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Ford 1700 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1700 is a compact utility tractor from Hundred compact series. This model was manufactured by Shibaura built between 1979 and 1982. The Ford 1700 powertrain system components: Shibaura LE892 two-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine and gear transmission with 12 forward and 4 reverse gears.

A 77.6 cu.in (1.3 L) engine has a cylinder bore of 3.54 in (90 mm), piston stroke of 3.94 in (100 mm), and rated power of 25 hp (18.6 kW). Max. travel speed (forward/reverse): 12.3 mph (19.8 kph) and 8.6 mph (13.8 kph).

The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with rated fluid flow of 7.8 gal/min (29.5 l/min). The hydraulic pressure is 127 bar (1850 psi). The two-wheel drive models are equipped with 5.00x15 front tyres and 11.2-24 rear tyres. The 20x8.00-10 front tyres and 13.6-16 rear tyres fit four-wheel drive tractors. The wheelbase is 60.2 in (1520 mm) for 2WD models and 59.3 in (1500 mm) for 4WD models.

The Ford 1700 is compatible with a 60" mid-mount 3-blade mower deck, 60" front-mount snowblower, Ford 770 loader with a lifting capacity to max height of 700 lbs (317 kg), and Ford 770A loader with a lifting capacity to max height of 600 lbs (272 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or hard to start
Fuel filter plugging - Filter maintenance required
Fuel shut-off valve closed - Open the fuel shut-off valve
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Dirty or damaged injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Defective fuel injection pump - Change pump or rebuild it
Poor engine compression - Check and change damaged parts
Engine stops running unexpectedly
Engine is cold - Warm up engine to required temperature
Air in fuel system - Air-bleed fuel system
Improper fuel injection - Fuel injection settings required
Fuel filter clogging - Service the filter
Clogged or damaged injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Engine starts and immediately stops
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel filter is dirty - Service or replace the filter
Clogged or damaged injector nozzles - Change injector nozzles
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Rebuild or install a new injection pump
Air cleaner clogging - Change or replace air cleaner element
Engine shuts off while idling
Incorrect low idle setting - Adjustment required
Fuel injection pump is not working correctly - Replace or repair injection pump
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged - Service or replace injector nozzles
Valve clearance is wrong - Check and adjust as required
Engine overheating
Lack of engine coolant - Fill the radiator to the required level. If there are leaks in the system, replace worn components
Cooling system is dirty or cooling components are damaged - Flush cooling system or replace faulty parts
Engine oil level is insufficient - Fill the crankcase with engine oil
Fan belt tension is unadjusted or belt is worn - Adjust belt tension correctly or replace it
Thermostat fault - Replace the thermostat
Engine loses power
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Fuel injection pressure is incorrect - Adjust to correct pressure
Clogged air filter element - Change or service air filter element
Dirty oil filter element - Service or change engine oil filter element
Diesel engine is overloaded - Load reducing is recommended
Incorrect valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Too low idle RPM - Normalize low idle speed
Dirt in the hoses or pipes - Clean fuel system hoses and pipes
Loss of compression: Valves are broken or leaking - Install new valves
Abnormal engine knocking or noise
Fuel injection pump out of timing - Check and correct settings
Clogged or damaged injector nozzles - Install new set of properly balanced nozzles
Low engine oil level - Fill up the engine oil
Engine not warmed up - Normalize the engine temperature
Worn main bearings or crankshaft - Install new parts
Piston rings are defective or broken - Replace the piston rings as required
Loose flywheel screws - Inspect the flywheel screws and tighten securely
Engine using too much oil
Oil leaks: Defective seals or gaskets - Replace defective parts
Oil viscosity is incorrect - Fill up with the correct oil viscosity
Worn or broken piston rings - Replace piston rings
Valve guides or stems are damaged - Replace the valves
Scuffed pistons or cylinder liners - Inspect pistons and liners, fit new components as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge
Dead cell in battery - Change the battery
Battery wiring harness failure - Inspect electrical cables for defects, repair or replace
Loose or corroded battery terminals and cables - Clean or tighten cables and terminals
Defective belt or improperly adjusted belt tension - Adjust belt tension correctly or change belt
Starter cranks slowly
Low battery output voltage - Low battery charging, charge as required
Battery discharges quickly - Battery needs service or replacement
Damaged battery cable harness - Check electrical cables for damage, repair or replace
Corroded or loose battery terminals and cables - Clean or tighten cables and terminals
Starter motor is not working
Low battery output - Recharge the battery
