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Ford 1210 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1210 is a 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive compact utility tractor from Ten Compact series. This model was manufactured by Shibaura built between 1983 and 1986. The Ford 1210 is powered by 53.6 cu.in (0.88 L) Shibaura S723 3-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine with a maximum power of 16.1 Hp (11.9 kW).

The Ford 1210 is fitted with 3 types of transmission. Type 1: 10x2 unsynchronized transmission with high and low sliding gears. Type 2: 15x3 creeper transmission. Type 3: 2-range hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears. Max. forward speed - 10.2 mph (16.4 kph), reverse speed - 10.2 mph (16.4 kph).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with rated fluid flow of 4.3 gal/min (16.5 l/min). The hydraulic pressure is 127 bar (1850 psi). The Ford 1210 was equipped with 4.00-12 (2WD), 5.00-12 (4WD), or 20x8.0-10 (Turf) front tires, and 8.00-16 or 29x12.0-15 (Turf) rear tires. The wheelbase is 55.1" (1390 mm).

Compatible attachments for the tractor: 48", 60" mid-mount 3-blade mower decks, 48" rear-mount 3-blade mower deck with hydraulic lift, 48" rear-mount two-stage snowblower, Ford 768A loader with lift capacity to full height of 530 lbs (240 kg), and Ford 757A backhoe with max digging depth of 76.5" (1940 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or difficult to start
Fuel filter is dirty - Clean or replace the filter
Closed fuel supply valve - Open supply valve to inject fuel
Air in fuel lines - Bleed fuel lines
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Replacement or repair required
Engine has low compression - Inspect cylinder block and change worn parts
Diesel shuts off during operation
Engine not warmed up - Normalize the engine temperature
Fuel-line is leaking air - Retighten clamps, replace defective pipes
Irregular fuel injection - Adjust fuel injection timing
Fuel filter plugging - Change the filter element
Clogged or damaged injectors - Change fuel injectors
Engine starts and then stalls
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Fuel injection pump timing adjustment needs to be corrected
Fuel filter is clogged - Clean or change the filter
Fuel injector nozzles are faulty - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Fuel injection pump is broken - Replace or rebuild injection pump
Clogged air cleaner - Replace cleaner or install new cleaner element
Engine stops while idling
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Adjust the low idle speed
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Replacement or repair required
Dirty or defective injector nozzles - Replace fuel injector nozzles
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Check and adjust
Engine overheats
Low coolant level - Add the coolant. Check and repair damage to the cooling system if required
Cooling system components are defective or system is dirty - Service the cooling system or change faulty parts
Not enough engine oil - Need to add engine oil
Broken fan belt or improper belt tension - Adjust belt tension properly or replace it
Defective thermostat - Check and replace if required
Engine power is insufficient
Dirty or faulty injectors - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Insufficient fuel injection pressure - Adjust to proper pressure
Air filter element clogging - Install new filter element or replace it
Oil filter is dirty - Service or change engine oil filter element
Engine overload - Change to lower gear or reduce load
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Have it adjusted
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Correct low idle settings
Fuel pipes or hoses are dirty - Clean fuel system pipes and hoses
Lack of compression: Intake or exhaust valves are damaged - Valves need to be replaced
Engine noises or knocks
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Fuel injection pump timing adjustment needs to be corrected
Clogged or defective injector nozzles - Service or replace nozzles if required
Engine oil insufficient - Fill up the engine oil
Engine is not preheated - Normalize the engine temperature
Worn main bearings or crankshaft - Replace crankshaft or bearings
Stuck or worn piston rings - Install new piston rings
Loose flywheel bolts - Check flywheel bolts and tighten properly
Excessive oil consumption
Oil leaks: Seals or gaskets are wearing excessively - Defective components must be replaced
Crankcase oil too light - Fill up with the correct oil viscosity
Stuck or worn piston rings - Install new piston rings
Valve stems and guides are worn - Need to replace the valves
Pistons or cylinder liners are scored - Check pistons and liners, install new parts as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Worn-out battery - Install a new battery
Bad battery electrical wire harness - Check wires for malfunctions, repair or replace
Loose or corroded battery cables and terminals - Tighten or service terminals and cables
Worn belt or improperly adjusted belt tension - Adjust belt tension correctly or replace belt
Starter cranks slow
Battery power is low - Charge the battery
Battery is draining quickly - Service charging system or replace battery
Damaged battery electrical wire harness - Inspect electrical wires for damage, change or repair
Battery terminals and cables are corroded or loose - Tighten or clean terminals and cables
Starter does not work
Low battery capacity - Battery is drained, charge it
Drained or worn battery - Recharge or change battery
Damaged starter motor - Starter needs to be replaced
Incorrectly connected or disconnected wires - Check battery wires and connect correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard to shift gears
Worn or incorrectly adjusted clutch - Replace or adjust clutch
Damaged or loose gear shift linkage - Service or change the shift linkage
Bent or worn shift forks - Install new shift forks
Gearshift mechanism is worn out - Repair or replace worn components if required
Low transmission pressure
Not enough fluid in transmission - Check transmission fluid level and add it as required
Clogged transmission oil filter (if equipped) - Change or service the transmission oil filter
Relief valve failure - Replace relief valve as required
Transmission makes excessive noise
Broken or worn bearings - Faulty bearings should be changed
Insufficient fluid supply - Fill the transmission housing with fluid
Contaminated transmission oil - Transmission oil must be changed
Gears are defective or backlash is incorrect - Replace gears or adjust backlash properly
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Replace defective shift forks
Transmission oil leakage
Gaskets or seals are broken - Install new gaskets or seal
Cracked transmission case - Install a new transmission case

