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John Deere 4010 Troubleshooting

The John Deere 4010 is a New Generation series row crop tractor. This model was manufactured from 1960 to 1963. The JD 4010 tractor is equipped with a 380 cubic inches (6.2 L) John Deere 4 cycle 6-cylinder water-cooled naturally aspirated diesel engine, or 302 cubic inches (4.9 L) John Deere 4 cycle 6-cylinder gasoline engine.

The diesel engine has a cylinder bore of 4.15" (105 mm), piston stroke of 4.78" (121 mm), and rated power of 88 hp (65.2 kW). The gasoline engine has a cylinder bore of 4.03" (102 mm), piston stroke of 4.03" (102 mm), and rated power of 87 hp (64.4 kW).

The Syncro Range transmission includes a dry clutch and partially synchronized gearbox with 8 forward and 3 reverse gears. Max. forward speed - 14.3 mph (22.9 km/h), maximum reverse speed - 8.5 mph (13.7 km/h). The closed center hydraulic system used a pump with fluid flow rate of 13 gal/min (49.2 l/min). The hydraulic pressure is 2320 psi (160 bar). The John Deere 4010 was equipped with a power assist steering, differential hydraulic wet disc brakes, 6.00x16 front tires, and 13.6x38 rear tires. The wheelbase is 99.3 inches (2520 mm).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine won't start or difficult to start
Fuel filter is clogged - Service the filter
Closed fuel supply valve - Open supply valve to inject fuel
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Clogged fuel injectors - Service or change fuel injectors
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Install a new fuel pump or repair
Poor compression - Check cylinder block and change faulty parts
Engine shuts off unexpectedly during operation
Engine is not preheated - Warm up engine as required
Water, dirt, or air in fuel system - Drain, flush, fill, and bleed system
Uneven fuel injections - Repair or adjustment
Plugged fuel filter - Clean the filter or install new filter element
Faulty or dirty injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Diesel engine stalls after starting
Incorrectly set fuel injection pump timing - Check and correct adjustments
Clogged fuel filter element - Clean the filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Fuel injection pump is broken - Change pump or rebuild it
Air cleaner element is dirty - Change or service air cleaner element
Engine stalls while idle
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust low idling as recommended
Fuel injection pump damage - Replace or rebuild injection pump
Clogged or defective injector nozzles - Change injector nozzles
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust to proper valve clearance
Engine overheats
Engine has a lack of coolant - The cooling system needs to be refilled. Check for coolant leaks
Cooling system is dirty or cooling parts are failed - Flush cooling system or replace faulty parts
Engine oil insufficient - Need to add engine oil
Worn fan belt or incorrect belt tension - Adjust correctly or replace the belt
Thermostat is defective - Check and change if necessary
Diesel power loss
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Check the fuel injection pressure and adjust if necessary
Air filter element is dirty - Replace or clean the air filter element
Clogged oil filter element - Change or service engine oil filter
Engine overload - Reduce the load or operate the tractor in lower gears
Valve clearance is not correct - Check and adjust as required
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjustment required
Clogged fuel hoses or pipes - Service fuel pipes and hoses
Engine losing compression: Worn or damaged valves - Install new valves
Engine knocking sound or abnormal noise
Timing of fuel injection pump is wrong - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged - Change or clean injector nozzles
Not enough engine oil - Add oil to the engine crankcase
Engine is not warmed up to the required temperature - Warm up the engine
Worn main bearings or crankshaft - Need to install new components
Stuck or worn piston rings - Piston rings replacement required
Loose flywheel screws - Inspect the flywheel screws and tighten securely
High engine oil consumption
Oil leaking: Gaskets or seals may be damaged - Defective components must be replaced
Crankcase oil too light - Use correct viscosity oil
Stuck or worn piston rings - Piston rings replacement required
Worn valve guides and valve stems - Valves need to be changed
Scored pistons or cylinder liners - Check pistons and liners, change as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery will not charge
Battery bad cell - Install a new battery
Damaged battery cable harness - Check electrical cables for damage, repair or replace
Battery terminals and cables are loose or corroded - Cables and terminals must be tightened or cleaned
Belt is defective or belt tension is improperly adjusted Adjust belt tension properly or change belt
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery output voltage - Battery is drained, charge it
Battery drains quickly - Battery needs to be serviced or replaced
Damaged battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for damage, replace or repair
