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Ford 1310 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1310 is a 2WD or 4WD compact utility tractor. This model was manufactured by Shibaura built from 1983 to 1986. The Ford 1310 tractor is powered by Shibaura S753 three-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine with a maximum power of 19.1 Hp (14.2 kW) and 53 Nm (39 lb-ft) max torque at 1800 rpm.

The Ford 1310 tractor is fitted with 2 types of transmission. Type 1: 12x4 unsynchronized gear transmission. Type 2: 12x4 partially synchronized transmission. The maximum forward speed - 11.9 mph (19.2 kph), maximum reverse speed - 9.8 mph (15.8 kph).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a rated fluid flow of 6.4 gpm (24.2 lpm). The hydraulic system pressure is 147 bar (2135 psi). The 2-wheel drive models are equipped with 4.00x12 front tires and 8.3x24 rear tires. The 6.00x12 or 25x8.50-14 front tires and 12.4x16 or 13.6x28 rear tires are used for tractors with 4-wheel drive. The wheelbase is 63" (1600 mm).

Compatible attachments for the Ford 1310 tractor: a 60" mid-mount 3-blade mower deck, 48" or 59" rear-mount 3-blade mower deck with hydraulic lift, 48" or 60" rear-mount two-stage snowblower with hydraulic lifting system, Ford 770A front end loader, Ford 770B front end loader, and Ford 757A backhoe with max digging depth of 76.5" (1940 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine won't start or hard to start
Clogged fuel filter element - Clean or change the filter
No fuel injection - Open fuel cock to inject fuel
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Clogged fuel injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Replace injection pump or repair it
Poor cylinder compression - Inspect cylinder block and replace worn components
Engine shuts off while driving
Engine has not warmed up to recommended temperature - Warm up engine as required
Air in fuel pipes - Bleed fuel pipes
Bad fuel injection - Check and adjust
Fuel filter is clogged - Service or replace the filter
Faulty or dirty injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Diesel engine stalls after starting
Incorrectly set fuel injection pump timing - Correct injection timing
Plugged fuel filter - Install new filter element
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Check and change nozzles as required
Damaged fuel injection pump - Repair or change injection pump
Dirty air cleaner element - Replace or service air cleaner element
Engine stalls when idling
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Adjust as required
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Repair or install new pump
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Change or clean injector nozzles
The valve clearance is incorrect - Need to adjust valve clearance
Engine overheated
Low engine coolant - Top up coolant. Check for leaks or other malfunctions
Cooling system is clogged or cooling components are defective - Replace faulty parts or flush the cooling system
Low engine oil level - Fill up the oil to required level
Fan belt is broken or belt tension is unadjusted - Change or adjust belt tension correctly
Thermostat is defective - Replace the thermostat
Diesel power loss
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Improper fuel injection pressure - Correct the pressure settings
Air filter element is dirty - Clean or replace the air filter element
Oil filter is clogged - Replace or clean engine oil filter element
Engine is overloaded - Reduce the load or use a lower gear
Valve out of adjustment - Check and adjust as required
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Need to adjust idle speed
Restricted fuel pipes or hoses - Fuel pipes and hoses need to be cleaned
Engine lost compression: Leaking or faulty valves - Replace the valves
Abnormal engine knocking or noise
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Correct injection timing
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Change or clean injector nozzles
Engine oil level low - Add oil to the engine crankcase
Engine has not warmed up to recommended temperature - Warm up the engine
Worn crankshaft or main bearings - Change defective components as required
Piston rings are damaged or broken - Piston rings replacement required
Loose flywheel screws - Check the flywheel screws and tighten as required
Engine oil consumption is too high
Oil leakage: Gaskets or seals may be damaged - Change to repair leaks
Wrong oil viscosity - Use proper viscosity oil
Worn or stuck piston rings - Piston rings replacement required
Valve guides or stems are damaged - Change the valves
Cylinder liners or pistons are damaged - Check liners and pistons, install new components as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery won’t charge
Battery faulty cell - Battery replacement required
Battery electrical wire harness damage - Check battery wires for damage, replace or change
Loose or corroded cables and terminals - Tighten or clean cables and terminals
Belt damage or incorrect belt tension adjustment - Change belt or correctly adjust belt tension
Starter cranks slowly
Battery voltage is low - Battery is drained, recharge it
Battery won’t hold charge - Service charging system or install new battery
Battery wiring harness damage - Inspect battery wiring for damage, replace or repair
Corroded or loose cables and terminals - Tighten or service cables and terminals
Starter is not working
Low battery voltage - Battery is drained, recharge it
Drained or defective battery - Replace or charge as required
Starter motor is damaged - Starter should be replaced
Disconnected or incorrectly connected cables - Inspect battery cables and connect correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard shifting
Clutch is unadjusted or worn - Adjust or install new clutch
Stuck or damaged gear shift linkage - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Change the shift forks
Defective gearshift mechanism - Replace defective components
Insufficient transmission oil pressure
Insufficient oil supply - Correct the transmission oil level
Plugged transmission fluid filter (if equipped) - Change or service the transmission fluid filter
Relief valve sticking - Change relief valve
Transmission is excessively noisy
Cracked or worn bearings - Change faulty bearings
Low transmission oil level - Check transmission oil level and add oil as required
Transmission fluid contamination - Fill up with fresh transmission fluid
Improper backlash or damaged gears - Replace gears or set backlash correctly
Worn or damaged shift forks - Change the shift forks
External fluid leaks
Gaskets or seals are damaged - Replace worn seal or gaskets
Cracked transmission housing - Housing needs to be replaced

