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Ford 1510 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 1510 is a 2WD or 4WD compact utility tractor from Ten compact series. This model was manufactured by Shibaura built between 1983 and 1986. The components of Ford 1510 powerline system: Shibaura K773 three-cylinder liquid cooled diesel engine and 12x4 unsynchronized gear transmission, or 12x4 partially synchronized gear transmission.

A 68.2 cu.in engine power is 22 hp (16.4 kW), and maximum torque is 58 Nm (43 lb-ft) at 1600 rev/min. The maximum forward speed - 12.5 mph (20.1 km/h), max. reverse speed - 10.3 mph (16.5 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with fluid flow rate of 6.6 gpm (25 lpm). The main relief pressure is 147 bar (2135 psi). The 2-wheel drive models are equipped with 4.00x15 or 25x8.50-12 front tires and 9.50x24 rear tires. The 6.00x14 or 25x8.50-14 front tires and 9.50x24 rear tires are used for tractors with 4-wheel drive. The wheelbase is 63" (1600 mm).

Compatible attachments for the Ford 1510 tractor: a 60" mid-mount 3-blade mower deck, 60" rear-mount two-stage snowblower with a hydraulic lift, Ford 770A front end loader with a max lift height of 87" (2200 mm), and Ford 757A backhoe with a digging depth of 76.5" (1940 mm).

Engine Troubleshooting
Engine will not start or hard to start
Fuel filter is clogged - Change filter element
Fuel shut-off valve closed - Open the fuel shut-off valve
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Dirty or faulty injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Fuel injection pump failure - Rebuild or replace pump
Bad compression - Check cylinder block and change worn components
Engine stops running while driving
Low coolant temperature - Normalize the engine temperature
Air in fuel lines - Bleed fuel lines
Improper fuel injection - Fuel injection settings required
Plugged fuel filter - Replace the filter element
Fuel injectors are defective or dirty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Diesel starts and then stalls
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Adjust the fuel injection pump timing correctly
Fuel filter clogging - Clean or replace the filter
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty - Service or replace nozzles if required
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Change or repair the pump
Dirty air cleaner - Air cleaner maintenance required
Engine stalls while idle
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust low idle speed
Fuel injection pump is not operating properly - Repair or install a new fuel pump
Faulty fuel injector nozzles - Install a new set of well-balanced nozzles
Excessive valve clearance - Adjust valve clearance
Engine is overheated
Not enough coolant - The cooling system needs to be refilled. Check system for leaks
Cooling system components are failed or system is clogged - Flush cooling system or replace faulty parts
Engine oil level is low - Add oil to the engine crankcase
Fan belt is damaged or belt tension is incorrect - Adjust properly or change the belt
Defective or wrong type of thermostat - Check thermostat, replace if necessary
Engine lacks power
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Clean or replace fuel injectors
Uneven fuel injection pressure - Test fuel injection pressure and adjust it correctly
Clogged air filter - Replace or clean the air filter element
Plugged engine oil filter - Replace or service engine oil filter
Diesel engine overloaded - Reduce load on the engine
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications
Low idle speed setting is not correct - Adjust low idling as recommended
Fuel hoses or pipes are dirty - Fuel hoses and pipes must be clean
Engine compression is low: Inlet or outlet valves are defective - Install new valves
Abnormal engine noise or knocking
Fuel injection pump out of timing - Repair or replace fuel injection pump
Fuel injector nozzles are defective or dirty - Inspect injector nozzles and change if required
Insufficient engine oil - Check and refill engine oil
Coolant temperature is low - Warm up engine to required temperature
Crankshaft or main bearings wear - Worn parts replacement required
Damaged or defective piston rings - Replace piston rings
The flywheel to crankshaft bolts are loose - Tighten bolts as required
High engine oil consumption
Oil leakage: Gaskets or seals are excessively worn - To repair leaks, replace worn parts
Oil viscosity is wrong - Fill up with the proper oil viscosity
Piston rings are stuck or broken - Have piston rings replaced
Valve stems or guides are damaged - Install new valves
Cylinder liners or pistons are worn - Check pistons and liners, change as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery is not charging
Battery is worn - Change the battery
Battery cable harness damage - Check battery cables for damage, change or repair
Battery cables and terminals are loose or corroded - Terminals and cables need to be tightened or cleaned
Belt is defective or belt tension is improperly adjusted Install new belt or adjust belt tension as required
Starter turns slow
Low battery voltage - Battery is drained, charge it
Battery discharges quickly - Service battery or change it
Damaged battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for damage, replace or repair
Loose or corroded battery cables and terminals - Clean or tighten terminals and cables
Starter is not cranking
Battery capacity is low - Battery needs to be recharged
Discharged or faulty battery - Change or recharge battery
Faulty starter motor - Repair or install a new starter
Disconnected or incorrectly connected wiring harness - Inspect wiring harness and reconnect it as required

