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John Deere 2210 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 2210 sub-compact utility tractor was manufactured between 2003 and 2006. The John Deere 2210 powertrain system components: Yanmar 3TNE74 4-cycle three-cylinder indirect injection liquid-cooled naturally aspirated diesel engine and 2-range hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears.

A 61.4 cubic inches (1.05L) engine has a cylinder bore of 2.91" (74 mm), piston stroke of 3.07" (78 mm), and maximum power of 23 hp (17.1 kW). The maximum forward speed - 4.3 mph (6.9 km/h) using low range or 8.5 mph (13.7 km/h) using high range, and maximum reverse speed - 3.2 mph (5.2 km/h) using low range or 6.5 mph (10.4 km/h) using high. The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a rated capacity of 3 gpm (11.4 lpm). The hydraulic pressure is 137 bar (1990 psi).

The John Deere 2210 is equipped with a power steering system, wet disc brakes, 18x8.50-10 front tires, and 26x12.00-12 rear tires. The wheelbase is 57.1" (1450 mm). The tractor is compatible with 54" or 62" mid-mount 3-blade mower decks with hydraulic lift system, 46" front-mount single-stage snowblower with clearing height of 12" (305 mm), 54" front-mount blade with cutting depth of 3.5" (89 mm), and John Deere 210 front-end loader with lift capacity to full height of 622 lbs (282 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or difficult to start
Fuel filter clogging - Install new filter element
The fuel shut-off valve is closed - Open fuel shut-off valve
Fuel-line is leaking air - Retighten clamps, replace defective pipes
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Service or change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump damage - Repair or change injection pump
Poor engine compression - Inspect cylinder block and replace worn components
Engine shuts off while driving
Engine is not preheated - Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Uneven fuel injections - Repair or adjustment
Fuel filter is clogged - Filter maintenance required
Dirty or damaged injectors - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Engine starts and then stalls
Timing of fuel injection pump is wrong - Adjust the fuel injection pump timing correctly
Plugged fuel filter - Install new filter element
Damaged or clogged injector nozzles - Replace fuel injector nozzles
Fuel injection pump is not working correctly - Replace injection pump or repair it
Air cleaner element is clogged - Install new cleaner element or replace it
Engine stalls when idle
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust low idling as recommended
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Replacement or repair required
Fuel injector nozzles are defective or dirty - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Improper valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications
Engine overheated
Insufficient coolant fluid - Fill cooling system to proper level. Any leaks must be repaired
Cooling system is clogged or cooling parts are defective - Service the cooling system or change faulty parts
Insufficient engine oil - Fill up the engine oil
Broken fan belt or improper belt tension - Adjust properly or change the belt
Thermostat malfunction - Install new thermostat
Engine power loss
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Service or change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Adjust to proper pressure
Clogged air filter element - Clean or replace the air filter element
Oil filter element clogging - Clean or replace engine oil filter element
Diesel engine overloaded - Reduce load or shift to lower gear
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Adjust valve clearance
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Correct low idle settings
Fuel pipes or hoses clogging - Fuel hoses and pipes must be clean
Engine compression is insufficient: Inlet or outlet valves are defective - Valve replacement required
Engine noises or knocks
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Adjust injection timing
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged - Service or replace nozzles if required
Engine oil insufficient - Need to add engine oil
Low coolant temperature - Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature
Crankshaft or main bearings failure - Replace crankshaft or bearings
Broken or worn piston rings - Piston rings need to be replaced
Flywheel bolts are loose - Bolts need to be tightened
Diesel engine using too much oil
Oil leaking: Gaskets or seals can be faulty - Change to repair leaks
Improper oil viscosity - Use proper viscosity oil
Worn or broken piston rings - Install new piston rings
Damaged valve stems or valve guides - Valves must be replaced
Scored cylinder liners or pistons - Check pistons and liners, install new parts as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge
Defective battery - Replace the battery
Battery electrical wire harness failure - Inspect wires for defects, change or repair
Battery terminals and cables are corroded or loose - Tighten or clean cables and terminals
Incorrect belt tension adjustment or worn belt - Adjust belt tension as required or change belt
Starter turns slowly
Battery voltage is low - Battery is drained, charge it
Battery won’t hold charge - Service charging system or install new battery
Battery cable harness damage - Check battery cables for damage, change or repair
Corroded or loose battery terminals and cables - Service or tighten battery terminals and cables
Starter is not cranking
Battery capacity is low - Recharge the battery
Drained or faulty battery - Charge or replace the battery
Defective starter motor - Starter needs to be replaced
Battery cables are disconnected or incorrectly connected - Check cables and reconnect it correctly

