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Ford 2310 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 2310 is a 2-wheel drive or 4-wheel drive utility tractor. This model was manufactured between 1982 and 1985. The Ford 2310 is equipped with a 158 cu.in (2.6 L) Ford vertical 3-cylinder water cooled diesel engine rated at 36.5 hp (27.2 kW). The maximum torque is 137 Nm (102 lb-ft) at 1400 rpm.

The Dual-range transmission consists of a dry clutch and gearbox with 8 forward and 2 reverse gears. The maximum forward speed - 18.3 mph (29.5 kph), max. reverse speed - 8.8 mph (14.2 kph). The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a flow rate of 8.5 gpm (32.1 lpm).

The hydraulic pressure is 2500 psi (173 bar). The Ford 2310 is fitted with 6.00x16 front tires and 13.6x28 rear tires. The wheel base is 75.8 in (1920 mm). The tractor is compatible with Ford 730 front end loader with a lift capacity to max height of 2040 lbs (925 kg), or Ford 776B front end loader with a lift capacity to max height of 2500 lbs (1134 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or hard to start
Clogged fuel filter element - Replace filter element
Fuel is not supplied from the tank to the system - Check the fuel shut-off valve
Water, dirt, or air in fuel system - Drain, flush, fill, and bleed system
Dirty or damaged injectors - Service or change fuel injectors
Defective fuel injection pump - Replace injection pump or repair it
Poor cylinder compression - Inspect and replace faulty parts
Diesel stalls while running
Coolant temperature is low - Normalize the engine temperature
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air
Bad fuel injection - Check and adjust
Fuel filter plugging - Service or replace the filter
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Diesel starts but then shuts off
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel filter plugging - Change filter element
Damaged or clogged injector nozzles - Install new set of properly balanced nozzles
Fuel injection pump is broken - Replace or repair injection pump
Clogged air cleaner element - Clean or replace the air cleaner element
Engine stops while idling
Incorrect low idle speed adjustment - Adjust the low idle speed
Fuel injection pump damage - Rebuild or replace pump
Fuel injector nozzles are faulty - Install a new set of well-balanced nozzles
Valve clearance is wrong - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications
Engine overheats
Lack of coolant in cooling system - Fill radiator to proper level. Check system for leaks
Cooling system components are damaged or system is dirty - Replace faulty parts or flush the cooling system
Engine oil level is insufficient - Checking oil level and add if necessary
Damaged fan belt or unadjusted belt tension - Adjust properly or replace the belt
Thermostat fault - Check and replace if required
Loss of engine power
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Adjust to correct pressure
Air filter element is dirty - Replace or clean the air filter element
Engine oil filter is plugged - Clean or replace engine oil filter element
Engine is under excessive load - Change to lower gear or reduce load
Incorrect valve clearance - Correct valve clearance needs to be set
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Correct low idle settings
Clogged fuel pipes or hoses - Clean fuel hoses and pipes
Engine compression is insufficient: Worn or damaged valves - Valve replacement required
Engine noises or knocks
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Adjust injection timing
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty - Service or replace nozzles if required
Engine oil insufficient - Check oil level and add oil as required
Coolant temperature is low - Normalize the engine temperature
Crankshaft or main bearings are worn out - Crankshaft or bearings need to be replaced
Piston rings failure - Replace the piston rings as required
Loose flywheel screws - Check the flywheel screws and tighten as required
Engine consuming too much oil
Oil leaks: Worn gaskets or seals - Install new components
Oil viscosity is incorrect - Use oil of correct viscosity
Piston rings are defective or worn - Have piston rings replaced
Worn valve guides and valve stems - Valves need to be changed
Pistons or cylinder liners are scuffed - Inspect pistons and liners, fit new components as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery is not charging
Battery dead cell - Change the battery
Damaged battery cable harness - Check electrical cables for damage, repair or replace
Loose or corroded terminals and cables - Service or tighten battery terminals and cables
Belt slipping or wrong belt tension adjustment - Replace belt or adjust belt tension correctly
Starter cranks slowly
Low battery power - Battery is drained, charge it
Battery discharges quickly - Service charging system or install new battery
Damaged battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for damage, replace or repair
Corroded or loose battery cables and terminals - Service or tighten battery cables and terminals
Starter will not crank
Low battery output - Battery is drained, recharge it
Discharged or defective battery - Charge or change the battery
Damaged starter motor - Repair or replace starter
Wiring harness is disconnected or improperly connected - Check wiring harness and reconnect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Difficult to shift gears
Misadjusted or defective clutch - Adjust or install new clutch
Gear shift linkage is loose or broken - Service or replace shift linkage
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Replace defective shift forks
Gearshift mechanism is worn out - Repair or replace worn components if required
Insufficient transmission fluid pressure
Oil level is low - Fill up the transmission oil
Transmission oil filter element is clogged (if equipped) - Replace or service transmission oil filter
Relief valve sticking - Change the valve
Transmission is excessively noisy
Broken or worn bearings - Change faulty bearings
Insufficient fluid supply - Fill system with correct transmission fluid level
Transmission fluid contamination - Fill up with fresh transmission fluid
Improper backlash or damaged gears - Replace gears or set backlash correctly
Bent or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be replaced
Transmission fluid leakage
Gaskets or seals are broken - Gaskets or seal need to be replaced
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheats
Incorrect hydraulic pressure adjustments - Adjust correctly
Misadjusted or defective main relief valve - Replace or set up the relief valve
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil
Air in hydraulic system - Check the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Low hydraulic fluid pressure
Lack of hydraulic oil - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Service the hydraulic filter or change if required
Hydraulic pump not working - Check pump flow and install new pump if necessary
Hydraulic control valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust correctly or replace
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Hydraulic pipes are leaking - Inspect hydraulic system for leaks and repair it
Hitch won't lift or lifts slowly
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill up the hydraulic oil
Hydraulic fluid is too cold - Allow fluid to warm
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Clean or change hydraulic filter
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Check pump capacity and change if necessary
Misadjusted or defective main relief valve - Replace or set up the relief valve
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve block - Replace or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Suction pipe is broken or loose - Tighten the pipe or replace it
3-point hitch fails to drop or drops slowly
Hydraulic control valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Lift arm shaft is worn - Install a new shaft
The hitch has mechanical faults - Change faulty or worn hitch parts
Hitch lowering or lifting is not smoothly
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Check pump performance and change it if necessary
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve - Change or set correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Heavy steering
Steering column is broken or improperly installed - Steering column must be installed properly or replaced
Air enters in steering system - Bleed the system of air
Dirty steering filter - Replace steering filter element
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in properly
Deflated front tyres - Inflate tyres as needed
Worn steering pump - Replace or repair steering pump
Worn or defective steering cylinder - Repair or replace the steering cylinder
Worn steering box parts - Replace defective components of power steering gearbox
Insufficient steering oil - Need to add steering oil
Steering system has oil leaks - Retighten steering pipe and hose connections
Steering wheel has too much free-play
Worn steering column coupling or shaft - Replace faulty component
Worn or defective steering cylinder - Repair or replace the steering cylinder
Worn steering gear box parts - Repair power steering box
Hydraulic steering pump is defective - Replace or repair steering pump
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are worn - Change damaged part
Front wheels wander to left or right
Tire pressure is not correct - Check tire pressure and inflate as required
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in properly
Faulty or worn steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Change damaged part
Worn steering gear box parts - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Steering cylinder failure - Replace or repair steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are improperly adjusted or defective - Adjust properly or change bearings




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JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
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MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294