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Ford 2600 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 2600 is a two-wheel drive utility tractor. This model was manufactured from 1975 to 1981. The Ford 2600 tractor is powered by Ford vertical 3-cylinder water cooled diesel engine with a maximum power of 36 Hp (26.2 kW), or Ford 3-cylinder gasoline engine with a max power of 35.5 Hp (26.5 kW).

The Ford 2600 was fitted with 2 transmission options: 6x2 unsynchronized gear transmission or Dual-Range transmission with 8 forward and 2 reverse gears. Max. travel speed (forward/reverse): 17.4 mph (28 km/h) and 8.4 mph (13.5 km/h).

The open center hydraulic system used a gear pump with a rated fluid flow of 8.5 gpm (32.1 lpm). The hydraulic system pressure is 173 bar (2500 psi). The tractor is equipped with 5.50x16 front tyres and 12.4x28 rear tyres. The wheelbase is 75.8" (1920 mm). The Ford 2600 is compatible with the following attachments: Ford 730 loader with lift capacity to full height of 2040 lbs (925 kg), and Ford 772A loader with lift capacity to full height of 2460 lbs (1115 kg).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Engine doesn't start or hard to start
Fuel filter plugging - Clean the filter or install new filter element
Closed fuel supply valve - Open supply valve to inject fuel
Fuel lines leaking air - Tighten clamps, change faulty pipes
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Replace or repair injection pump
Bad cylinder compression - Check cylinder block and change worn components
Engine stops running unexpectedly
Engine is cold - Warm up engine as required
Air in fuel pipes - Bleed fuel pipes
Fuel injection failed - Use correct settings
Fuel filter is clogged - Filter maintenance required
Clogged or damaged injectors - Service or change fuel injectors
Engine stops after starting
Fuel injection pump out of timing - Fuel pump timing settings need to be corrected
Fuel filter is clogged - Install new filter element
Fuel injector nozzles are dirty - Install a new set of well-balanced nozzles
Fuel injection pump malfunction - Rebuild or change fuel pump
Air cleaner clogging - Replace or service air cleaner element
Engine stops at idle
Incorrectly set low idle speed - Correct the settings
Fuel injection pump is not operating properly - Replace or rebuild injection pump
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged or dirty - Check and change nozzles as required
The valve clearance is incorrect - Check and adjust
Engine overheating
Low engine coolant - Add the coolant. If there are leaks in the system, replace worn components
Cooling system is clogged or cooling parts are worn - Change faulty components or flush the cooling system
Engine oil level is low - Check oil level and add oil as required
Fan belt tension is unadjusted or belt is damaged - Adjust as required or change belt
Defective thermostat - Thermostat needs to be replaced
Engine power loss
Faulty or dirty injectors - Check fuel injectors and replace if required
Fuel injection pressure is wrong - Repair or replace injection pump
Clogged air filter element - Clean or replace the air filter element
Clogged oil filter - Change or service engine oil filter
Engine is overloaded - Reduce load on the engine
Incorrect valve clearance - Correct valve clearance
Improperly adjusted low idle speed - Adjust as required
Dirt in the hoses or pipes - Service fuel hoses and pipes
Engine losing compression: Worn or damaged valves - Install new valves
Abnormal engine noise or knocking
Unadjusted fuel injection pump timing - Adjust injection timing
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Install a new set of well-balanced nozzles
Low engine oil level - Need to add engine oil
Engine is not preheated - Warm up the engine
Crankshaft or main bearings wear - Install new parts
Piston rings are defective or broken - Piston rings need to be replaced
Loose flywheel bolts - Check flywheel bolts and tighten properly
Engine using too much oil
External oil leaks: Defective seals or gaskets - Replace worn parts to avoid leaks
Crankcase oil too light - Fill up with the correct oil viscosity
Stuck or defective piston rings - Install new piston rings
Worn valve stems and valve guides - Change the valves
Pistons or cylinder liners are scored - Inspect liners and pistons, replace as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery won’t charge
Battery bad cell - Install a new battery
Bad battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for malfunctions, replace or repair
Loose or corroded battery cables and terminals - Clean or tighten cables and terminals
Incorrect belt tension adjustment or worn belt - Adjust belt tension as required or change belt
Starter motor turns slow
Low battery capacity - Recharge the battery
Battery will not hold charge - Service or replace the battery
Battery electrical wire harness failure - Inspect wires for defects, change or repair
Loose or corroded terminals and cables - Tighten or clean terminals and cables
Starter will not work
Battery power is low - Battery is drained, charge it
Drained or worn battery - Recharge or change battery
Defective starter motor - Starter should be changed
Improperly connected or disconnected cables - Check battery cables and connect properly

