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Ford 2110 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 2110 is a two-wheel drive or four-wheel drive compact utility tractor from Ten compact series. This model was manufactured by Shibaura built between 1983 and 1987. The Ford 2110 is powered by 138.4 cu.in (2.27 L) Shibaura T854B 4-cylinder engine with max. output power of 38 hp (28.3 kW) at 2500 rpm.

The Ford 2110 tractor was fitted with 2 types of transmission. Type 1: 12x4 unsynchronized gear transmission. Type 2: 12x4 partially synchronized gear transmission. The maximum travel speed (forward and reverse): 17.6 mph (28.3 km/h) / 15.6 mph (25.1 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with fluid flow rate of 8.6 gal/min (32.5 l/min). The main relief pressure is 147 bar (2135 psi). The 4WD models are equipped with 8.00x18 or 27x8.50-15 front tyres and 13.6x28 or 18.4x16.1 rear tyres. The 6.00x16 or 25x8.50-14 front tyres and 13.6x28 or 18.4x16.1 rear tyres fit 2WD tractors. The wheelbase is 73.4" (1860 mm) for 2-wheel drive models and 75.6" (1920 mm) for 4-wheel drive models.

The Ford 2110 tractor is compatible with a 60" rear-mount two-stage snow blower with hydraulic lift, Ford 776A loader with lift capacity to full height of 2500 lbs (1134 kg), Ford 776B front end loader with breakout force of 3750 lbs (1701 kg), and Ford 758A backhoe with max digging depth of 96" (2430 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or difficult to start
Fuel filter is dirty - Change the filter element
Closed fuel supply valve - Open supply valve to inject fuel
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air
Dirty or faulty injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Fuel injection pump is defective - Change or repair the pump
Engine has bad compression - Inspect cylinder block and change defective components
Engine stops unexpectedly while running
Engine is not fully warmed up - Warm up engine to required temperature
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Irregular fuel injection - Adjust fuel injection timing
Fuel filter clogging - Clean or change the filter
Faulty or dirty injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Diesel starts and immediately stops
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Adjust injection timing
Fuel filter clogging - Change the filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Change injector nozzles
Faulty fuel injection pump - Rebuild or install a new injection pump
Air cleaner is clogged - Replace or clean the air cleaner element
Engine stalls at idle
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Adjustment required
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Replace injection pump or repair it
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty or defective - Change injector nozzles
Improper valve clearance - Have it adjusted
Engine overheated
Not enough coolant - Top up coolant. Inspect the system for leaks
Cooling system parts are damaged or system is dirty - Service the cooling system or change faulty parts
Not enough engine oil - Check and refill engine oil
Fan belt tension is improper or belt is damaged - Adjust belt tension properly or replace it
Defective thermostat - Replace the thermostat
Lack of engine power
Faulty or dirty injectors - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Improper fuel injection pressure - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly
Dirty air filter element - Air filter maintenance required
Clogged oil filter element - Change or service engine oil filter
Engine overload - Shift to lower gear or reduce the load
Excessive valve clearance - Need to adjust valve clearance
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Normalize low idle speed
Restricted fuel hoses or pipes - Clean fuel pipes and hoses
Engine compression is low: Valves are defective or worn - Replace the valves as required
Engine knocking or noise
Fuel injection pump out of timing - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged - Install new set of properly balanced nozzles
Engine oil level low - Add oil to the engine crankcase
Coolant temperature is low - Warm up engine to required temperature
Crankshaft or main bearings wear - Replace crankshaft or bearings
Piston rings are worn or broken - Replace piston rings
Flywheel bolts are loose - Bolts need to be tightened
Engine using too much oil
Oil leaks: Gaskets or seals may be damaged - New components need to be installed
Incorrect oil viscosity - Use proper viscosity oil
Worn or broken piston rings - Piston rings replacement required
Valve guides and stems are worn - Replace defective valves
Pistons or cylinder liners are damaged - Check pistons and liners, change as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Faulty cell in battery - Battery replacement required
Battery electrical wire harness failure - Inspect wires for defects, change or repair
Corroded or loose battery terminals and cables - Service or tighten battery cables and terminals
Improper belt tension adjustment or damaged belt - Adjust belt tension correctly or replace belt
Starter turns slowly
Battery capacity is low - Battery is drained, recharge it
Battery won’t hold charge - Service charging system or change battery
Damaged battery cable harness - Check electrical cables for damage, repair or replace
Corroded or loose terminals and cables - Tighten or clean cables and terminals
Starter motor won't turn
Low battery voltage - Recharge the battery
Drained or faulty battery - Charge or change the battery
Starter motor failure - Starter needs to be replaced
Battery cables are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check cables and reconnect it correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard shifting
Incorrectly adjusted or damaged clutch - Clutch adjustment or replacement required
Stuck or damaged gear shift linkage - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Bent or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced
Faulty gear shifting mechanism - Faulty parts must be changed
Low transmission oil pressure
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Check and refill the transmission fluid
Clogged transmission fluid filter element (if fitted) - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Relief valve failure - Change relief valve
Transmission makes excessive noise
Bearings are worn or cracked - Install new bearings
Not enough oil in transmission - Add transmission oil as required
Dirty transmission fluid - Transmission fluid must be changed
Gears are defective or backlash is incorrect - Replace gears or set backlash properly
Worn or damaged shift forks - Change defective shift forks
Transmission fluid leaking
Worn gaskets or seals - Replace worn seal or gaskets
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is overheated
Hydraulic system pressure is unadjusted - Adjust the pressure as required
Main relief valve failure or incorrect setting - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic fluid contamination - Change hydraulic fluid
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Check the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Hydraulic oil pressure too low
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Add fluid to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Hydraulic filter maintenance required
Hydraulic pump failure - Check pump capacity and change if necessary
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Leakage in hydraulic lines - Detect leaks in the system and fix it
Three-point hitch lifting is too slow or cannot be lifted
Lack of hydraulic fluid - Need to add fluid
Hydraulic oil is too cold - Allow oil to warm
Hydraulic oil filter is dirty - Replace filter element or clean if required
Hydraulic pump is defective - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust or change relief valve
Hydraulic spool valve is defective or set improper - Set properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Suction pipe is damaged or loose - Repair or change
Hitch not dropping or hitch drops slowly
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Change or adjust properly
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Damaged hitch cross shaft - Change the shaft
Internal mechanical malfunction with hitch - Replace defective or worn hitch parts
Hitch jerks when lift or lower
Air in hydraulic system - Check the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Dirty hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve - Replace or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering is stiff
Steering column is worn or improperly fitted - Refit properly or change the steering column
Air leaks in steering system - Air-bleed steering system
Improper toe-in - Adjust toe-in wheels properly
Tires are not correctly inflated - Inflate tires as necessary
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Steering pump needs to be replaced or repaired
Damaged or worn steering cylinder - Check and replace as required
Faulty steering box parts - Change defective steering gear box components
Not enough steering oil - Check oil level and add steering oil as required
Oil leaks in the steering system - Tighten connections of hydraulic hoses and pipes in steering system
Excessive play in steering
Steering column coupling or shaft is extremely worn out - Change defective component
Damaged or worn steering cylinder - Check and replace as required
Worn steering box components - Change defective steering gear box components
Damaged hydraulic steering pump - Install a new steering pump
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are worn - Replace damaged part
Tractor pulls to right or left
Improper tire pressure - Check the pressure and inflate tires as required
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Check and adjust toe-in
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change damaged part
Faulty steering gear box components - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Steering cylinder is worn - Change or repair hydraulic steering cylinder
Improperly adjusted or worn front hub bearings - Adjust properly or replace bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294