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Ford 2000 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 2000 is a 2WD (4x2) utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1965 to 1975. The 2000 tractor is powered by Ford 2.6L vertical 3-cylinder water cooled gasoline, or diesel engine with a maximum output power of 36 Hp (26.8 kW) at 2000 rpm.

The Ford 2000 fitted with 4 transmission options: 4-speed range transmission, 12x3 gear transmission, 6-speed range transmission, and 8x2 gear transmission. All transmissions have unsynchronized gears. The maximum forward speed - 22 mph (35.4 km/h), max. reverse speed - 8.4 mph (13.5 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system includes a gear pump with fluid flow rate of 4 gpm (15 lpm). The hydraulic system pressure is 2500 psi. The Ford 2000 tractor is equipped with 5.5x16 front tyres and 11.2x28 rear tyres. The wheel base is 75.8 inches (1920 mm). Compatible front end loaders for the Ford 2000 tractor: 771 loader with a lift capacity to max height of 1800 lbs (816 kg), or 772 loader with a lift capacity to max height of 2500 lbs (1134 kg).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine won't start or starts hard
Plugged fuel filter - Change filter element
No fuel injection - Open fuel cock to inject fuel
Air in fuel pipes - Bleed fuel pipes
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Fuel injection pump is not working correctly - Repair or install a new fuel pump
Bad compression - Check and replace worn parts
Engine shuts off unexpectedly during operation
Engine is not preheated - Warm up the engine
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Clogged fuel filter element - Replace filter element
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Change fuel injectors
Engine starts but then shuts off
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Fuel injection pump timing adjustment needs to be corrected
Fuel filter is dirty - Clean the filter element
Dirty or defective injector nozzles - Check and change nozzles as required
Fuel injection pump is faulty - Repair or install a new fuel pump
Air cleaner element is dirty - Install new cleaner element or replace it
Engine stalls when idle
Incorrect low idle setting - Correct low idle adjustment
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Change pump or rebuild it
Fuel injector nozzles are defective or dirty - Replace fuel injector nozzles
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Correct valve clearance needs to be set
Engine overheats
Insufficient coolant fluid - The cooling system needs to be refilled. Check the components of cooling system
Cooling system is clogged or cooling parts are defective - Replace faulty parts or flush the cooling system
Engine oil level low - Add oil to the engine crankcase
Fan belt is defective or belt tension is not adjusted - Change or adjust belt tension correctly
Thermostat malfunction - Test thermostat opening temperature, replace as required
Engine loses power
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Service or change fuel injectors
Incorrect fuel injection pressure - Adjust pressure to proper level
Air filter is clogged - Change or replace air filter element
Oil filter element clogged - Clean or change engine oil filter
Engine overloaded - Reduce the load or use a lower gear
Valve out of adjustment - Adjust valve clearance according to specifications
Incorrect low idle setting - Correct the settings
Dirty fuel hoses or pipes - Service fuel hoses and pipes
Engine compression too low: Leaking or faulty valves - Change the valves
Abnormal engine knocking or noise
Incorrect setting of fuel injection pump timing - Check and correct adjustments
Dirty or defective injector nozzles - Test injector nozzles and replace as required
Lack of engine oil - Fill the crankcase with engine oil
Low coolant temperature - Warm up the engine
Main bearings or crankshaft wear - Need to install new components
Defective or broken piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Flywheel screws are loose - Tighten the screws firmly
High oil consumption
External oil leaks: Gaskets or seals can be faulty - Change to repair leaks
Oil viscosity is wrong - Use oil of proper viscosity
Seized or wear piston rings - Change piston rings
Valve stems or guides are damaged - Valves must be replaced
Pistons or cylinder liners are worn - Check liners and pistons, install new components as required