Corroded or loose terminals and cables - Clean or tighten cables and terminals
Starter is not working
Low battery output voltage - Low battery charging, charge as required
Drained or worn battery - Recharge or replace battery
Defective starter motor - Starter needs to be replaced
Incorrectly connected or disconnected wires - Check battery wires and connect correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Hard shifting
Worn or misadjusted clutch - Adjust clutch or change if necessary
Gear shift linkage is damaged or loose - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Shift forks need to be changed
Gearshift mechanism is worn out - Repair or replace worn components if required
Transmission oil pressure is insufficient
Oil level is low - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Plugged transmission fluid filter (if equipped) - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Relief valve failure - Install a new relief valve
Transmission noises
Bearings are worn or damaged - Bearings replacement required
Not enough oil in transmission - Correct the transmission oil level
Dirty transmission fluid - Change transmission fluid
Backlash is incorrect or gears are worn - Set backlash properly or change the gears
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Change defective shift forks
Transmission fluid leaking
Broken gaskets or seals - Install new components
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheated
Hydraulic system pressure is not corrected - The pressure must be adjusted correctly
Main relief valve is faulty or misadjusted - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil
Air in hydraulic system - Check the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Low hydraulic system pressure
Not enough hydraulic fluid in the system - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid filter element clogging - Service the hydraulic filter or change if required
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust properly or change
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Hydraulic pipes are leaking - Detect leaks in the system and fix it
Hitch cannot be lifted or lifting is too slow
Hydraulic fluid level is insufficient - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid is too cold - Allow fluid to warm
Hydraulic oil filter clogging - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Hydraulic pump failure - Flow-rate pump and change pump if necessary
Unadjusted or defective main relief valve - Replace or set up the relief valve
Damaged or incorrect adjusted hydraulic control valve - Set correctly or replace
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Loose or damaged suction line - Tighten or replace
Hitch does not lower or lowers very slowly
Hydraulic control valve block is defective or set improper - Adjust correctly or change
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for wear or damage and change if necessary
Hitch cross shaft is damaged - Install a new shaft
Internal mechanical failure of the hitch - Change worn or defective hitch parts
Hitch jerks when lower or lift
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Hydraulic fluid is dirty - Hydraulic fluid change required
Hydraulic pump not working - Test pump flow rate and replace pump if required
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Replace or set properly
Broken hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Hard Steering
Damaged or improperly installed steering column - Reinstall or replace the steering column
Aeration in steering system - Bleed air
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in wheels properly
Tire pressure is improper - Inflate the tires properly
Steering pump failure - Repair or replace steering pump
Worn or defective steering valve assembly - Change or repair steering valve if required
Worn steering valve cylinder parts - Defective steering valve cylinder components must be replaced
Steering oil level is low - Fill up steering oil to required level
Steering system oil leak - Retighten the connections of the hydraulic steering lines and hoses
Steering wheel has too much free-play
Worn steering column shaft or coupling - Change faulty component
Defective or worn steering valve assembly - Replace or repair steering valve as required
Faulty steering valve cylinder components - Change defective steering valve cylinder components
Defective hydraulic steering pump - Replace or repair steering pump
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are defective - Change failed component
Tractor pulls to right or left
Tires are deflated - Need to inflate tires
Improper toe-in - Adjust toe-in correctly
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change failed component
Worn or damaged steering valve assembly - Repair or replace the steering valve
Steering valve cylinder failure - Change or repair steering valve cylinder
Front hub bearings are defective or improperly adjusted - Install new bearings or adjust it correctly




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MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
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CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294