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gear shift is hard
Worn or misadjusted clutch - Replace or adjust clutch
Gear shift linkage is stuck or damaged - Service or change the shift linkage
Worn or damaged shift forks - Install new shift forks
Gear shifting mechanism is worn - Change worn components
Transmission oil pressure is low
Insufficient fluid supply - Check transmission fluid level and add it as required
Plugged transmission fluid filter (if equipped) - Clean or replace the transmission fluid filter
Faulty relief valve - Replace relief valve as required
Excessive transmission noise
Damaged or worn bearings - Bearings need to be replaced
Oil level is insufficient - Fill the transmission housing to proper oil level
Dirty transmission oil - Transmission oil must be changed
Incorrect backlash or gears are defective - Replace gears or set backlash properly
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Replace defective shift forks
Transmission fluid leaking
Seals or gaskets are damaged - Seals and gaskets replacement required
Cracked transmission case - Install a new transmission case

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system overheats
Hydraulic system pressure is not corrected - The pressure must be adjusted correctly
Main relief valve incorrect adjustment or failure - Adjust relief valve or change if required
Hydraulic fluid is dirty - Hydraulic fluid change required
Hydraulic system sucks air - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Insufficient hydraulic fluid pressure
Hydraulic oil level is low - Check oil level and add hydraulic oil as required
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Change hydraulic filter element or clean if necessary
Hydraulic pump failure - Flow-rate hydraulic pump and replace pump if necessary
Faulty or incorrect setting hydraulic spool valve - Replace or adjust properly
Defective hydraulic cylinder - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Hydraulic lines are leaking - Find leaks in hydraulic system and repair it
Hitch cannot be raised or raising is too slowly
Hydraulic fluid level is low - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Cold fluid in hydraulic system - Wait for fluid to warm up
Hydraulic oil filter element clogging - Service or replace the hydraulic filter
Defective hydraulic pump - Flow-rate hydraulic pump and replace pump if necessary
Main relief valve incorrect adjustment or failure - Adjust the valve or replace if necessary
Hydraulic spool valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Replace or set properly
Faulty hydraulic cylinder - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Damaged or loose suction line - Tighten or change
3-point hitch won't drop or drops slowly
Hydraulic spool valve block is not set properly or defective - Replace or set properly
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Hitch rock shaft is worn Install a new shaft
Damaged mechanical components of the hitch - Change defective or worn hitch parts
Jerky lifting or lowering of 3-point hitch
Air leaks in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Hydraulic fluid is contaminated - Fill up with new hydraulic fluid
Hydraulic pump failure - Test the pump flow rate and install new pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve block is not set properly or defective - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder failure - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel is difficult to turn
Steering column is damaged or incorrectly assembled - Steering column must be assembled correctly or changed
Air in steering system - Bleed air from system
Dirty steering filter element - Clean steering filter element
Toe-in adjustment is incorrect - Check and adjust toe-in
Tire pressure is not correct - Check tire pressure and inflate as required
Steering pump failure - Install a new steering pump
Steering cylinder is defective or worn - Inspect and replace as required
Faulty steering box components - Repair power steering gearbox
Lack of steering oil - Fill the steering system with oil
Oil leakage in the steering system - Tighten the steering line and hose joints
Steering wheel has too much free-play
Steering column coupling or shaft is worn - Replace faulty part
Steering cylinder has wear or damage - Repair or change the steering cylinder
Damaged steering gearbox parts - Repair power steering gearbox
Steering pump is faulty - Check the steering pump and replace if necessary
Worn or faulty steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change damaged component
Tractor is pulling to left or right
Tire pressure is low - Tires need to be inflated
Not adjusted toe-in - Check toe-in and correct
Steering linkage or tie-rod ends are worn - Replace failed part
Worn steering box components - Repair power steering box
Defective steering cylinder - Repair or replace hydraulic steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are damaged or incorrectly adjusted - Replace or adjust the bearings correctly




Farm Tractors Technical Specifications
JD 1026R JD 3650 JD 6400 JD 7810
FORD 1320 FORD 2810 FORD 3930 FORD 5600
MF 250 MF 690 MF 3060 MF 6180
NH TC48DA NH M100 NH T7550 NH 8560
CASE IH 495 CASE IH 1255XL CASE IH 2140 CASE IH 2294