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
Hydrostatic transmission makes excessive noise
Insufficient transmission fluid level or contaminated fluid - Add the fluid to proper level or pour fresh fluid
Damaged or out of adjustment speed control rod linkage - Adjust or repair rod linkage
Damaged relief valve - Replace valve as required
Transmission is under excessive load - Reduce the load is required
Damaged or worn transmission parts - Inspect transmission parts for malfunctions and change if required
Transmission overheating
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Fill up the transmission fluid
Transmission fluid filter element is dirty - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Clogged or damaged cooling components - Check all cooling components and clean or replace if required
Excessive transmission load - The load should be reduced
Loss of power
Insufficient fluid supply - Fill the transmission housing with fluid
Insufficient charge pressure - Test charge pressure
Relief valve is defective or worn - Install a new valve
Transmission oil leakage
Gaskets or seals are defective Change defective gaskets or seal
Transmission housing internal pressure is excessive - Inspect hydrostatic transmission parts for malfunction and change if required
Plugged transmission fluid drain pipe - Service or change drain pipe

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheats
Hydraulic system pressure is not corrected - The pressure must be adjusted correctly
Misadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Hydraulic fluid is dirty - Hydraulic fluid change required
Hydraulic system sucks air - Check the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid pressure is low
Hydraulic oil level is insufficient - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Change hydraulic filter element or clean if necessary
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Change or set correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Hydraulic piping leaks - Detect leaks in the system and fix it
Three-point hitch lifting is too slow or cannot be lifted
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Check and refill the hydraulic fluid
Cold fluid in hydraulic system - Wait for fluid to warm up
Hydraulic oil filter clogging - Install a new hydraulic filter element
Hydraulic pump not working - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Main relief valve failure or incorrect setting - Replace or set up the relief valve
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Suction line is damaged or disconnected - Connect or replace
3-point hitch lowers slowly or won't lower
Hydraulic control valve is not set properly or defective - Replace or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Damaged hitch rock shaft - Change the shaft
Hitch has mechanical defects - Change defective or worn hitch components
Hitch lowering or lifting is not smoothly
Aeration in hydraulic system - Check the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Hydraulic spool valve is defective or set improper - Change or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Hard Steering
Steering knuckle or steering column is stuck - Inspect steering column and knuckle, replace worn parts as required
Steering gearbox components are worn - Replace defective components of steering gearbox
Faulty drag link or tie rod - Replace or repair
Insufficient lubrication in steering box - Need to lubricate the gearbox
Not adjusted toe-in alignment - Check and adjust toe-in
Tires are not correctly inflated - Inflate tires as necessary
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column bearing or shaft is worn - Change faulty parts
Steering linkage assembly is worn or loose - Repair or replace steering linkage
Worn steering gearbox bearings - Replace the bearings
Front wheel hub bearings or steering knuckles are worn - Change hub bearings or knuckles
Damaged or worn steering tie-rod ends - Change faulty part
Tractor pulls to right or left
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Repair or replace steering linkage
Defective steering knuckle bushing - Replace knuckle bushing
Uneven tire pressure - Inflate the tires properly
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294