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Ford 1600 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1600 compact utility tractor was manufactured from 1976 to 1979. The Ford 1600 is equipped with a 77.6 cubic inches Shibaura LE892 two-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine rated at 25 hp (18.6 kW). The transmission includes a dry clutch and gearbox with 9 forward and 3 reverse gears. Max. travel speed (forward/reverse): 8.7 mph (14 km/h) and 7.2 (11.6 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with rated fluid flow of 4.2 gpm (15.9 lpm). The hydraulic system pressure is 98 bar (1420 psi). The 2-wheel drive models are equipped with 5.00x15 front tires and 11.2x24 rear tires.

The 20x8.00-10 front tires and 13.6x16 rear tires are used for tractors with 4-wheel drive. The wheel base is 62.6" (1590 mm) for 4x2 (2WD) models and 66.3" (1680 mm) for 4x4 (4WD) models. The Ford 1600 tractor is compatible with a 60" mid-mount mower deck, and Ford 770 loader with a lift capacity to full height (at pin) of 700 lbs (317 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Diesel will not start or hard to start
Plugged fuel filter - Service or replace the filter
Fuel supply valve is closed - Open fuel supply valve
Water, dirt, or air in fuel system - Drain, flush, fill, and bleed system
Faulty or dirty injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Faulty fuel injection pump - Install a new pump or rebuild
Engine has bad compression - Inspect and replace faulty parts
Engine shuts off unexpectedly during operation
Coolant temperature is low - Warm up engine as required
Water, dirt, or air in fuel system - Drain, flush, fill, and bleed system
Uneven fuel injections - Repair or adjustment
Dirty fuel filter element - Install new filter element
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Diesel starts but then stalls
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Check and correct settings
Fuel filter is dirty - Clean the filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are defective or dirty - Install a new set of well-balanced nozzles
Faulty fuel injection pump - Install a new fuel pump or repair
Air cleaner element is dirty - Service or replace the air cleaner
Engine stalls while idling
Low idle speed setting is incorrect - Correct the settings
Fuel injection pump is defective - Rebuild or install a new injection pump
Damaged or clogged injector nozzles - Check and change nozzles as required
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjustment procedure required
Engine overheating
Engine coolant is insufficient - Refill to the correct level. Check for coolant leaks
Cooling system parts are defective or system is clogged - Service the cooling system or replace faulty components
Engine oil insufficient - Check and refill engine oil
Improper fan belt tension or damaged belt - Adjust correctly or install new belt
Thermostat malfunction - Test thermostat opening temperature, replace as required
Engine power is reduced
Clogged fuel injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Check the fuel injection pressure and adjust if necessary
Air filter element is clogged - Air filter maintenance required
Oil filter element clogging - Service or replace engine oil filter
Engine is under excessive load - Reduce the load or operate the tractor in lower gears
The valve clearance is incorrect - Adjust to proper valve clearance
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Adjust as required
Dirt in the fuel pipes or hoses - Service fuel hoses and pipes
Low engine compression: Worn or damaged valves - Replace the valves as required
Engine knocking or noise
Timing of fuel injection pump is wrong - Check the fuel injection pump timing setting
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Engine oil level is low - Fill up the oil to required level
Low coolant temperature - Normalize the engine temperature
Main bearings or crankshaft failure - Crankshaft or bearings need to be replaced
Defective or broken piston rings - Piston rings need to be replaced
Loose flywheel bolts - Inspect flywheel bolts and tighten properly
Diesel engine using too much oil
Oil leaks: Worn gaskets or seals - Change worn parts according to specifications
Oil viscosity is wrong - Use proper viscosity oil
Piston rings are seized or worn - Change piston rings
Damaged valve stems or valve guides - Replace the valves
Damaged pistons or cylinder liners - Inspect liners and pistons, replace as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Defective battery - Battery change required
Bad battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for malfunctions, replace or repair
Battery terminals and cables are corroded or loose - Clean or tighten terminals and cables
Improper belt tension adjustment or damaged belt - Replace belt or properly adjust belt tension
Starter turns slowly
Low battery output - Battery is drained, recharge it
Battery runs out quickly - Service or replace the battery
Bad battery cable harness - Inspect cables for malfunctions, repair or change
Loose or corroded cables and terminals - Terminals and cables need to be tightened or cleaned
Starter will not crank
Battery power is low - Battery is drained, charge it
Discharged or worn battery - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced
Starter motor failure - Repair or replace starter
Wiring harness is disconnected or improperly connected - Check wiring harness and reconnect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gear shift is hard
Misadjusted or defective clutch - Adjust clutch or replace if required
Gear shift linkage is stuck or worn - Repair or change shift linkage
Bent or worn shift forks - Replace the shift forks
Faulty parts in the gear shifting mechanism - Change faulty parts
Low transmission fluid pressure
Not enough oil in transmission - Add transmission oil as required
Transmission fluid filter is plugged (if fitted) - Replace or clean transmission fluid filter
Damaged relief valve - Install a new valve
Transmission is making noise
Broken or worn bearings - Replace the bearings
Oil level is insufficient - Add transmission oil as required
Dirty transmission oil - Transmission oil must be changed
Worn gears or improper backlash - Set backlash properly or change the gears
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Change defective shift forks
Transmission fluid leaking
Gaskets or seals are broken - Seals and gaskets replacement required
Transmission housing is cracked - Replace housing or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheats
System pressure has not been adjusted correctly - Pressure needs to be adjust correctly
Main relief valve failure or incorrect setting - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic oil is dirty - Hydraulic oil change required
Aeration in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Low hydraulic system pressure
Lack of hydraulic fluid - Check and refill the hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic oil filter element clogging - Clean the hydraulic filter or install new filter element
Hydraulic pump not working - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Hydraulic control valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Leakage in hydraulic pipes - Inspect hydraulic system for leaks and repair it
3-point hitch raises slowly or won't raise
Lack of hydraulic fluid - Add fluid to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic oil is too cold - Allow oil to warm
Hydraulic fluid filter element is dirty - Clean the hydraulic filter or install new filter element
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Faulty or incorrectly adjusted main relief valve - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Change or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Loose or damaged suction line - Tighten or replace
Hitch drops too slowly or can't drop
Hydraulic spool valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Set correctly or replace
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Worn hitch rock shaft - Replace the shaft
Mechanical components of the hitch are defective - Replace damaged or worn hitch parts
3-point hitch lifting or lowering is jerky
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid contamination - Change hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve is not set properly or defective - Set properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Check the cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Hard Steering
Steering knuckle or steering column is stuck - Inspect steering column and knuckle, replace worn parts as required
Steering gearbox components are worn - Replace defective components of steering gearbox
Faulty drag link or tie rod - Replace or repair
Insufficient lubrication in steering box - Need to lubricate the gearbox
Not adjusted toe-in alignment - Check and adjust toe-in
Tires are not correctly inflated - Inflate tires as necessary
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column bearing or shaft is worn - Change faulty parts
Steering linkage assembly is worn or loose - Repair or replace steering linkage
Worn steering gearbox bearings - Replace the bearings
Front wheel hub bearings or steering knuckles are worn - Change hub bearings or knuckles
Damaged or worn steering tie-rod ends - Change faulty part
Tractor pulls to right or left
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Repair or replace steering linkage
Defective steering knuckle bushing - Replace knuckle bushing
Uneven tire pressure - Inflate the tires properly
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294