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Ford 3600 Tractor Troubleshooting

The Ford 3600 is a 4x2 (2WD) utility tractor. This model was manufactured between 1975 and 1981.

The components of Ford 3600 tractor driveline system: Ford 3-cylinder water cooled diesel engine with a maximum power of 48 hp (35.8 kW) or Ford 3-cylinder gasoline engine with a rated power of 44 hp (32.8 kW), and 6-speed range unsynchronized gear transmission or Dual-range transmission with 8 forward and 2 reverse gears.

Max. travel speed (forward/reverse): 17.4 mph (28.0 km/h) and 8.4 mph (13.5 km/h). The closed center hydraulic system used a piston pump with flow rate of 8.5 gallons per minute (32.1 liters per minute). The hydraulic pressure is 2100 psi (145 bar). The Ford 3600 was equipped with 6.00x16 front tires and 12.4x28 rear tires. The wheelbase is 75.8 inches (1920 mm).

Compatible attachments for the 3600 tractor: Ford 730 front end loader with a lift capacity to full height of 2040 lbs (925 kg), and Ford 772A front end loader with a breakout force of 3800 lbs (1723 kg).

Diesel Engine Troubleshooting
Diesel won't start or hard to start
Fuel filter is clogged - Install new filter element
Closed fuel cock - Open fuel on-off cock to inject fuel
There is air in the fuel system - Bleed the system
Faulty or dirty injectors - Inspect fuel injectors and replace if necessary
Fuel injection pump is damaged - Rebuild or change fuel pump
Engine has low compression - Check cylinder block and replace defective parts
Engine stalls while running
Engine has not warmed up to recommended temperature - Warm up engine as required
Air in fuel lines - Bleed fuel lines
Uneven fuel injections - Repair or adjustment
Plugged fuel filter - Install new filter element
Fuel injectors are damaged or dirty - Test fuel injectors and change if necessary
Engine starts and immediately stops
Timing of fuel injection pump is not adjusted - Check and correct adjustments
Dirty fuel filter element - Service or replace the filter
Fuel injector nozzles are damaged - Change injector nozzles
Fuel injection pump malfunctioning - Repair or install new pump
Clogged air cleaner element - Service or replace the air cleaner
Engine stalls while idle
Low idle speed set incorrectly - Adjust low idle speed
Defective fuel injection pump - Install a new fuel pump or repair
Fuel injector nozzles fault - Install new set of properly balanced nozzles
The valve clearance is not adjusted - Adjust to proper valve clearance
Engine overheating
Engine coolant is insufficient - Fill radiator to proper level. Repair any leaks if necessary
Cooling system is clogged or cooling parts are defective - Replace faulty parts or service cooling system
Engine oil insufficient - Fill up the engine oil
Broken fan belt or incorrect belt tension - Adjust correctly or change the belt
Thermostat fault - Install new thermostat
Poor engine power
Fuel injectors are clogged or faulty - Service or change fuel injectors
Uneven fuel injection pressure - Check the fuel injection pressure and adjust if necessary
Air filter is clogged - Replace or clean the air filter element
Plugged engine oil filter - Replace or clean engine oil filter element
Engine is under excessive load - Reduce the load or use a lower gear
Valve clearance is out of adjustment - Have it adjusted
Incorrect low idle setting - Adjust low idle speed
Fuel pipes or hoses clogging - Service fuel hoses and pipes
Loss of compression: Inlet or outlet valves are defective - Replace the valves
Engine knocking or noise
Fuel injection pump timing is incorrect - Repair or replace fuel injection pump
Clogged or damaged injector nozzles - Service or replace nozzles if required
Engine oil level is insufficient - Checking oil level and add if necessary
Coolant temperature is low - Normalize the engine temperature
Crankshaft or main bearings are worn out - Replace crankshaft or bearings
Stuck or worn piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Flywheel bolts are loose - Bolts need to be tightened
High engine oil consumption
External oil leaks: Damaged gaskets or seals - Defective components must be replaced
Improper oil viscosity - Fill up with the proper oil viscosity
Damaged or seized piston rings - Have piston rings replaced
Valve stems and guides are worn - Replace defective valves
Scored cylinder liners or pistons - Inspect liners and pistons, change as necessary

Electrical System Troubleshooting
Battery does not charge
Dead cell in battery - Use a new battery
Bad battery wiring harness - Inspect wiring for malfunctions, replace or repair
Battery terminals and cables are loose or corroded - Clean or tighten terminals and cables
Belt damage or incorrect belt tension adjustment - Replace belt or correctly adjust belt tension
Starter motor cranks slow
Low battery output - Charge the battery
Battery does not hold charge - Service or change the battery
Bad battery electrical wire harness - Check wires for malfunctions, repair or replace
Loose or corroded cables and terminals - Service or tighten battery cables and terminals
Starter doesn't crank
Low battery power - Charge the battery
Drained or defective battery - Change or recharge battery
Damaged starter motor - Repair or change starter
Disconnected or incorrectly connected wiring harness - Inspect wiring harness and reconnect it as required

