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Ford 7000 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 7000 is a 2-wheel drive utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1971 to 1975. The Ford 7000 tractor is powered by Ford 256 four-cylinder water-cooled diesel engine with a maximum power of 89 hp (66 kW) and 324 Nm (240 lb-ft) of max torque at 1600 rev/min.

The Ford 7000 is equipped with two transmission options: 8x2 Dual-Range constant mesh transmission, and Dual-Power transmission with 16 forward and 4 reverse gears. Max. travel speed (forward and reverse): 18.6 mph (30 km/h) / 8.9 mph (14.4 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with fluid flow rate of 6 gal/min (22.7 l/min). The hydraulic pressure is 172.5 bar (2500 psi). The Ford 7000 tractor was fitted with 7.50x15 or 7.50x16 front tires and 13.6x38 or 15.5x38 rear tires. The wheelbase is 87.5" (2220 mm). The tractor can be equipped with Ford 772 front end loader. The loader has a lift capacity to maximum height of 2500 lbs (1134 kg) and breakout force of 4000 (1814 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine doesn't start or difficult to start
Fuel filter is dirty - Clean the filter element
Closed fuel supply valve - Open supply valve to inject fuel
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replace injection pump or repair it
Low cylinder compression - Check cylinder block and replace defective parts
Diesel shuts off during operation
Engine is not warmed up to required temperature - Warm up engine to required temperature
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Bad fuel injection - Check and adjust
Dirty fuel filter element - Replace filter element
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Engine starts but immediately shuts off
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel filter is dirty - Clean the filter or install new filter element
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Service or replace injector nozzles
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Repair or change injection pump
Air cleaner is dirty - Service or change air cleaner
Engine shuts off while idling
Incorrectly adjusted low idle speed - Need to adjust idle speed
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Install a new fuel pump or repair
Faulty fuel injector nozzles - Change injector nozzles
Improper valve clearance - Check and adjust as required
Engine is overheated
Engine has a lack of coolant - Top up coolant fluid. Check radiator and hoses for leaks
Cooling system parts are worn or system is clogged - Change faulty components or flush the cooling system
Engine oil level low - Need to add engine oil
Fan belt tension is not adjusted or belt is broken - Adjust properly or change the belt
Thermostat is defective - Check thermostat, replace if necessary
Engine power is reduced
Dirty or faulty injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly
Dirty air filter element - Replace or clean the air filter element
Clogged oil filter element - Clean or change engine oil filter
Diesel engine overloaded - Reduce engine load
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Need to adjust valve clearance
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Adjustment required
Clogged fuel hoses or pipes - Clean fuel pipes and hoses
Engine lost compression: Valves are damaged or leaking - Install new valves
Engine noises or knocks
Timing of fuel injection pump is wrong - Check and correct adjustments
Fuel injector nozzles are faulty - Install a new set of well-balanced nozzles
Insufficient engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required
Engine is not preheated - Warm up engine as required
Main bearings or crankshaft wear - Repair or replace defective parts
Defective or broken piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Flywheel bolts are loose - Bolts need to be tightened
Engine oil consumption is too high
Oil leaking: Worn seals or gaskets - Change worn parts according to specifications
Wrong oil viscosity - Use correct viscosity oil
Damaged or seized piston rings - Piston rings replacement required
Damaged valve stems or valve guides - Valves replacement required
Cylinder liners or pistons are worn - Inspect liners and pistons, change as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Dead cell in battery - Use a new battery
Battery electrical wire harness failure - Inspect wires for defects, change or repair
Battery terminals and cables are corroded or loose - Clean or tighten cables and terminals
Improper belt tension adjustment or damaged belt - Change belt or properly adjust belt tension
Starter motor turns slow
Battery voltage is low - Low battery charging, charge as required
Battery discharges quickly - Battery needs service or replacement
Battery cable harness damage - Check battery cables for damage, change or repair
Battery cables and terminals are corroded or loose - Service or tighten battery cables and terminals
Starter does not work
Low battery capacity - Low battery charging, charge as required
Discharged or defective battery - Battery needs to be recharged or replaced
Faulty starter motor - Replace or repair starter
Wiring harness is disconnected or improperly connected - Check wiring harness and reconnect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Difficulty shifting gears
Clutch is not adjusted or faulty - Change or adjust clutch
Stuck or damaged gear shift linkage - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Replace the shift forks
Gear shifting mechanism is worn - Change worn components
Low transmission fluid pressure
Not enough fluid in transmission - Fill system with correct transmission fluid level
Transmission oil filter element is dirty (if fitted) - Change or clean the transmission oil filter
Relief valve sticking - Replace the valve
Transmission is excessively noisy
Bearings are worn or damaged - Replace faulty bearings
Fluid level is low - Fill system with correct transmission fluid level
Contaminated transmission oil - Transmission oil must be changed
Worn gears or improper backlash - Replace gears or set backlash correctly
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Change the shift forks
Transmission oil leakage
Worn gaskets or seals - Replace worn gaskets or seal
Cracked transmission housing - Housing needs to be replaced

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is too hot
Hydraulic system pressure is not adjusted correctly - Correct adjustment is required
Main relief valve malfunction or incorrect adjustment - Set up or change the relief valve
Hydraulic oil is dirty - Hydraulic oil change required
Hydraulic system sucks air - Check the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid pressure is low
Lack of hydraulic oil - Fill up the hydraulic oil
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Change the hydraulic filter element or service if required
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Change or adjust properly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Hydraulic lines are leaking - Find leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Three-point hitch lifting is too slow or cannot be lifted
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Need to add fluid
Cold fluid in hydraulic system - Wait for fluid to warm up
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Service or replace the hydraulic filter
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust or change relief valve
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Adjust properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Damaged or loose hydraulic suction line - Tighten or change it
Hitch drops too slowly or can't drop
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Check the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Lift arm shaft is worn - Change the shaft
The hitch is defective if there is internal mechanical damage - Change worn or defective hitch components
Hitch is lowered or raised jerkily
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Check the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Fill up with new hydraulic fluid
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Check pump flow and install new pump if necessary
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Excessive effort to steer
Steering column is damaged or improperly mounted - Replace the steering column or mount it properly
Aeration in steering system - Bleed the steering system
Dirty steering filter element - Change steering filter element
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in correctly
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Steering pump malfunction - Check the steering pump and replace if necessary
Damaged or worn steering cylinder - Change or repair steering cylinder if required
Faulty steering gear box parts - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Relief valve is stuck or defective - Inspect relief valve and replace if necessary
Insufficient steering fluid - Fill up the steering fluid
Steering system oil leak - Retighten joints of the hydraulic steering pipes and hoses
Excessive play in steering
Steering column shaft or coupling is worn out - Replace faulty part
Steering cylinder is defective or worn - Repair or change the steering cylinder
Faulty steering gear box components - Replace defective components of power steering gearbox
Damaged hydraulic steering pump - Install a new hydraulic steering pump
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Replace failed component
Front wheels wander to right or left
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Check and adjust toe-in
Faulty or worn steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Replace failed component
Faulty steering box parts - Change defective steering gear box components
Damaged steering cylinder - Repair or replace hydraulic steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are defective or improperly adjusted - Install new bearings or adjust it correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294