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheated
Hydraulic system pressure is not adjusted correctly - Correct adjustment is required
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Set up or change the relief valve
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Air trapped in the hydraulic system - Check the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Low hydraulic oil pressure
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Add fluid to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic oil filter clogging - Install a new hydraulic filter element
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Check pump flow and change pump if necessary
Hydraulic spool valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Hydraulic pipes are leaking - Identify leaks in the system and repair it
3-point hitch does not raise or raises very slowly
Not enough hydraulic oil in the system - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic oil is too cold - Allow oil to warm
Hydraulic fluid filter clogging - Change hydraulic filter element or clean if necessary
Defective hydraulic pump - Check hydraulic pump flow and replace pump if necessary
Main relief valve is defective or unadjusted - Adjust relief valve or change if required
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve block - Change or adjust properly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Damaged or loose hydraulic suction line - Tighten or change it
Hitch can't drop or drops too slowly
Hydraulic spool valve is not set properly or defective - Adjust properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required
Hitch cross shaft is worn - Install a new shaft
Damaged mechanical components of the hitch - Change worn or defective hitch components
Hitch jerks when lower or lift
Air enters in hydraulic system - Check the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil
Defective hydraulic pump - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary
Hydraulic control valve is not set properly or defective - Replace or set correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is difficult to turn
Steering column is worn or incorrectly mounted - Change the steering column or mount it correctly
Air in steering system - Bleed air
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in wheels properly
Tire pressure is not correct - Check tire pressure and inflate as required
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Steering pump needs to be repaired or replaced
Faulty or worn power steering control valve - Inspect and replace as required
Damaged steering gearbox components - Repair power steering box
Relief valve sticking or failure - Install a new relief valve or clean it
Low steering oil level - Fill up the steering oil
Oil leaks in the steering system - Tighten the steering hose and line joints
Steering wheel free play is excessive
Steering column shaft or coupling has maximum wear - Change defective component
Defective or worn power steering control valve - Change or repair steering control valve if required
Faulty steering box parts - Repair power steering gearbox
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Replace or repair steering pump
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are defective - Replace damaged part
Tractor pulls to right or left
Low tire pressure - Inflate the tires
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in properly
Worn or faulty steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Replace failed part
Damaged steering gearbox components - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Worn or damaged power steering control valve - Change or repair steering control valve if required
Front hub bearings are incorrectly adjusted or worn - Adjust properly or change bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294