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John Deere 3130 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 3130 is a 2WD or 4WD farm tractor. This model was manufactured from 1973 to 1979. The JD 3130 tractor is powered by John Deere 6.329D 4-cycle six-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine with maximum output power of 96 hp (71.1 kilowatt) and 310.5 Nm (229 lb-ft) of peak torque at 1210 rpm.

The John Deere 3130 is fitted with 2 transmission options: Hi-Lo transmission with 12 forward and 6 reverse gears, and 6x3 sliding gear transmission. Max. forward speed - 15.4 mph (27.4 km/h), maximum reverse speed - 5.2 mph (8.3 km/h).

The closed center hydraulic system used a piston pump with fluid flow rate of 23 gpm (87 lpm). The rear lift capacity is 7450 lbs (3380 kg) at lift pin. The 4x4 models are equipped with 12.4x24 front tyres and 16.9x38 rear tyres. The 7.50x18 front tyres and 18.4x34 rear tyres fit 4x2 tractors. The wheelbase is 96.9" (2455 mm). The tractor is compatible with JD 148 front end loader. The loader has 5ft, 6ft, 7ft and 8ft buckets and lift capacity to full height of 3100 lbs (1406 kg).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine doesn't start or hard to start
Fuel filter is clogged - Service the filter
No fuel injection - Open fuel cock to inject fuel
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Clogged or damaged injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Defective fuel injection pump - Repair or replace injection pump
Poor compression - Inspect cylinder block and replace worn components
Engine stalls during operation
Engine not warmed up - Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature
Air trapped in fuel system - Bleed air
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Fuel filter clogging - Service or replace the filter
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Diesel starts but suddenly stops
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel filter is clogged - Service or replace the filter
Fuel injector nozzles are faulty - Check and change nozzles as required
Fuel injection pump is defective - Repair or install a new fuel pump
Clogged air cleaner - Service or change air cleaner
Engine stalls at idle
Wrong adjustment of low idle speed - Correct the settings
Damaged fuel injection pump - Rebuild or replace pump
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged or dirty - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Check and adjust as required
Engine overheats
Insufficient coolant fluid - Fill radiator to proper level. Any leaks must be repaired
Cooling system parts are failed or system is clogged - Flush cooling system or change faulty components
Lack of engine oil - Fill up the oil to required level
Fan belt tension is unadjusted or belt is damaged - Adjust correctly or change the belt
Thermostat fault - Install new thermostat
Lack of engine power
Clogged or damaged injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Correct the pressure settings
Clogged air filter - Replace or service air filter element
Clogged oil filter - Clean or replace engine oil filter element
Engine is under excessive load - Reduce the load or operate the tractor in lower gears
Valve clearance is not correct - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications
Too low idle RPM - Adjust the low idle speed
Fuel hoses or pipes clogging - Clean fuel pipes and hoses
Engine compression too low: Valves are faulty or leaking - Change the valves
Engine noises or knocks
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Check and correct adjustments
Damaged or clogged injector nozzles - Install new set of properly balanced nozzles
Not enough engine oil - Fill up the engine oil
Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature - Warm up the engine as required
Crankshaft or main bearings wear - Need to install new components
Worn or broken piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Loose flywheel screws - Inspect the flywheel screws and tighten securely
Engine oil consumption is too high
External oil leaks: Gaskets or seals are excessively worn - Install new components
Improper oil viscosity - Use correct viscosity oil
Stuck or worn piston rings - Change the piston rings as required
Worn valve stems and valve guides - Need to replace the valves
Damaged cylinder liners or pistons - Check pistons and liners, replace as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge
Defective battery - Change the battery
Damaged battery electrical wire harness - Inspect electrical wires for damage, change or repair
Corroded or loose cables and terminals - Tighten or clean cables and terminals
Belt wear or improper belt tension adjustment - Adjust belt tension as required or replace belt
Starter cranks slow
Battery voltage is low - Charge the battery
Battery runs out quickly - Service battery or change it
Bad battery electrical wire harness - Check wires for malfunctions, repair or replace
Loose or corroded terminals and cables - Tighten or service cables and terminals
Starter motor is not working
Battery power is low - Recharge the battery
Drained or worn battery - Change or recharge battery
Starter motor failure - Repair or install a new starter
Incorrectly connected or disconnected wires - Check battery wires and connect correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gears are hard to shift
Clutch is unadjusted or worn - Replace or adjust clutch
Gear shift linkage is stuck or damaged - Service or change the shift linkage
Bent or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be changed
Faulty parts in the gear shifting mechanism - Change faulty parts
Transmission oil pressure is insufficient
Not enough oil in transmission - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Clogged transmission fluid filter element (if fitted) - Change or clean the transmission fluid filter
Damaged relief valve - Install a new relief valve
Transmission makes excessive noise
Bearings are worn or damaged - Change the bearings
Fluid level is low - Fill system with correct transmission fluid level
Dirty transmission oil - Transmission oil must be changed
Damaged gears or improper backlash - Set backlash correctly or change the gears
Bent or worn shift forks - Install new shift forks
Transmission oil leakage
Worn gaskets or seals - Replace worn seal or gaskets
Cracked transmission housing - Housing needs to be replaced

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is too hot
Hydraulic system pressure is not corrected - The pressure must be adjusted correctly
Main relief valve malfunction or incorrect adjustment - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Hydraulic oil is dirty - Hydraulic oil change required
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Insufficient hydraulic fluid pressure
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Need to add fluid
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Change the hydraulic filter element or service if required
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Test pump flow rate and replace pump if required
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Change or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Leakage in hydraulic lines - Find leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Hitch won't lift or lifts slowly
Lack of hydraulic fluid - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Cold oil in hydraulic system - Wait for oil to warm up
Hydraulic oil filter element clogging - Clean or replace the hydraulic filter
Defective hydraulic pump - Check pump flow and install new pump if necessary
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Set up or change the relief valve
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve block - Adjust correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Damaged or loose suction line - Tighten or change
Hitch not dropping or hitch drops slowly
Hydraulic control valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Replace or set correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Damaged hitch rock shaft - Replace the shaft
The hitch is defective if there is internal mechanical damage - Change defective or worn hitch components
Hitch is lowered or raised jerkily
Hydraulic system sucks air - Check the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil
Hydraulic pump failure - Check hydraulic pump flow and replace pump if necessary
Hydraulic spool valve block is not set properly or defective - Replace or adjust correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Excessive effort to steer
Defective or incorrectly installed steering column - Reinstall the steering column or change it
Air in steering system - Bleed the steering system
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in properly
Deflated front tyres - Inflate tyres as needed
Steering pump is worn - Install a new hydraulic steering pump
Damaged or worn steering control unit - Replace or repair steering unit as required
Faulty steering box components - Replace defective components of power steering box
Insufficient steering fluid - Fill up the steering fluid
Steering system oil leakage - Tighten the steering hose and line joints
Steering wheel has too much free-play
Steering column shaft or coupling is worn out - Replace faulty part
Faulty or worn steering control unit - Repair or replace the steering unit
Damaged steering box parts - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Steering pump is worn - Install a new hydraulic steering pump
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are defective - Change failed part
Tractor pulls to left or right
Tires are improperly inflated - Inflate as necessary
Incorrect toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in
Faulty or worn steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change failed component
Faulty steering box components - Replace defective parts of power steering box
Steering control unit is worn or defective - Change or repair steering unit if required
Improperly adjusted or worn front hub bearings - Replace the bearings or adjust it properly




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