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
HST transmission is making noise
Oil level is insufficient or oil is contaminated - Fill the transmission with fresh oil or add transmission oil to the correct level
Worn or misadjusted speed control rod linkage - Change or adjust rod linkage
Faulty relief valve - Replace the valve
Excessive loading - Reduce transmission load
Worn or damaged transmission components - Replace or repair worn components
Hot transmission oil
Not enough oil in transmission - Check transmission oil level and add oil as required
Plugged transmission fluid filter - Change or service the transmission fluid filter
Cooling components are damaged or clogged - Inspect all cooling components and replace or clean if necessary
Excessive transmission load - Reduce loading
Loss of power
Not enough fluid in transmission - Fill the transmission housing with fluid
Insufficient charge pressure - Check charge pressure
Relief valve is damaged or worn - Install a new valve
External fluid leaks
Seals or gaskets are damaged - Install new seal or gaskets
Transmission housing internal pressure is excessive - Replace defective components
Plugged oil drain pipe - Service or change drain pipe

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is too hot
System pressure has not been adjusted correctly - Pressure needs to be adjust correctly
Main relief valve is defective or unadjusted - Adjust or change relief valve
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil
Aeration in hydraulic system - Check the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Low hydraulic oil pressure
Hydraulic oil level is low - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Hydraulic fluid filter is dirty - Install a new hydraulic filter element
Hydraulic pump not working - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Adjust correctly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Inspect cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Hydraulic pipes are leaking - Find leaks in the system and fix it
Three-point hitch lifting is too slow or cannot be lifted
Not enough hydraulic oil in the system - Fill up the hydraulic oil
Cold hydraulic fluid - Warm up the fluid
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Check the pump performance and replace it if required
Main relief valve incorrect adjustment or failure - Replace or set up the relief valve
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve block - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Broken or loose suction line - Retighten or change
3-point hitch fails to drop or drops slowly
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Change or adjust correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Lift arm shaft is worn - Change the shaft
Mechanical components of the hitch are defective - Change worn or defective hitch components
Jerky lifting or lowering of 3-point hitch
Aeration in hydraulic system - Check the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil
Hydraulic pump failure - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Hydraulic control valve block is not set properly or defective - Change or adjust properly
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering is difficult
Worn or improperly mounted steering column - Mount the steering column properly or change it
Air enters in steering system - Need to bleed air
Improper toe-in - Adjust toe-in wheels properly
Tires are not properly inflated - Inflate tires as required
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Repair or change steering pump
Damaged or worn power steering control valve - Inspect and replace as required
Worn or stuck relief valve - Check relief valve and change if required
Steering fluid level is low - Check fluid level and add steering fluid as required
Steering system has oil leaks - Tighten joints of hydraulic pipes and hoses in steering system
Steering wheel has too much free-play
Steering column coupling or shaft is extremely worn out - Change defective part
Power steering control valve is defective or worn - Repair or change the control valve
Worn steering pump - Repair or replace steering pump
Worn or faulty steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Change damaged component
Tractor pulls to left or right
Front tires are worn out - Install new tires
Not adjusted toe-in - Check toe-in and correct
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are worn - Replace damaged component
Worn or defective power steering control valve - Repair or change the steering valve
Faulty steering cylinder - Repair or replace hydraulic steering cylinder
Incorrectly adjusted or worn front hub bearings - Adjust correctly or replace bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294