Transmission Troubleshooting
Difficult to shift gears
Clutch is not adjusted or faulty - Adjust clutch or change if necessary
Gear shift linkage is stuck or damaged - Replace or repair the shift linkage
Damaged or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be changed
Worn gear shift mechanism - Replace worn components
Lack of transmission oil pressure
Insufficient fluid supply - Fill up the transmission fluid
Transmission oil filter clogging (if fitted) - Replace or service transmission oil filter
Relief valve is faulty - Replace the valve
Transmission noise
Bearings are worn or cracked - Bearings replacement required
Lack of transmission fluid supply - Fill up the transmission fluid
Transmission oil contamination - Change transmission oil
Backlash is incorrect or gears are worn - Change the gears or adjust backlash correctly
Damaged or worn shift forks - Shift forks need to be changed
Transmission oil leaking
Gaskets or seals are defective Change defective seal or gaskets
Transmission case is cracked - Replace case or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is overheated
Hydraulic system pressure is incorrect - Hydraulic pressure needs to be set correctly
Main relief valve is defective or unadjusted - Adjust relief valve or change if required
Hydraulic oil is contaminated - Fill up with fresh hydraulic oil
Air in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Hydraulic oil pressure is low
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill up the hydraulic oil
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Replace filter element or clean if required
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve is defective or set improper - Replace or set correctly
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Check the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary
Leakage in hydraulic lines - Inspect hydraulic system for leaks and repair it
3-point hitch lifts slowly or won't lift
Hydraulic oil level is insufficient - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Cold hydraulic oil - Warm up the oil
Hydraulic oil filter element clogging - Service or replace the hydraulic filter
Hydraulic pump is defective - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Main relief valve malfunction or incorrect adjustment - Set up or change the relief valve
Hydraulic spool valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Inspect the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if required
Broken or disconnected suction line - Connect or replace
Hitch does not lower or lowers very slowly
Hydraulic control valve is faulty or out of adjustment - Adjust correctly or change
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Hitch rock shaft is worn Replace the shaft
Mechanical parts of the hitch are damaged - Replace worn or defective hitch parts
Hitch lower or lift is jerky
Air trapped in the hydraulic system - Check the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Dirty hydraulic oil - The oil must be changed
Hydraulic pump not working - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Change or set correctly
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel turns hard
Steering column is damaged or incorrectly assembled - Steering column must be assembled correctly or changed
Air leaks in steering system - Bleed air from system
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in properly
Incorrect tire pressure - Inflate the tires correctly
Steering pump is faulty - Check the steering pump and replace if necessary
Power steering control valve is defective or worn - Repair or replace the steering control valve
Faulty steering gear box components - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Lack of steering oil - Fill the steering system with oil
Steering system oil leakage - Tighten the steering hose and pipe joints
Excessive steering wheel play
Steering column shaft or coupling is worn out - Change faulty component
Power steering control valve has wear or damage - Repair or replace the steering control valve
Worn steering gear box parts - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Damaged hydraulic steering pump - Check the hydraulic steering pump and change if necessary
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change failed part
Tractor is pulling to left or right
Tire pressure is not correct - Check tire pressure and inflate as required
Not adjusted toe-in - Check and adjust toe-in
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Replace damaged part
Faulty steering gear box components - Repair power steering box
Power steering control valve has wear or malfunction - Inspect and change as required
Front hub bearings are defective or improperly adjusted - Adjust properly or replace bearings




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294