________________________________________________________________________________________

Home / Farm Tractors / John Deere Tractors / JD 2320

John Deere 2320 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 2320 compact utility tractor was manufactured from 2006 to 2012. The components of John Deere 2320 driveline system: Yanmar 3TNV76 4-cycle three-cylinder indirect injection liquid-cooled diesel engine and two-range hydrostatic transmission with infinite forward and reverse gears.

A 68.1 cubic inches (1.1L) engine has a cylinder bore of 2.99" (76 mm), piston stroke of 3.23" (82 mm), and maximum power of 24.1 hp (18 kW). Max forward speed - 11.3 mph (18.1 kph), max reverse speed - 11 mph (17.6 kph).

The open center hydraulic system used a dual gear pump with rated capacity of 3.4 gpm (13 lpm). The main relief pressure is 167 bar (2420 psi). The John Deere 2320 is equipped with a hydrostatic power steering, wet disc brakes, 23x8.50-12 front tires, and 31x12.00-16.5 rear tires. The wheelbase is 63" (1600 mm). The tractor is compatible with a John Deere 200CX front-end loader with lift capacity to full height of 902 lbs (409 kg) and breakout force of 2239 lbs (1015 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or hard to start
Fuel filter is dirty - Service or replace the filter
Fuel supply valve is closed - Open fuel supply valve
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Faulty or dirty injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Damaged fuel injection pump - Replace injection pump or repair it
Low compression - Inspect cylinder block and change worn parts
Diesel shuts off during operation
Low coolant temperature - Warm up engine as required
Air in fuel lines - Bleed fuel lines
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Clogged fuel filter element - Clean the filter element
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Service or change fuel injectors
Diesel starts but then stalls
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Check and correct adjustments
Fuel filter clogging - Clean the filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are clogged or faulty - Service or replace nozzles if required
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Change or repair the pump
Dirty air cleaner element - Change or replace air cleaner element
Engine stalls while idling
Incorrect low idle setting - Correct the settings
Faulty fuel injection pump - Repair or install new pump
Faulty fuel injector nozzles - Check and change nozzles as required
Valve clearance is wrong - Check and adjust
Engine overheats
Insufficient coolant - Refill to the correct level. Check radiator and hoses for leaks
Cooling system components are defective or system is dirty - Flush cooling system or change faulty components
Low engine oil level - Fill the crankcase with engine oil
Fan belt is worn or belt tension is improper - Adjust as required or replace belt
Thermostat failure - Thermostat needs to be replaced
Engine power is too low
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Repair or replace injection pump
Clogged air filter - Change or replace air filter element
Oil filter clogging - Service or change engine oil filter element
Engine is under excessive load - Change to lower gear or reduce load
Valve clearance is wrong - Have it adjusted
Low idle speed adjustment is incorrect - Normalize low idle speed
Fuel pipes or hoses are clogged - Clean fuel system pipes and hoses
Insufficient engine compression: Leaking or faulty valves - Have valves replaced
Engine knocks or noises
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Fuel injection pump timing adjustment needs to be corrected
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Change injector nozzles
Lack of engine oil - Check oil level and add oil as required
Engine is not preheated - Warm up the engine
Worn crankshaft or main bearings - Have bearings or crankshaft replaced
Piston rings failure - Replace piston rings
Flywheel screws are loose - Tighten the screws firmly
High oil consumption
Oil leaks: Defective seals or gaskets - Replace to repair leaks
Oil viscosity is incorrect - Use correct viscosity oil
Seized or wear piston rings - Change the piston rings as required
Valve stems and guides are worn - Valves need to be changed
Worn cylinder liners or pistons - Inspect pistons and liners, replace as required


Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Battery faulty cell - Use a new battery
Battery cable harness failure - Check battery electrical cable for defects, replace or repair
Battery cables and terminals are corroded or loose - Clean or tighten terminals and cables
Damaged belt or incorrectly adjusted belt tension - Adjust belt tension as required or replace belt
Starter motor turns slow
Low battery power - Battery is drained, recharge it
Battery does not hold charge - Service charging system or change battery
Battery cable harness failure - Check battery electrical cable for defects, replace or repair
Battery terminals and cables are loose or corroded - Tighten or service cables and terminals
Starter is not working
Low battery capacity - Battery is drained, charge it
Discharged or defective battery - Recharge or change battery
Starter motor failure - Replace or repair starter
Cables harness is improperly connected or disconnected - Inspect cables harness and reconnect it properly

Hydrostatic Transmission Troubleshooting
HST transmission is excessively noisy
Contaminated oil or low oil level - Change the oil or fill to required level
Speed control rod linkage is damaged or unadjusted - Adjust or replace control rod linkage
Relief valve is faulty - Replace relief valve
Transmission is under excessive load - Reduce loading
Defective or worn components of hydrostatic transmission - Change or repair damaged parts
Hot transmission oil
Oil level is insufficient - Checking transmission oil level and add if necessary
Transmission fluid filter is dirty - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Defective or plugged cooling components - Inspect all cooling components and service or change if necessary
Excessive loading - Load needs to be reduced
Power is insufficient
Fluid level is low - Add transmission fluid as required
Charge pressure is too low - Test charge pressure
Worn or damaged relief valve - Change the valve
Transmission oil leakage
Gaskets or seals are broken - Install new gaskets or seal
High pressure inside the transmission housing - Replace or repair defective components
Plugged transmission fluid drain pipe - Service or change drain pipe


Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheating
Hydraulic system pressure is incorrect - Hydraulic pressure needs to be set correctly
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Air enters in hydraulic system - Check the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Low hydraulic oil pressure
Lack of hydraulic oil - Check oil level and add hydraulic oil as required
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Change the hydraulic filter element or service if required
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Test pump flow rate and replace pump if required
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve block - Replace or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is broken - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Leakage in hydraulic pipes - Detect leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Hitch fails to lift or lifts slowly
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Cold oil in hydraulic system - Wait for oil to warm up
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Service or replace the hydraulic filter
Hydraulic pump failure - Flow-rate hydraulic pump and replace pump if necessary
Main relief valve is damaged or adjusted improperly - Adjust relief valve or change if required
Hydraulic control valve block is not set properly or defective - Change or adjust properly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Suction line is damaged or disconnected - Connect or replace
Hitch can't drop or drops too slowly
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve - Replace or set correctly
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Hitch rock shaft is damaged - Replace the shaft
The hitch has any internal mechanical damage - Change damaged or worn hitch parts
Hitch lowering or lifting is not smoothly
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Damaged hydraulic oil pump - Check the pump capacity and replace pump if required
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic control valve block - Replace or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Check cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel turns hard
Steering column is defective or improperly assembled - Change steering column or assemble properly
Air leaks in steering system - Bleed the system of air
Improper toe-in adjustment - Check and adjust toe-in
Incorrect tire pressure - Inflate the tires correctly
Faulty steering pump - Steering pump needs to be replaced or repaired
Worn or damaged power steering control valve - Repair or change the steering control valve
Relief valve sticking or malfunction - Replace or install new relief valve
Steering oil level is insufficient - Checking steering oil level and add it if necessary
Oil leaks in the steering system - Tighten the steering pipe and hose joints
Steering wheel free play is excessive
Steering column coupling or shaft is worn - Change faulty part
Power steering control valve is worn or defective - Inspect and change as required
Steering pump failure - Install a new hydraulic steering pump
Faulty or worn steering tie-rod ends or linkage - Change failed part
Tractor is pulling to left or right
Low tire pressure - Inflate the tires
Incorrect toe-in adjustment - Check and adjust toe-in
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are defective - Replace damaged part
Worn or defective power steering control valve - Check and replace as required
Damaged steering cylinder - Change or repair hydraulic steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are improperly adjusted or defective - Adjust properly or change bearings

________________________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________

Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
KUBOTA B7500 KUBOTA L245 KUBOTA L2250 KUBOTA M4072
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294