Drained or defective battery - Recharge or change battery
Faulty starter motor - Repair or change starter
Battery cables are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check cables and reconnect it correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard shifts
Incorrectly adjusted or damaged clutch - Clutch adjustment or replacement required
Gear shift linkage is stuck or worn - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Replace the shift forks
Gearshift mechanism is worn out - Repair or replace worn components if required
Insufficient transmission fluid pressure
Fluid level is low - Check and refill the transmission fluid
Transmission oil filter element is dirty (if fitted) - Change or clean the transmission oil filter
Relief valve failure - Install a new valve
Transmission is making noise
Cracked or worn bearings - Bearings need to be replaced
Low transmission fluid level - Add transmission fluid as required
Contaminated transmission oil - Change transmission oil
Gears are worn or backlash is improper - Change the gears or adjust backlash correctly
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Install new shift forks
External oil leaks
Worn gaskets or seals - Install new seal or gaskets
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Excessive hydraulic system heat
Incorrect pressure in hydraulic system - Changing the system pressure
Main relief valve is damaged or adjusted improperly - Set up or change the relief valve
Dirty hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed
Air in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Insufficient hydraulic fluid pressure
Not enough hydraulic oil in the system - Check oil level and add hydraulic oil as required
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Clean or replace the hydraulic filter
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Flow-rate hydraulic pump and replace pump if necessary
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic control valve - Set correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Check the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Hydraulic lines are leaking - Detect leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Hitch fails to lift or lifts slowly
Hydraulic oil level is low - Check oil level and add hydraulic oil as required
Cold hydraulic oil - Warm up the oil
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Clean the hydraulic filter element or replace if necessary
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Test pump flow rate and replace pump if required
Misadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust or change relief valve
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust correctly or replace
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Check the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Suction pipe is broken or loose - Tighten the pipe or replace it
Hitch won't lower or lowers slowly
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve block - Change or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Check the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Worn hitch cross shaft - Install a new shaft
The hitch has internal mechanical malfunctions - Change worn or damaged hitch parts
Hitch is lowered or raised jerkily
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Check the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil
Hydraulic pump failure - Check pump capacity and change if necessary
Hydraulic control valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is very heavy to turn
Steering column is defective or incorrectly installed - Steering column must be installed correctly or replaced
Aeration in steering system - Need to bleed air
Incorrect toe-in adjustment - Adjust toe-in properly
Tire pressure is improper - Inflate the tires properly
Worn steering pump - Repair or replace steering pump
Steering control valve is worn or defective - Inspect and change as required
Damaged steering gear box parts - Replace defective parts of power steering box
Low steering fluid level - Fill the steering system with fluid
Oil leakage in the steering system - Retighten the connections of the hydraulic steering lines and hoses
Excessive free play of steering wheel
Worn steering column shaft or coupling - Replace defective part
Damaged or worn steering control valve - Change or repair steering control valve if required
Damaged steering gearbox components - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Steering pump malfunction - Check the steering pump and replace if necessary
Faulty or worn steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Replace failed part
Tractor pulls to left or right
Tires are incorrectly inflated - Inflate as required
Incorrect toe-in - Check toe-in and correct
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are defective - Replace failed component
Faulty steering box components - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Defective or worn steering control valve - Repair or change the steering control valve
Front hub bearings are improperly adjusted or defective - Adjust correctly or install new bearings




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MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
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