.
Battery is not holding charge - Service or replace the battery.
Disconnected battery cables or bad terminals - Connect wires properly or change terminals.

Starter motor is not working

Battery is low or faulty - Charge or change the battery.
Wire harness is disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check wire harness and connect as required.
Low battery output - Recharge the battery.
Starter motor is faulty - Change or repair starter.



Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294