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Battery faulty cell - Replace the battery
Battery wiring harness failure - Inspect electrical cables for defects, repair or replace
Battery cables and terminals are loose or corroded - Clean or tighten terminals and cables
Defective belt or improperly adjusted belt tension - Adjust belt tension properly or change belt
Starter turning slow
Low battery voltage - Recharge the battery
Battery is draining quickly - Service or change the battery
Damaged battery electrical wire harness - Inspect electrical wires for damage, change or repair
Corroded or loose cables and terminals - Tighten or service cables and terminals
Starter will not crank
Battery capacity is low - Charge the battery
Drained or worn battery - Need to charge or replace the battery
Starter motor is defective - Repair or change starter
Disconnected or incorrectly connected cables - Inspect battery cables and connect correctly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gears are hard to shift
Clutch is not adjusted or faulty - Clutch needs to be adjusted or changed
Gear shift linkage is stuck or worn - Repair or change shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Replace the shift forks
Worn gear shift mechanism - Replace worn components
Transmission oil pressure is insufficient
Oil level is insufficient - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Transmission oil filter is plugged (if fitted) - Replace or clean transmission oil filter
Relief valve is defective - Replace relief valve as required
Transmission noises
Bearings are worn or broken - Faulty bearings should be changed
Not enough fluid in transmission - Fill up the transmission fluid
Dirty transmission oil - Transmission oil must be changed
Backlash is incorrect or gears are worn - Set backlash properly or change the gears
Shift forks are damaged or worn - Install new shift forks
External fluid leaks
Gaskets or seals are damaged - Install new seal or gaskets
Cracked transmission housing - Housing needs to be replaced

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is too hot
Hydraulic system pressure is not adjusted correctly - Correct adjustment is required
Main relief valve is defective or unadjusted - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Hydraulic oil contamination - Change the oil
Aeration in hydraulic system - Inspect the pump seals, suction pipe, and fittings
Hydraulic oil pressure is insufficient
Lack of hydraulic oil - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Dirty hydraulic oil filter - Replace hydraulic filter element or service if necessary
Faulty hydraulic oil pump - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic control valve - Replace or set correctly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder components for wear or damage and change if required
Hydraulic piping leaks - Find leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
3-point hitch lifts slowly or won't lift
Hydraulic oil level is insufficient - Add oil to the hydraulic system
Cold oil in hydraulic system - Wait for oil to warm up
Hydraulic oil filter element is dirty - Service the hydraulic filter or change if required
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Main relief valve malfunction or incorrect adjustment - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Defective or not adjusted hydraulic spool valve - Adjust properly or replace
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Check cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if necessary
Damaged or loose hydraulic suction line - Tighten or change it
Hitch does not lower or lowers very slowly
Hydraulic spool valve is defective or set improper - Adjust correctly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Worn hitch cross shaft - Install a new shaft
Mechanical components of the hitch are defective - Replace worn or damaged hitch parts
3-point hitch lift or lower is jerky
Hydraulic system sucks air - Inspect the pump seals, suction line, and fittings
Hydraulic fluid contamination - Change hydraulic fluid
Defective hydraulic pump - Test pump performance and replace pump if necessary
Defective or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve block - Set correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder malfunction - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Hard Steering
Steering knuckle or steering column is stuck - Inspect steering column and knuckle, replace worn parts as required
Steering gearbox components are worn - Replace defective components of steering gearbox
Faulty drag link or tie rod - Replace or repair
Insufficient lubrication in steering box - Need to lubricate the gearbox
Not adjusted toe-in alignment - Check and adjust toe-in
Tires are not correctly inflated - Inflate tires as necessary
Excessive steering wheel free play
Steering column bearing or shaft is worn - Change faulty parts
Steering linkage assembly is worn or loose - Repair or replace steering linkage
Worn steering gearbox bearings - Replace the bearings
Front wheel hub bearings or steering knuckles are worn - Change hub bearings or knuckles
Damaged or worn steering tie-rod ends - Change faulty part
Tractor pulls to right or left
Worn or loose steering linkage assembly - Repair or replace steering linkage
Defective steering knuckle bushing - Replace knuckle bushing
Uneven tire pressure - Inflate the tires properly
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Adjust toe-in correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294