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Ford 1710 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1710 Ten compact series compact utility tractor was manufactured from 1983 to 1986. The Ford 1710 powerline components: Shibaura H843 three-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine and unsynchronized transmission with 12 forward and 4 reverse gears, or 12x4 partially synchronized gear transmission.

A 85.2 cubic inches (1.4 L) engine has a cylinder bore of 3.31" (84 mm), piston stroke of 3.31" (84 mm), and rated power of 26 hp (19.4 kW). The maximum travel speed is 12.5 mph (forward) and 8.7 mph (reverse). The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with a flow rate of 7.8 gal/min (29.5 l/min).

The hydraulic system pressure is 2135 psi (147 bar). The 4WD models are equipped with 6.00x16 (standard) or 27x8.50-15 (turf) front tires and 11.2x24 (standard) or 13.6x16 (turf) rear tires. The 5.00x15 front tires and 11.2x24 rear tires are used for 2WD tractors. The wheelbase is 63" (1600 mm). The 1710 tractor is compatible with a mid-mount Ford 915 mower deck, rear-mount Ford 715 snowblower, and Ford 770A front end loader.

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine doesn't start or starts hard
Plugged fuel filter - Replace the filter element
Fuel is not supplied from the tank to the system - Check the fuel shut-off valve
Air in fuel lines - Bleed fuel lines
Clogged or damaged injectors - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump is broken - Repair or replace injection pump
Bad engine compression - Inspect cylinder block and change defective components
Engine stops during operation
Engine not warmed up - Warm up the engine
Air in fuel pipes - Bleed fuel pipes
Irregular fuel injection - Adjust fuel injection timing
Fuel filter plugging - Clean or replace the filter
Dirty or damaged injectors - Change fuel injectors
Diesel starts but suddenly stops
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Check the fuel injection pump timing setting
Fuel filter clogging - Replace filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Change or clean injector nozzles
Defective fuel injection pump - Repair or replace injection pump
Air cleaner element is clogged - Replace or clean the air cleaner element
Engine stops at low idle speed
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Correct low idle settings
Fuel injection pump is broken - Rebuild or replace pump
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
The valve clearance is incorrect - Have it adjusted
Engine is overheated
Engine has a lack of coolant - Fill the cooling system. Any leaks must be repaired
Cooling system components are defective or system is clogged - Service the cooling system or replace faulty components
Engine oil level is low - Check oil level and add oil as required
Broken fan belt or unadjusted belt tension - Replace or adjust belt tension properly
Defective or wrong type of thermostat - Install new thermostat
Engine power loss
Clogged or damaged injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Adjust pressure to proper level
Air filter is dirty - Replace or service air filter element
Oil filter element is dirty - Clean or replace engine oil filter element
Engine is overloaded - Load reducing is recommended
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Need to adjust valve clearance
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Test and adjust
Dirty fuel hoses or pipes - Clean fuel system pipes and hoses
Insufficient engine compression: Valves are damaged or leaking - Replace the valves
Engine knocks or noises
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Correct injection timing
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty or defective - Service or replace injector nozzles
Not enough engine oil - Check and refill engine oil
Engine has not warmed up to recommended temperature - Warm up the engine
Worn crankshaft or main bearings - Have bearings or crankshaft replaced
Broken or worn piston rings - Piston rings replacement required
Loose flywheel bolts - Inspect flywheel bolts and tighten properly
Diesel engine consuming too much oil
External oil leaks: Worn seals or gaskets - New components need to be installed
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use oil of proper viscosity
Piston rings are stuck or worn - Have piston rings replaced
Valve stems and guides are worn - Change the valves
Worn cylinder liners or pistons - Inspect pistons and liners, change as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery won’t charge
Battery bad cell - Use a new battery
Battery cable harness failure - Check battery electrical cable for defects, replace or repair
Battery terminals and cables are loose or corroded - Cables and terminals must be tightened or cleaned
Belt slipping or wrong belt tension adjustment - Adjust belt tension properly or change belt
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery capacity - Recharge the battery
Battery runs out quickly - Service battery or change it
Battery cable harness damage - Check battery cables for damage, change or repair
Corroded or loose battery cables and terminals - Service or tighten battery cables and terminals
Starter doesn't crank
Battery power is low - Battery needs to be recharged
Drained or faulty battery - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced
Starter motor is faulty - Change or repair starter
Disconnected or incorrectly connected cables - Need to reconnect cables correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gear shift is hard
Worn or misadjusted clutch - Adjust or change the clutch
Damaged or loose gear shift linkage - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Change defective shift forks
Faulty gear shifting mechanism - Faulty parts must be changed
Transmission fluid pressure is insufficient
Oil level is low - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Transmission fluid filter clogging (if fitted) - Replace or clean transmission fluid filter
Relief valve is faulty - Replace relief valve
Transmission makes excessive noise
Damaged or worn bearings - Install new bearings
Not enough oil in transmission - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Dirty transmission fluid - Transmission fluid must be changed
Damaged gears or improper backlash - Replace gears or adjust backlash properly
Worn or damaged shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced
Transmission fluid leakage
Gaskets or seals are defective Gaskets or seal need to be replaced
Cracked transmission housing - Housing needs to be replaced

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheated
Improper pressure in hydraulic system - Adjust properly
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Hydraulic fluid contamination - Change hydraulic fluid
Air trapped in the hydraulic system - Inspect the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Hydraulic oil pressure is insufficient
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Check and refill the hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic fluid filter clogging - Hydraulic filter maintenance required
Hydraulic pump not working - Check pump capacity and change if necessary
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve block - Replace or adjust properly
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Hydraulic pipes are leaking - Detect leaks in the system and fix it
Hitch won't lift or lifts slowly
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Add fluid to the hydraulic system
Cold hydraulic fluid - Warm up the fluid
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Service the hydraulic filter or change if required
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Check pump flow and install new pump if necessary
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Replace or set up the relief valve
Hydraulic control valve is not set properly or defective - Change or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Damaged or loose suction line - Tighten or change
3-point hitch fails to drop or drops slowly
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Change or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Damaged hitch cross shaft - Install a new shaft
Internal mechanical failure of the hitch - Replace faulty or worn hitch parts
Jerky lowering or lifting of the hitch
Aeration in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Fill up with new hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Replace or set properly
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is hard to turn
Steering column is broken or improperly installed - Steering column must be installed properly or replaced
Air leaks in steering system - Bleed air
Not adjusted toe-in - Check toe-in and correct
Improper tire pressure - Check the pressure and inflate tires as required
Steering pump is worn - Repair or change steering pump
Power steering control valve is defective or worn - Check and replace as required
Faulty steering box components - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Steering oil level low - Add oil to steering system
Oil leaks in the steering system - Tighten joints of hydraulic pipes and hoses in steering system
Excessive steering wheel play
Steering column coupling or shaft has maximum wear - Replace faulty component
Defective or worn power steering control valve - Inspect and replace as required
Damaged steering gear box parts - Change defective steering box parts
Faulty steering pump - Install a new hydraulic steering pump
Worn or faulty steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Replace failed component
Tractor is pulling to right or left
Tire pressure is low - Tires need to be inflated
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in properly
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are worn - Change failed component
Worn steering gear box components - Change defective steering gear box components
Faulty or worn power steering control valve - Change or repair steering control valve if required
Damaged or improperly adjusted or worn front hub bearings - Replace the bearings or adjust it properly




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JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
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MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294