Transmission Troubleshooting
Gear shift is hard
Failure or improper clutch adjustment - Adjust or install new clutch
Damaged or loose gear shift linkage - Repair or change shift linkage
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Install new shift forks
Worn gear shift mechanism - Replace worn components
Lack of transmission oil pressure
Not enough fluid in transmission - Fill up the transmission fluid
Transmission fluid filter is plugged (if fitted) - Replace or clean transmission fluid filter
Damaged relief valve - Replace relief valve
Transmission makes noise
Damaged or worn bearings - Change faulty bearings
Not enough oil in transmission - Correct the transmission oil level
Transmission oil contamination - Change transmission oil
Defective gears or incorrect backlash - Set backlash properly or change the gears
Shift forks are worn or damaged - Change the shift forks
Transmission fluid leaking
Gaskets or seals are damaged - Install new seal or gaskets
Transmission housing is cracked - Replace housing or transmission assembly

Hydraulics Troubleshooting
Hydraulic system is overheated
The system pressure has not been corrected - Make the correct settings
Faulty or incorrectly adjusted main relief valve - Set up or change the relief valve
Dirty hydraulic fluid - The fluid must be changed
Air trapped in the hydraulic system - Inspect the suction line, pump seals, and fittings
Low hydraulic fluid pressure
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Hydraulic fluid filter element is dirty - Clean the hydraulic filter element or replace if necessary
Hydraulic pump not working - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Hydraulic control valve block is defective or set improper - Replace or set properly
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Inspect cylinder parts for wear or damage and replace if required
Leakage in hydraulic pipes - Detect leaks in the system and fix it
Hitch cannot be raised or raising is too slowly
Hydraulic oil level is low - Fill the hydraulic system with oil
Cold hydraulic fluid - Warm up the fluid
Hydraulic fluid filter is clogged - Install a new hydraulic filter element
Hydraulic pump malfunction - Test the pump performance and change pump if required
Faulty or incorrectly adjusted main relief valve - Adjust or replace the relief valve
Hydraulic control valve is defective or set improper - Adjust properly or change
Hydraulic cylinder is not working - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Suction pipe is damaged or loose - Repair or change
Hitch not dropping or hitch drops slowly
Hydraulic control valve block is faulty or out of adjustment - Set properly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is faulty - Check the hydraulic cylinder parts for damage or wear and replace if necessary
Hitch rock shaft is worn Change the shaft
Hitch has mechanical defects - Replace defective or worn hitch parts
3-point hitch lifting or lowering is jerky
Air enters in hydraulic system - Inspect the suction pipe, fittings, and pump seals
Contaminated hydraulic oil - Change hydraulic oil
Hydraulic pump is faulty - Test the pump flow rate and change pump if required
Hydraulic spool valve is not set properly or defective - Adjust correctly or replace
Hydraulic cylinder is defective - Check the hydraulic cylinder components for damage or wear and change if necessary

Steering System Troubleshooting
Steering wheel turns hard
Damaged or improperly fitted steering column - Fit the steering column properly or change it
Air enters in steering system - Air-bleed steering system
Steering filter clogging - Clean or change it
Incorrect toe-in adjustment - Check and adjust toe-in
Front tires are worn out - Install new tires
Hydraulic steering pump is defective - Steering pump needs to be repaired or replaced
Steering cylinder is defective or worn - Change or repair steering cylinder if required
Damaged steering gear box parts - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Stuck or defective relief valve - Check relief valve and change if required
Not enough steering fluid - Fill up steering fluid to required level
Steering system has oil leaks - Tighten the steering hose and line joints
Excessive steering wheel play
Steering column coupling or shaft has maximum wear - Change faulty part
Worn or defective steering cylinder - Check and replace as required
Damaged steering gearbox components - Defective parts of power steering gearbox must be replaced
Steering pump is worn - Replace or repair steering pump
Steering tie-rod ends or linkage are worn - Change failed part
Front wheels wander to right or left
Tire pressure is improper - Inflate the tires properly
Not adjusted toe-in - Adjust toe-in correctly
Faulty or worn steering linkage or tie-rod ends - Change damaged component
Damaged steering gear box parts - Defective power steering box components must be replaced
Steering cylinder is damaged - Change or repair hydraulic steering cylinder
Front hub bearings are damaged or incorrectly adjusted - Replace or adjust the bearings correctly




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